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Link: • Pehr Kalm to Carl Linnaeus, 22 December 1747 n.s.
Dated 11 Decemb. stil. vet. 1747. Sent from Grimstad (Norway) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.


Pehr KalmKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
reports on his voyage to London. His ship departed on November 30. The following day a furious storm threatened to sink the ship. It raged for 15 hours but finally, on December 5, they arrived in Grimstad, a harbour in the south-west of Norway. Kalm believes they must stay there until the middle of January to repair the ship and wait for the winter storms to abate. Kalm has written a detailed report on all this to Sten Carl BielkeBielke, Sten Carl (1709-1753).
Swedish. Baron, government official,
patron of science, and naturalist. One
of the founders of the Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences. Private pupil of
Linnaeus. Close friend of Pehr Kalm,
whose voyage to America he supported
financially. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, addressed to Pehr ElviusElvius, Pehr (1710-1749).
Swedish. Engineer and mathematician,
secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy
of Sciences.
, and free for all his friends to read. If this letter arrives before January 6, there is still time for Linnaeus to answer. A letter should be addressed to Merchant Christian Månsson GrootGroot, Christian Månsson
Norwegian. Merchant, Grimstad in Norway.
in Grimstad. What Kalm wishes more than anything else is to fulfill his mission to Linnaeusís satisfaction, and to honour Linnaeus and his country. Linnaeusís other disciples may surpass Kalm in all other respects but not when it comes to love and reverence towards their gracious teacher. Kalm wishes Linnaeus a propitious new year, and sends his regards to Anders CelsiusCelsius, Anders (1701-1744).
Swedish. Professor of astronomy,
Uppsala. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Olof CelsiusCelsius, Olof (1670-1756).
Swedish. Orientalist and theologian,
professor at Uppsala. Botanist and plant
collector, benefactor of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Samuel KlingenstjernaKlingenstierna, Samuel
(1698-1765). Swedish. Physicist and
mathematician, professor of experimental
physics at Uppsala. Correspondent of
, Martin StrömerStrömer, Martin
(1707-1770). Swedish. Astronomer,
professor in Uppsala from 1745.
, and Olof Petrus HiorterHiorter, Olof Petrus
(1696-1750). Swedish. Professor of
astronomy at Uppsala 1732-1737.


a. (LS, VIII, 14). [1] [2]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1922), vol. I:8, p. 18-19   p.18  p.19.