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Link: • Pehr Kalm to Carl Linnaeus, 10 September 1749 n.s.
Dated 30. Aug. 1749. Sent from Quebec (Canada) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.


Tomorrow Pehr KalmKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
will leave Quebec. He sent Lars JungströmJungström, Lars Swedish.
Gardener. Accompanied Pehr Kalm as his
assitant on Kalm´s voyage to North
America. After his retun to Sweden in
1751 he was appointed a gardener at the
castle of Ekolsund, planting American
back to New York and Pennsylvania three weeks ago to collect seeds. He encloses letters to among others, Carl Gustaf TessinTessin, Carl Gustaf
(1695-1770). Swedish. Count, important
politician and patron of science and
art. He supported Swedish artists and
scientists and collected art, books and
natural history objects. He assisted
Linnaeusís career in many ways. Married
to Lovisa Ulrica Tessin. Uncle to
Fredrik Sparre. Correspondent of
, his mother [Catharina KalmKalm, Catharina Swedish.
Mother of Pehr Kalm, wife of Gabriel
Kalm, born Ross.
] in Finland, and his cousin Isak RossRoss, Isak (1706-1783).
Swedish. Professor, Åbo. Cousin of
Pehr Kalm, nephew of Catharina Kalm.
in Åbo. If Linnaeus reads them all, he will have more information than in this short letter. He also wants Linnaeus to cut them separately, and see to it that the letter to Sten Carl BielkeBielke, Sten Carl (1709-1753).
Swedish. Baron, government official,
patron of science, and naturalist. One
of the founders of the Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences. Private pupil of
Linnaeus. Close friend of Pehr Kalm,
whose voyage to America he supported
financially. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is cut in the right way, and to forward the letters to Finland as soon as possible; his mother is anxious for him, and Ross must be instructed to find a house with a garden for him when he returns. He plans to go back in March next year; a crossing during autumn is much more perilous, and the plants must be kept below deck all the time. He does not want to stay more than a couple of days in London, even if a longer sojourn would give an enormous harvest of seeds for the Uppsala University Botanical GardenLinnéträdgården,
Swedish. The Uppsala University
Botanical Garden was founded by Olof
Rudbeck the Elder in 1655.
, for Bielke, and himself. Johann Jacob DilleniusísDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
successor [Humphrey SibthorpSibthorp, Humphrey (1713-1797).
British. Succeeded Johann Jacob
Dillenius as Sherardian professor of
botany at Oxford. Father of John
Sibthorp. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] has written to him and invited him, but he will decline this offer. Two thirds of Swedish plants are also found in Canada. If Linnaeus finds something of interest in the enclosed letters, he is free to copy it and send it together with Bielkeís letter. Kalm cannot write detailed letters to everybody. He feels confident that the seeds he will take home will pay for all the costs. This autumn he will travel 1300 km.

P.S. He has been as far as 120 km north of Quebec where a range of high mountains and inhospitable wilds stopped him. Here there were no oaks, beeches, or walnut trees, only birches, maples, Thuja, spruces, and larch trees. He does not find it necessary to stay another more year in America, although he could get more observations, but not sure that he would find more useful trees and plants for Sweden, some new and curious species he would probably find though.


a. (LS, VIII, 21). [1] [2]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1922), vol. I:8, p. 46-48   p.46  p.47  p.48.