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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0839 • Albrecht von Haller to Carl Linnaeus, 27 October 1747 n.s.
Dated 27 oct. 1747. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to (). Written in Latin.

Linnaeo Celeberrimo s[alutem].

Accepi nuperas Tuas has mansissimas cum semine Arbuti, quod equidem vereor, ut educem. Accepi etiam pulcherrimam Tuam Floram Ceylanicam.[1] Tibique novum gratulor honorem.[2] Stirpium ex flora Suecica[3] desidero specimina, [a][a] : MS1 <sicca quae notavi &
semina praeterea quae> quae subjeci
[added above the line]
quae subjeci.[a][a] : MS1 <sicca quae notavi &
semina praeterea quae> quae subjeci
[added above the line]
[4] Ego vicissim Germanica mittam, quando[b][b] : MS1 <uti> quando [added
above the line
]
ab Anatome respirabo.

Pulchra sunt quae nobis nos promittimus a KalmoKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
[5] & reliquis in schola Tua educatis botanicis, quos Tu omnes novo reples ardore. Ego diu non potui botanices ullum amorem apud juvenes excitare. A quarto tamen anno melius successit suntque plusculi, qui, dum per Germaniam sparguntur, promittunt mihi ex variis Regionibus sua symbola.

LudwigiusLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
(1709-1773). German. Physician.
Professor of medicine in Leipzig. One of
Linnaeus’s early opponents.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
plurimum Tibi tribuit, etsi non ausus sit Lipsiae RivinumRivinus, August Quirinus
(1652-1723). German. Professor of
medicine and botany at Leipzig.
Constructed a plant classification
system based on petals.
penitus deserere.[6] GmeliniGmelin, Johann Georg
(1709-1755). German. Voyager, botanist
and chemist. At the initiative of
empress Anna of Russia he spent ten
years (1733-1743) exploring Siberia. In
1749 he became professor of botany and
chemistry at Tübingen. Together
with his nephew Samuel Gottlieb he wrote
Flora Sibirica (1747-1769).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
flora Tibi plurima bona aperiet.[7] Est labor pulcherrimus. Nuper hac transiit auctor optimus. Ostendit elegantissimas icones Tomorum sequentium; species novae plurimae, etiam genera nova. Valde modestus est[c][c] : MS1 [twice, also added above
the line
]
Gmelinus [et][d][d] : MS1 [manuscript damaged] raro aliquid innovat.

Parum a me potes exspectare in exoticis, quae nunquam ausus sum[e][e] : MS1 [added above the line;
manuscript damaged
]
adgredi in tanto variorum laborum tumultu. De Agallocho tamen nosti KaempferumKämpfer, Engelbert
(1651-1716). German. Physician,
botanist and explorer. Travelled in
Asia. Known for his works on Japan and
Japanese natural history.
aliqua habere tum[f][f] : MS1 [deleted but
reinstated
]
de Skimmi s[ive] Aniso serrato. De Elemi putabam nullum dubium superesse post Observationes D[omini] CatesbyCatesby, Mark (1682-1749).
British. Naturalist and artist. Best
known for his illustrated work The
Natural history of Carolina, Florida and
the Bahama islands
(1736-1743).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
,[8] quo si contra meam opinionem careres, describam Tibi descriptionem plantae Elemiferae. De Ligno Rhodio veteres habent aliqua; videtur esse Cytisus aut adfinis planta. ClusiusLecluse, Charles de
(1525-1609). French. Botanist, director
of the imperial gardens in Vienna,
professor at Leiden.
[g][g] : MS1 Clusius <et> habet et alii Creticarum[h][h] : MS1 [sc.] plantarum scriptores. Bdellium ex Palmae specie est, ni fallor, etiam Kaempfero auctore. De Sagapeno, Thure, Myrrha, Balsamo, Balsamo Peruviano, Caranna [sic], nihil novi alicujus momenti.

