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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L1084 • Carl Linnaeus to Bernard de Jussieu, 1749 n.s.
Dated . Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Paris (France). Written in Latin.

Illustrissimo B[ERNHARDO] de JUSSIEU,
Benefactori semper colendo,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
C[arolus] Linnaeus.

Inter Botanicos nullus est, quem majoris facio quam Te, nullusque ad quem magis difficile est aliquid mittere. Accepi aliquot semina a D[omino] Kalm ex Virginia; vellem ad Te mittere, modo scirem, quo pacto, ut non fieret tuis impensis. An liceat ea mittere sub couvert ad Acad[emiam] Reg[iam] Paris[inam] vel an sub involucro Praefecti Horti D[omi]ni Buffon? Vel qua ratione id fiat rogo quaesoque, quanto ocyus rescribas, ut semina in tempore habeas.

Apud nos nihil novi. Ego paro iter Scanicum, sed lingua Suecica.

Dissertatio de Splachno a D[omi]no Montin seu de Musco Norvegico, umbraculo ruberrimo & luteo, impressa est.

Diss[ertationem] aliam imprimo de Seminibus Muscorum detectis. Capitula muscorum esse Antheras patet ex pollinis natura. Ubi anthera & pollen ibi necessarium est Pistillum. Quaesivi multum. Reperi. Sed alio quam speraveram modo. Verbo semina muscorum carent omnino cotyledonibus, carent adeoque tunica, adeoque corcula sunt seminum decorticata et in Dill. Musc. tab. 56, f. 1. litt. h. i. k. 1. m. n. o. p. depinxit et florem femineum calyce tetraphyllo et semen foliosum s[ive] decorticatum; idem patet in reliquis examinanti.

Vianelli observatio, quae nuper prodiit Venetiis, de Aqua marina juxta navem phosphorisante pulchra est et nova; quis crediderat lucem hanc deberi vermiculis? Nunc evictum est.

Dalibardi Florae Paris[inae] prodromum videre avidissime gestio; cum vos potestis absque impensis literas mittere Parisiis ad alias terras (ut audio) annon velles singula vice mittere 6 philyras sub couvert ad Societatem regiam Upsaliensem; tum haberem ea absque impensis, cum ipse effringo omnes societatis literas. Si hoc poteris, quaeso, facias.

A D[omino] Hasselquist ex Smyrna literas habui jucundissimas; hisce diebus spero, quod Hierosolymam pervenerit. Si sanus redierit ab eo, multa mihi polliceor; fuit meus discipulus optimus.

Nullus apud nos supervixit tam mitem ac inertem hyemem quam hanc, quae discessit cum novo anno.

Quaeso, cures, ut aliquis studiosorum Botanicorum apud vos accurate observet, quo die arbores sylvestres vestrates et sponte nascentes, quando et quo die veris s[ive] mensis folia e gemmis promant, et simul quo die Hordeum seratur et quo die idem autumno maturum dissecetur, et ut hoc mecum communices pro tua amicitia rogo quaesoque.

Si hoc vellent Botanici continuare per 3 annos, credo eos plura praestituros quam Mathematici Meteorologicis suis observationibus per seculum.

Accepi librum Illustris[simi] Reaumurii de Pullitie s[ive] incubatione artificiali ovoque; reddas ipsi devotissima mea officia.

a Monsieur
Monsieur Bernh[ard] de Jussieu
Professeur en Botanique
Membre de l’academie des
Sciences
Paris

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus praises Bernard de Jussieu’sJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
as the botanist for whom he has the highest esteem, but adds that he is the one to whom it is the most difficult to send material. Now, he has seeds received from Pehr KalmKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Virginia [Kalm to Linnaeus, 13 March 1750Letter L1121] and wants to send some to Jussieu. So Linnaeus needs advice on how to do it, so that it would not be at Jussieu’s expense. Should he send them to the Académie royale des sciences, ParisAcadémie royale des sciences,
Paris,
French. The French
Académie des sciences was founded
in 1666 and became a royal academy in
1699. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
or to Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de BuffonBuffon, Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de
(1707-1788). French.
.

