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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L1118 • Joseph von Rathgeb to Carl Linnaeus, 6 March 1750 n.s.
Dated VI Martii 1750. Sent from Venezia (Italia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Nobilissimo, Experimentissimo Doctissimoque Domino
Carlo Linnaeo,
Archiatro P[erillustri] Reg[is] Sv[eciae], Med[icinae] et Bot[anices] Prof[essori] Ups[aliensi],
Viro Celeberrimo,
S[alutem] P[lurimam] D[icit]
Josephus a Rathgeb, Eques.

Heri accepi litteras tuas, Vir Celeberrime, de die XXIV Januarii.[1] Hodie respondeo, ut Tibi quanto ocyus mittam semina Amaranthi Siculi hic adjuncta. Observabis in plantis ipsismet hac proxima aestate nascituris, quae super hac planta in Horto Tuo Cliffortiano p. 42 indicata Tibi adhuc dubia videbantur.[2] Certum ego habeo Achyrantem tuum et Achyrantham DilleniiDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
non esse synonyma. Quum hujus Amaranthi interius perianthium pentaphyllum non decidit, duplex eidem assignari posse autumo. Exterius triphyllum est, corolla nulla, filamenta quinque, membranae germen cingenti adnata, Antherae didymae, germen oblongum, stylus simplex longitudine staminum, stigma simplex, Pericarpium horizontaliter dissiliens, semen unicum cylindraceum ex una parte in modum grani Tritici sulcatum continens.

Ad reliqua epistolae Tuae, sed cursim. Gaudeo tandem intelligere Mappas Geographicas Tibi recte pervenisse. In litteris Tuis superioribus earum nunquam meministi.

Modestiae Tuae est relinquere amicissimo GmelinoGmelin, Johann Georg
(1709-1755). German. Voyager, botanist
and chemist. At the initiative of
empress Anna of Russia he spent ten
years (1733-1743) exploring Siberia. In
1749 he became professor of botany and
chemistry at Tübingen. Together
with his nephew Samuel Gottlieb he wrote
Flora Sibirica (1747-1769).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Floras Russicas.[3] Verum si ab illo expectandae nobis sunt, quum labores ejus Academiae Petropolitanae impensis et cura edendi restant, uti mihi scribitur, anni praeterlabentur, priusquam illos videre continget. Accedit, quod quanta sit cognitio ejus Botanica, quae est sane maxima, mihi videtur nullum alium ea diligentia eoque summo judicio, quo tu soles, hoc argumentum pertractare. De illis ipsis Floris Russicis forsan alio tempore.

Viola foliis palmatis, neque ClusioLecluse, Charles de
(1525-1609). French. Botanist, director
of the imperial gardens in Vienna,
professor at Leiden.
virens visa, elegans violae genus ab eodem nominatur, quam Mera medicus ex Italia rediens resiccatam apportaverat. Hinc ab illo ipso Clusio creditum trigona Capita, quae capsula seminalis fuere,[a][a] : MS1 <fuit> fuere [added
above the line by Rathgeb
]
florem sustinuisse. Si hoc anno plantae meae semina maturabunt, mittam, ut eosdem apud Te nasci videas.

Recte me ablegasti ad GronoviiGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Floram Virg[inicam] p. 56 de Diospyro.[4] Eadem videtur quam nostra, quod ad Characterem florum dioicorum attinet. A Guajacana autem CatisbeiCatesby, Mark (1682-1749).
British. Naturalist and artist. Best
known for his illustrated work The
Natural history of Carolina, Florida and
the Bahama islands
(1736-1743).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Vol. 2, Tab. 76, quam Gronovius synonymum facit, in eo diversa, quod Caudex arboris apud nos crassus unius et duorum pedum, contra fructus minor, semina multo minora semper octo, quorum apud Catesbium quatuor[b][b] : MS1 <semper> quatuor sola sint. Si solummodo diversitas magnitudine intercederet, dicerem hanc ex diversitate soli et caeli provenire. [c][c] : MS1 [added by Rathgeb] Sed ego existimo figuram[d][d] : MS1 <[illegible]>
figuram
apud Catesbaeum esse illam Speciem diospyreos, quae ParkinsonoParkinson, John (1567-1650).
British. Apothecary and botanist to
Jacob I. Author of Theatrum
botanicum
(1640).
Pishamin Virginiana dicitur.[c][c] : MS1 [added by Rathgeb]

In Corispermo semper observavi tria stamina, quod jam AmmannusAmman, Johann (1707-1741).
Swiss/Russian?. Curator of Hans Sloane’s
natural history collection. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences at St Petersburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
p. 159 adnotavit, quorum unum longius duobus alteris extremis, styli duo ex apice germinis prodeuntes. Doleo me non petiisse a te alterius speciei semina, quam a spicis squarrosis denominas. Illam secundam speciem in Horto Cliffort[iano], cujus fructus quadrangularis est, alterius generis facere utrum liceret? Semina in Corispermo meo semper nuda, solitaria, ala membranacea cincta, ex una parte convexa, ex altera leviter concava.

