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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L0915 • Georgij Akinfievich Demidov to Carl Linnaeus, 24 June 1748 n.s.
Dated . Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in German.

upSUMMARY

Georgij Akinfievich DemidovDemidov, Georgij Akinfievich
(1715-1761). Russian. Father of
Alexandr Grigorevich Demidov, Pavel
Grigorevich Demidov and Petr Grigorevich
Demidov. Son of Akinfiy Nikitich
Demidiv. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has received Linnaeusís letter dated 10 June 1748 [this letter has not come down to us] and the thirty species of American seeds for which he is very grateful. Since he is a long way from his house, he will send half the seeds to his gardener with instructions for how to sow them. The other half he will sow himself later.

Demidov has sent a specimen of the Spiraea sorbi folio, which Linnaeus had requested, in a pot to Niepers & HasenfeldersNiepers & Hasenfelders,
Russian. Merchants, St Petersburg.
. At the same time he sent a box with a collection of 320 plants, which he himself had collected at various places. There were also plants that Demidov had received from Steller when he returned from Kamschatka. Demidov asks Linnaeus to go through the plants and see what they are called according to his characters. Demidov will then send seeds of the plants. Demidov only knows some of the plants, and then with their Russian names. When Georg Wilhelm StellerSteller, Georg Wilhelm
(1709-1746). German. Voyager, who
sailed with Vitus Bering and returned
with important collections from
Kamchatka.
died, Demidov had received his herbarium. Steller had, however, not had time to add the names of the plants. Demidov would be grateful if he could send Stellerís herbarium to Linnaeus so that Linnaeus could go through it and add the correct names. He wonders whether he should add the Russian names. Those who know plants in Russia, have not had Linnaeusís Fundamenta botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Fundamenta
botanica, quae majorum operum prodromi
instar theoriam scientiae botanices per
breves aphorismos tradunt
(Amsterdam
1736). Soulsby no. 253.
[Demidov seems to have had the second edition published in 1740, see below] at hand. Therefore the names vary in the Russian provinces. In the box Demidov had also, in the herbarium, inserted the Spiraea and three specimens of a plant found on the border to China, which the Russians call ĒSolotarnickĒ. The plant is probably an Aspalathus.

Demidov possesses Linnaeusís Systema naturae together with Fundamenta botanica published in Stockholm 1740 [Demidov refers to the Naturae curiosorum Disocoridis secundi Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Naturae
curiosorum Disocoridis secundi Systema
naturae in quo naturae regna tria
secundum classes, ordines, genera,
species systematice proponuntur
, 2nd
edition (Stockholm, 1740). Soulsby no.
46.
which was published together with Caroli Linnaei [...] Fundamenta Botanica in quibus theoria botanices aphoristice traditurLinnaeus, Carl Caroli Linnaei
[...] Fundamenta Botanica in quibus
theoria botanices aphoristice
traditur
, 2nd ed. (Stockholm, 1740).
Soulsby no. 257.
], and Flora SvecicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora Svecica,
exhibens plantas per regnum Sveciae
crescentes, systematice cum differentiis
specierum, synonymis autorum, nominibus,
incolarum, solo locorum, usu
pharmacopaeorum
(Leiden 1745).
Soulsby no. 408.
.

That year Demidov has ordered from Hamburg: Genera plantarum, 3nd editionLinnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum
, 3nd edition (Paris,
1743). Soulsby no. 299.
, Flora LapponicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora
Lapponica exhibens plantas per Lapponiam
crescentes, secundum systema sexuale
collectas in itinere [...] Additis
synonymis, & locis natalibus omnium,
descriptionibus & figuris rariorum,
viribus medicatis & oeconomicis
plurimarum
(Amsterdam, 1737).
Soulsby no. 279.
, Critica botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Critica
botanica, in qua nomina plantarum
generica, specifica & variantia
examini subjiciuntur, selectiora
confirmantur, indigna rejiciuntur;
simulque doctrina circa denominationem
plantarum traditur. Seu Fundamentorum
botanicorum pars IV. Accedit J.
Browallii De necessitate historiae
naturalis discursus
(Leiden 1737).
, and Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
.

Demidov would like to receive all Linnaeusís works that have been published and also those that will appear in the future.

Demidovís grandfather, a man called Nikita Demidovich DemidovDemidov, Nikita Demidovich
(1656-1725). Russian. Father of Akinfiy
Nikitich Demidov, grandfather of Georgij
Akinfievich Demidov and
great-grandfather of Alexandr
Grigorevich Demidov, Pavel Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
,had been promoted to commissionary by Peter IPeter I, (1672-1725).
Russian. Tsar, and later emperor of
Russia. reigned from 1682-1725.
and then raised to the nobility. During the reign of Empress Anna IvanovnaIvanovna, Anna (1693-1740).
Russian. Empress of Russia. A patron of
botanists.
, Demidovís father [Akinfiy Nikitich DemidovDemidov, Akinfiy Nikitich
(1678-1745). Russian. Father of Georgij
Akinfievich Demidov and grandfather of
Alexandr Grigorevich Demidov, Pavel
Grigorevich Demidov and Petr Grigorevich
Demidov.
] had had the role of a cabinet councillor because of his work with the iron- and copper-mines. The present monarch had made the father a real councillor. The House of Demidov has continued to grow between the years 1700-1743. In 1745 Demidovís father had died. The three Demidov brothers [Demidov means his three sons, Alexandr Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Alexandr Grigorevich
(1737-1803). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Pavel Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov,
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov.
, Pavel Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Pavel Grigorevich
(1738-1821). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Alexandr Grigorevich
Demidov and Petr Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov and
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov. He
created a natural history museum in
Moscow which was later given to the
University of Moscow. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
and Petr Grigorevich DemidovDemidov, Petr Grigorevich
(1740-1826). Russian. Linnaeus´s
student. Brother of Alexandr Grigorevich
Demidov and Pavel Grigorevich Demidov.
Son of Georgij Akinfievich Demidov and
grandson of Akinfiy Nikitich Demidov.
] live the lives of nobles. Demidov has devoted himself to arts and sciences, especially botany. He wishes to correspond with Linnaeus.

P.S. The Spiraea and the ĒSolotarnickĒ are a bit weak. However, Demidov has written to his gardener in Solikamsk for better specimens. They will be forwarded to Linnaeus.

Demidovís gardener has sent him seeds of Spiraea that are better than the previous ones. Some are enclosed.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, III, 226-228). [1] [2] [3] [4]