Linnaeus has not very much to report. He is preparing his report on the journey to Skåne [Linnaeus refers to his forthcoming Skånska resaLinnaeus, Carl Skånska
resa, på höga
öfwerhetens befallning
förrättad år 1749. Med
rön och anmärkningar uti
oeconomien, naturalier, antiquiteter,
seder, lefnadssätt
(Stockholm
1751). Soulsby no. 209.
].

Lars Montin’sMontin, Lars (1723-1785).
Swedish. Physician and botanist. Studied
medicine in Uppsala under Linnaeus and
Nils Rosén von Rosenstein.
Provincial physician of the province of
Halland. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
dissertation on a moss species is ready [Linnaeus refers to the Dissertatio botanica sistens SplachnumLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
botanica sistens Splachnum
, diss.,
resp. L. Montin (Uppsala, 1750). Soulsby
no. 1589.
].

Another dissertation on the fructification (spore production) of mosses is being printed [Linnaeus refers to the Semina muscorum detectaLinnaeus, Carl Semina
muscorum detecta
, diss., resp. P. J.
Bergius (Uppsala 1750). Soulsby no.
1596.
, defended by Petter Jonas BergiusBergius, Petter Jonas
(1730-1790). Swedish. Physician and
botanist. Professor of natural history
and pharmacy at Collegium Medicum,
Stockholm. Linnaeus’s student.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
].

Linnaeus comments on a publication about Giuseppe VianelliVianelli, Giuseppe (17?-17?).
Italian. Entomologist.
on light in the water close to ships [Linnaeus refers to the Nuove scoperto intorno le luci notturneVianelli, Giuseppe Nuove
scoperto intorno le luci notturne
dell’acqua marina, spettanti alla
naturale storia, fatte da Giuseppe
Vianelli Medico-Fisico in Chioggia, e
consecrate a Sua Eccellenza H. N. U.
Sig:or Girolamo Giustiani
(Venice
1749).
]. He is surprised that that phenomenon is due to small worms.

Linnaeus implores Jussieu to send him the small book, just six printed sheets, being the preface of Thomas François Dalibard’sDalibard, Thomas François
(1703-1779). French. Naturalist, an
early adherent of Linnaeus’s system.
, Florae parisiensis prodromusDalibard, Thomas François
Florae parisiensis prodromus, ou
catalogue des plantes qui naissent dans
les environs de Paris rapportées
sous les dénominations modernes
& anciennes, & arrangées
suivant la méthode
séxuelle de M. Linnaeus

(Paris 1749).
, which he needs urgently. He wants Jussieu to send this to the the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Uppsala,
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
].

Linnaeus has heard from Fredrik HasselquistHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Smyrna [Hasselquist to Linnaeus, 29 January 1750Letter L1090, 20 February 1750Letter L1100, 28 FebruaryLetter L1097]. He expects much from him.

Linnaeus has never experienced such a mild winter as that just passed.

Linnaeus wants Jussieu to have somebody to note carefully when wild trees get their leaves, when the crop is sown and when it is cut in the autumn, and to send Linnaeus that information. Linnaeus thinks that if botanists could do so for three consecutive years, it would be of greater worth than the meteorological observations during a century.

Linnaeus asks Jussieu to forward his thanks to René-Antoine Ferchault de RéaumurRéaumur, René-Antoine
Ferchault de
(1683-1757). French.
Physicist and naturalist. His works
cover geometry, technology, mineralogy,
ornithology. His collections of natural
history objects, mineralogy etc. were
given to the Académie des
sciences after his death. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
for his book on the embryo of the hen or artificial incubation [Linnaeus refers to Art de faire éclorre et d’élever en toute saison des oiseaux domestiques de toutes especesRéaumur, René-Antoine
Ferchault de
Art de faire
éclorre et d'élever en
toute saison des oiseaux domestiques de
toutes especes, soit par le moyen de la
chaleur du fumier, soit par le moyen de
celle du feu ordinaire
, 2 vols.
(Paris, 1749).
].

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (ASP, Dossier biographique Linné). [1] [2]