GorteriGorter, Johannes de
(1689-1762). Dutch. Physician.
Professor of medicine at Harderwijk in
1725. Succeeded Abraham Kaauw Boerhaave
as physician-in-ordinary to the Empress
Elizabeth of Russia at the court in St
Petersburg 1754 to 1758. Returned to
Holland in 1758. Husband of Susanna de
Gorter. Father of David de Gorter and
Herman Boerhaave de Gorter.
Floram nunquam prodiisse credere fas est, quum nullus liberariorum [sic] de ea unquam audisse meminit.[5]

Rem facis gratissimam RudbeckiiRudbeck, Olof (1630-1702).
Swedish. Physician, historian,
naturalist. Founder of the Uppsala
University Botanical Garden. Professor
of medicine at Uppsala.
opuscula pro me comparando.[6] Expensas statim solvam. Aeque gratum mihi foret, si MorisoniiMorison, Robert (1620-1683).
British. Botanist and physician.
Physician-in-ordinary to Charles II.
Professor in botany at Oxford.
libellum, [e][e] : MS1 [added below the page by
Rathgeb
]
Historiae naturalis Sciagraphiam,[e][e] : MS1 [added below the page by
Rathgeb
]
quum minimae molis sit impensis meis transcribi curares.[7]

Ago gratias pro seminibus Axyridis.

Dalea,[f][f] : MS1 <Dalea> Dalea ita in Horto Patavino, sed pessime dicta Mimulus, quantum ego existimo, esse nequit, saltem ille non, quem in Horto Upsal[iensi] delineas,[8] in qua planta folia opposita sunt ejusdemque habitus integre a Dalea Patavina diversus, cujus exemplar in mea absentia male siccatum. Interea hic adjicio, ut videas, dummodo in itinere non confringatur. Forsan Mimuli planta Congener seu species. In Indice Horti Chelsejani a RandioRand, Isaac (?-1743). British.
Botanist.
edito invenio Daleam Roberti MillerMiller, Robert (?-?). British.
Sent seeds to Philip Miller from the
West Indies.
.[9] Quae planta? Qui Character? Philippus MillerusMiller, Philip (1691-1771).
British. Gardener of the Chelsea Physic
Garden. Corresponded with many
botanists. His rich herbarium was sold
to Joseph Banks. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
in Indice Tomi Secundi Lexici sui Daleam nominat, in quo Lexico non describit.

DalibardDalibard, Thomas François
(1703-1779). French. Naturalist, an
early adherent of Linnaeus’s system.
Flora Parisiensis nihil novi continet.[10] Plantas Parisienses secundum Methodum tuam sexualem ibidem disposuit, id quod Tibi multum honori cedit. Librum ipsum accepi his diebus.

Audio quam lubenter te moliri editionem fundamentorum Botanicorum.[11] Quum prodierit, significa! Eaque, quantum potes, definitionibus auge earum partium, quae nondum definitae, quarum sunt quam plurimae. In diesque se offerunt plantas examinanti. Tibi debetur Botanices restauratio. Debeatur etiam perfectio. Scientia haec a te primo ad tantum certitudinis gradum evecta, ut modo tuo procedendo in plantarum descriptione nullum dubium in nulla aetate remanere possit. Utinam, qui nos praecessere, tantum sapuissent!

Gratias ego ajo maximas pro duabus dissertationibus missis. Subjunge, quaeso, reliquas, quas petii, et quas deinceps editurus sis, quoniam nulla unquam res majorem mihi voluptatem adfert quam illae, quae ex cultissimo et foecundissimo ingenio Tuo prodeunt. Siquidem nihil politius, nihil limatius et magis omnibus numeris absolutum concipi potest, ita ut laute mihi sapiant omnia, quae arte Tua aut inventa aut parata mihi apponuntur. In illa de Gemmis Arborum[12] summa cum voluptate legi a Te praedicari Caesalpinum,Cesalpino, Andrea (1519-1603).
Italian. Botanist, professor of medicine
and botany in Pisa and Rome and
physician of Clement VIII. Best known
for his De plantis libri xvi
(1583).
acutissimum et immortalis famae virum. Utinam Botanici, qui inter te et illum fuere, ejus vestigia arcte semper pressissent.