In Belvedaire nihil[i][i] : MS1 <[illegible]>
nihil
satis tuto in meis adversariis reperio. Nunc frigore exstincta est. Habeo plantam Persicam, simillimam, sed glabro folio et glauco, similem facientem arbusculam. Novum etiam Astragalum Persicum habeo siliquis incurvis et alia, quae inseram horti mei descriptioni, quo comprehendentur praeterea omnes indigenae Germaniae. Nunc maxime sculpuntur tabulae. Sed hyems debitur dissectionibus. Scripsi nuper physiologiam.[9] Nunc sum in absolvenda Medendi methodo.[10]

Vale, Vir indefesse, et me ama!

D[abam] 27 Oct[obris] 1747.

[address] Celeberrimo / Linnaeo S. / A. Haller[11]

upSUMMARY

Albrecht von Haller thanks Linnaeus for his Flora Zeylanica and the seeds from Arbutus. He subjoins a list of desiderata from Linnaeus’s Flora Svecica. Many nice things are expected from Pehr Kalm. Christian Gottlieb Ludwig gives Linnaeus a lot of credit, but he dares not abandon August Quirinus Rivinus’s theories entirely. Johann Georg Gmelin has shown Haller his Flora Sibirica, which is an excellent work with new species and even genera. Engelbert Kämpfer has something on Agallochum, the Skimmi and Anisum serratum. The observations of Mark Catesby have dispelled Haller’s doubts about Elemi. Lignum rhodium appears to be a Cytisus or a related plant. Kämpfer says Bdellium is a kind of palm. Haller knows nothing of Sagapenum, Thus, Myrrh, Balsamum, Balsamum Peruvianum or Caranna.

Haller knows nothing certain regarding Belvedere, now destroyed by the cold. He has a Persian plant similar to it. He has also a new Persian Astragalus with incurved siliquae. The winter will be devoted to dissections. He is involved in a work on the practice of medicine, “Methodus medendi”.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, VI, 192). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. A selection (1821), vol. 2, p. 419-421   p.419  p.420  p.421.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <sicca quae notavi & semina praeterea quae> quae subjeci [added above the line]
b.
MS1 <uti> quando [added above the line]
c.
MS1 [twice, also added above the line]
d.
MS1 [manuscript damaged]
e.
MS1 [added above the line; manuscript damaged]
f.
MS1 [deleted but reinstated]
g.
MS1 Clusius <et>
h.
MS1 [sc.] plantarum
i.
MS1 <[illegible]> nihil

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
Albrecht von Haller refers to the fact that he was elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1747.
3.
4.
There is a list of the plants that Haller desires.
5.
In 1745 Pehr Kalm was elected member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In 1747 he was appointed associate professor of natural history and economy in Åbo, Finland, a post which he could not accept until 1752. In 1747 Linnaeus presented his plan that plants should be collected on the basis of economical benefit. Thus in 1748-1751 Kalm travelled in North-America to gather herbs and plants in those provinces that had the same climate as Sweden. Kalm published his observations in En resa til Norra AmerikaKalm, Pehr En resa til Norra
America, på Kongl. Swenska
Wetenskaps Academiens befattning, och
publici kostnad
, I-III (Stockholm
1753-1761). Soulsby no. 2586a.
. There is a modern edition, Pehr Kalms resa til Norra Amerika ånyo utg. af F. Elfving och G. SchaumanKalm, Pehr Pehr Kalms resa
till Norra Amerika
, eds F. Elfving
& G. Schauman (Helsinki 1904-1929).
.
6.
In his Definitiones plantarum in usum auditorumLudwig, Christian Gottlieb
Definitiones plantarum in usum
auditorum
(Leipzig 1737).
Christian Gottlieb Ludwig builds on August Quirinus Rivinus’s method based on the petals.
7.
8.
9.
The letter is accompanied by a Desideratae herbae of the plants that Haller would like to obtain from from Linnaeus. The numbers refer to Flora Svecica.