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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Fredrik Hasselquist, 10 March 1750 n.s.
Dated 1750 febr. 27.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Smyrna (Syria). Written in Swedish.


Linnaeus acknowledges Fredrik Hasselquist’sHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letter from Smyrna [Hasselquist to Linnaeus, 27 December 1749Letter L1077]. He finds it interesting and has informed everybody of its contents, including the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences [Kungliga Svenska VetenskapsakademienKungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien,
Swedish. The Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. Founded
in 1739.
. He is sorry to say that it is very difficult to help Hasselquist financially. Pehr KalmKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has already received what the Academy of Sciences can afford; the Archbishop [Henric BenzeliusBenzelius, Henric (1689-1758).
Swedish. Archbishop 1747-1758.
] has awarded the Ekendahl’s scholarship to another scholar, though he had promised Linnaeus when he was in Växjö, that it would go to Hasselquist. In this situation Linnaeus has taken 100 dalers from his own purse. He contacted the Archbishop, who gave 100 dalers from his. He wrote to Edvard CarlesonCarleson, Edvard (1704-1767).
Swedish. Public official. President of
the Swedish Board of Commerce.
Accompanied Carl Fredric von Höpken
on his voyage to the Orient. Father of
Adolf Ludvig Carleson. Correspondent of
, a good patron of sciences, who granted 200 dalers. He wrote letters to his friends begging for money, and in addition to Linnaeus himself, the Archbishop and Carleson, the following have now contributed: Nils Rosén von RosensteinRosén von Rosenstein, Nils
(1706-1773). Swedish. Physician
and professor of medicine. Colleague of
Linnaeus at Uppsala. The founder of
modern pediatrics. Correspondent of
, Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
, Herman von Schützercrantz Schützercrantz, Herman von
(1713-1802). Swedish. City surgeon,
Stockholm. Personal surgeon to the royal
, Theodor AnkarcronaAnkarcrona, Theodor
(1687-1750). Swedish. Admiral, member
of the Royal Swedish Academy of
, Lars SalviusSalvius, Lars (1706-1773).
Swedish. Printer, bookseller, publisher.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, BillingBilling, Swedish. , Grill, BromanBroman, Swedish. . So Linnaeus has done what he can. The Faculties of philosophy and theology have promised their assistance as well. Linnaeus hopes that Hasselquist will not criticize him in the way that Kalm, who he has helped a hundred times more, is now doing in his letters, criticism that also reaches Sten Carl BielkeBielke, Sten Carl (1709-1753).
Swedish. Baron, government official,
patron of science, and naturalist. One
of the founders of the Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences. Private pupil of
Linnaeus. Close friend of Pehr Kalm,
whose voyage to America he supported
financially. Correspondent of Linnaeus.

Linnaeus is impressed by Hasselquist’s observation of ”pinna” or ”perna”. He is the first since AristotleAristotle, (384BC-322BC).
Greek. Philosopher, a student of Plato
and teacher of Alexander the Great. He
wrote on many subjects, including
physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater,
music, logic, rhetoric, politics,
government, ethics, biology and
to explain the symbiosis between this conch and the prawn.

The following theses have been produced recently in Uppsala: Pehr LöflingLöfling, Pehr (1729-1756).
Swedish. Botanist and explorer. Studied
under Linnaeus. Went to Spain in 1751
and took part in the Spanish expedition
to Venezuela in 1754, where he died.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Gemmae ArborumLinnaeus, Carl Gemmae
, diss., resp. P.
Löfling (Uppsala 1749). Soulsby no.
and another student [Nils Lars HesselgrenHesselgren, Nils Lars (b.
1729). Swedish. Student of Linnaeus in
1745-1749. After that held a position at
the estate Höjentorp, Eggeby, in
Skaraborg county.
] Pan SuecicusLinnaeus, Carl Pan
, diss., resp. N.L.
Hesselgren (Uppsala, 1749). Soulsby no.
, Lars MontinMontin, Lars (1723-1785).
Swedish. Physician and botanist. Studied
medicine in Uppsala under Linnaeus and
Nils Rosén von Rosenstein.
Provincial physician of the province of
Halland. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Dissertatio botanica sistens SplachnumLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
botanica sistens Splachnum
, diss.,
resp. L. Montin (Uppsala, 1750). Soulsby
no. 1589.
, another [Peter Jonas BergiusBergius, Petter Jonas
(1730-1790). Swedish. Physician and
botanist. Professor of natural history
and pharmacy at Collegium Medicum,
Stockholm. Linnaeus’s student.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
], Semina muscorum detectaLinnaeus, Carl Semina
muscorum detecta
, diss., resp. P. J.
Bergius (Uppsala 1750). Soulsby no.

The librarian Anders NorreliusNorrelius, Andreas (1679-1749).
Swedish. Librarian of the University of
Uppsala. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
died during Christmas and was succeeded by Samuel AurivilliusAurivillius, Samuel
(1721-1767). Swedish. Professor of
medicine, Uppsala. Correspondent of
, son-in-law to-be of Rosén von Rosenstein.

A ”Flora Parisina” has been published by Thomas François DalibardDalibard, Thomas François
(1703-1779). French. Naturalist, an
early adherent of Linnaeus’s system.
[Linnaeus refers to Florae parisiensis prodromusDalibard, Thomas François
Florae parisiensis prodromus, ou
catalogue des plantes qui naissent dans
les environs de Paris rapportées
sous les dénominations modernes
& anciennes, & arrangées
suivant la méthode
séxuelle de M. Linnaeus

(Paris 1749).
]. In Holland David de GorterGorter, David de (1707 or
1717-1783). Dutch. Botanist and
physician. Succeeded his father Johannes
de Gorter as physician-in-ordinary to
the Empress Elizabeth of Russia. Son of
Susanna de Gorter, brother of Herman
Boerhaave de Gorter. Correspondent of
has applied the Linnean method in a work entitled Elementa botanicaGorter, David de Elementa
botanica, methodo [...] Linnaei
(Harderwijk 1749).

Kalm will be away on his mission until 1754. Last autumn he sent numerous seeds, but many of them were of bad quality.

Hasselquist should be especiallly grateful to Carleson for his financial support.

Olof CelsiusCelsius, Olof (1670-1756).
Swedish. Orientalist and theologian,
professor at Uppsala. Botanist and plant
collector, benefactor of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has a request. If Hasselquist comes to the Black Sea area, he could ask for the Alans and related tribes and see if they speak languages reminiscent of Swedish or Gothic, or if they know of Woden or Thor, and if there are rune stones or similar writing.


a. original holograph (UUB, G152a). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1917), vol. I:7, p. 11-13   p.11  p.12  p.13.