Nondum tibi gratias egi, quod Nominis mei meminisse dignatus fueris in praefatione ad Hortum Tuum Upsalensem. Fateor me rubore suffusum legendo inter illos viros me a Te referri, quos ego, etiam longissime distans, assequi nequeo. Vires etiam ingenii mei certum hoc non mereri, multo minus studium, quod potius delectatio est. Si majori otio abundarem, si hic esset Hortus plantis instructissimus, forsan aliqua meliora me praestiturum audacter asserere possem.

De reliquo, ne a Rectoratus munere, quod hocce anno sine dubio cum magna Tui comendatione gesturus es, te a Benevola tua litterarum mecum commulatione abstrahi sinas, quaeso. Litteris enim tuis delector mirifice, tum quod eaedem semper me plurimum erudiant, qu[u]m quod asserant voluptatem maximam significando Benevolentiam erga me Tuam, quam mihi aeternum conservare omnibus viribus adlaborabo.

Vale et, uti pro summa tua humanitate soles, me Tibi commendatum habere perge, quo amantiorem Tui Nominisque tui observantiorem habebis Neminem. Iterumque Vale!

Venetiis die VI Martii 1750.

Nomini Tuo addictissimus
Rathgeb

[address] Dmno Linnaeo Upsaliae.

upSUMMARY

Joseph von Rathgeb has received Linnaeus’s letter dated 24 January 1750 o.s., 4 February 1750 n.s.

Rathgeb sends Linnaeus seeds of Amaranthus siculus. Linnaeus was doubtful about this plant in Hortus Cliffortianus, p. 42.

Rathgeb does not consider Linnaeus’s Achyranthes and Johann Jacob Dillenius’s Achyrantha to be synonyms.

Rathgeb is pleased to note that Linnaeus has got the maps he sent.

Rathgeb wonders whether Johann Georg Gmelin or Linnaeus should publish the Russian Floras.

Viola foliis palmatis, Diospyros and Corispermum are discussed.

No bookseller has ever heard of David de Gorter’s “Flora”.

Rathgeb is grateful for Olof Rudbeck the Elder’s works. He also wants Linnaeus to have Robert Morison’s Historiae naturalis sciagraphia transcribed for him.

Rathgeb is grateful for seeds of Axyris.

Dalea is discussed. Rathgeb wonders about Robert Miller’s Dalea in Isaac Rand’s Horti medici Chelseiai index compendiarius.

In his Florae Parisiensis prodromus Thomas François Dalibard has arranged the plants according to Linnaeus’s sexual system.

When Linnaeus has published his new edition of Fundamenta botanica, he should let Rathgeb know.

Rathgeb is grateful for the two dissertations he has received from Linnaeus. Rathgeb was pleased to see that Linnaeus in his Gemmae Arborum praised Andrea Cesalpino.

Rathgeb thanks Linnaeus for having mentioned him in his preface of Hortus Upsaliensis [1748].

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original (LS, XII, 147-148). [1] [2] [3]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 <fuit> fuere [added above the line by Rathgeb]
b.
MS1 <semper> quatuor
c.
MS1 [added by Rathgeb]
d.
MS1 <[illegible]> figuram
e.
MS1 [added below the page by Rathgeb]
f.
MS1 <Dalea> Dalea

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
Linnaeus’s letter to Joseph von Rathgeb, 24 January 1750 o.s., 4 February 1750 n.s., has not come down to us.
2.
3.
With the Russian Floras Rathgeb means Gerber & Heinzelmann, “Flora Samarcensis Tatarica”Gerber, Traugott & Johann
Gottfried Heinzelmann
“Flora
Samarcensis Tatarica” (manuscript;
L.S.).
, Gerber, “Flora Wolgensis et herbarii vivi ibi collecti index”Gerber, Traugott “Flora
Wolgensis et herbarii vivi ibi collecti
index” (manuscript; L.S.).
and Gerber, ”Flora Tanaensis”Gerber, Traugott “Flora
Tanaensis” (manuscript; L.S.).
, i.e. the flora of the river Don.
4.
5.
Jan de Gorter’s “Flora” was a project that was never finished.
6.
Rudbeck, Catalogus plantarum . See Rathgeb to Linnaeus 9 January 1750 n.s.Letter L1008.
7.
8.
9.