Documentation

Letters

-Search for letters
-Search in texts

Manuscripts

Editions

Links

Contact

C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L1161 • Carl Linnaeus to Bernard de Jussieu, 21 August 1750 n.s.
Dated d. 10 augusti 1750. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Paris (France). Written in Latin.

Illustrissimo Botanico,
D[OMINO] D[OCTORI] BERNH[ARDO] de JUSSIEU,
Professori Botanico,
Reg[iae] scient[iarum] [Academiae] Paris[inae] Londin[ensis],
Berol[inensis] et Ups[aliensis] Socio.

Gratam arripio occasionem testandi devotum animum in Fautorem, quem prae mortalibus omnibus magni facio ob candorem, amicitiam, beneficia plantas numerosissimas et denique ob scientiam in arte nostra summam, quem omnes hodierni Botanici principem agnoscunt.

Tua in me amoris testimonia quotidie mihi in horto obvia sunt; virent et florent absque intermissione et mihi refricant memoriam generosissimi Fautoris. Tournefortia caule volubili propediem florebit, cujus racemi nuper pulchre enati sunt, et mihi dabunt flores antea nunquam visos, ut taceam alias infinitas.

Dalibardi Flora Parisina, Tui in me amoris summum testimonium, mihi in manus pervenit. Ibi exposuisti et declarasti animum, quem nullus, nisi pater in unicum filium offerret. Alii omnes lucubratiunculas meas invido et malevolo rodunt; Tu solus candidissimus pro more Tuo, fuisti. Hujus Testimonii memor vivam, dum vixero, nec ulla rerum vicissitudo me a Tua devotione removebit.

Illa Flora me excitabat, ut mox inciperem edere observatiunculas meas, sub Philosophiae Botanices titulo, in qua explicavi Fundamenta mea Botanica; 14 philyrae impressae sunt, ut libellus intra mensem e prelo prodibit. Iter meum Scanense sudat etiam hoc tempore, sed lingua Suecica, jubentibus sic superis.

Misi Dissertationes meas Splachnum & Semina Muscorum; non dubito, quin in manus Tuas venerint.

Vidisti procul dubio Vianelli tractatum de Polluce et Castore s[ive] de aqua marina noctu lucente ab insectis caussata. Tu Lynceus posses solus nobis detegere characteres hujus insecti et genus, quod, ut facias, ex animo precor.

Schierae Dissertationes duae Mediolan. 1750. octavo, quorum altera de Sexu Plantarum, altera de Plantarum affectione ad perpendiculum nuper in manus meas venit.

Hasselquist, discipulus meus, qui petiit Palaestinam, varia curiosa ad me rescripsit Smirna et Chio; misit Cornucopiae exsiccata specimina; ejusdem promisit semina; nuper literas dedit Alexandria, hodie Cairo versabitur; si redeat, mihi multas ab eo promitto plantas.

Kalmius noster, qui in Virginia versatur, alter meus discipulus, redibit ad finem anni; multa, ut scribit, collegit in Canada & Virginia, de quibus rescripsit; misit semina novi generis dicti Gallisoniae, a vestrate Praefecto Canadae, qui plurima ipsi officia praestitit, sed semina non germinabant; ex flosculo sicco incluso, intellexi plantam generis esse Swertiae; collegit enim Stellerus et Gmelinus eandem omnino plantam in Sibiria. Refert planta Gentianam 3 Dalibardi ac ovum ovo, sed floris structura est Peloriae, 5 corniculis caudata corolla, adeoque vere singularis.

Pereunt apud nos Equi ex planta, quam edunt siccam in foenis et vocant rustici non modo plantam sed et morbum Staekra; dudum intellexi plantam esse Phellandrium, sed miratus, qui fieret, quod Equi non perirent ubique, sed tantum in certis provinciis; tandem mihi innotuit caussam mali Equorum caussari ab insecto, quod habitat intra caules Phellandrii et est Curculio primus Faunae.

In Hordeo apud nos sato, dum trituratur saepe 1/3 a 1/5 pars dat grana tabida, laevia et inania; nuper observavi haec grana, licet integra, destructa esse a vermiculo muscae minutissimae, quod eorum substantiam interne erodit.

Quaeso, mittas mihi aliquot semina per D[ominum] D[octorem] Aurivillium Bibliothec[arium] nostr[um]; ille, ut nullus dubito, semina per tabellarium mox transmittet:

Coriariae Gundeliae Anrederae

Bocconiae Morinae Sphaeranti

Veratri Coris Boerhaviae

Turnerae Hydrophylli Osyris

Collinsoniae Frankeniae,

si modo habeas et supersint abs Tuo incommodo.

Vive artis nostrae decus diutissime! Devota mea dicas officia Illustrissimo Reumurio (cui grates pro libro de pullitione), Mad[ame] Bassaport, Laserre. Vale!

Dabam Upsaliae d[ie] 10 Augusti 1750.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus thanks Bernhard de JussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
for all the seeds he has got [Jussieu to Linnaeus, 30 January 1749Letter L1007], which have given flowers. They remind him daily of Jussieu’s favours towards him.

Linnaeus has received Thomas François Dalibard’sDalibard, Thomas François
(1703-1779). French. Naturalist, an
early adherent of Linnaeus’s system.
Florae parisiensis prodromusDalibard, Thomas François
Florae parisiensis prodromus, ou
catalogue des plantes qui naissent dans
les environs de Paris rapportées
sous les dénominations modernes
& anciennes, & arrangées
suivant la méthode
séxuelle de M. Linnaeus

(Paris 1749).
which he sees as a sign of Jussieu’s high thoughts of Linnaeus’s method.

Reinforced by that, Linnaeus has decided to start to publish his small observations under the title Philosophia botanices [Linnaeus refers to his forthcoming, Philosophia botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Philosophia
botanica, in qua explicantur fundamenta
botanica cum definitionibus partium,
etc.
(Stockholm 1751). Soulsby no.
437.
]. Fourteen sheets have already been printed, so the book will appear within a month. The report of the journey to Skåne is still being printed, but it is in Swedish, as requested by his principals [Linnaeus refers to his Skånska resaLinnaeus, Carl Skånska
resa, på höga
öfwerhetens befallning
förrättad år 1749. Med
rön och anmärkningar uti
oeconomien, naturalier, antiquiteter,
seder, lefnadssätt
(Stockholm
1751). Soulsby no. 209.
].

Linnaeus hopes Jussieu has received the dissertations just sent [Linnaeus means Dissertatio botanica sistens SplachnumLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
botanica sistens Splachnum
, diss.,
resp. L. Montin (Uppsala, 1750). Soulsby
no. 1589.
and Semina muscorum detectaLinnaeus, Carl Semina
muscorum detecta
, diss., resp. P. J.
Bergius (Uppsala 1750). Soulsby no.
1596.
].

Linnaeus comments on Giuseppe Vianelli’sVianelli, Giuseppe (17?-17?).
Italian. Entomologist.
treatise Nuove scoperto intorno le luci notturneVianelli, Giuseppe Nuove
scoperto intorno le luci notturne
dell’acqua marina, spettanti alla
naturale storia, fatte da Giuseppe
Vianelli Medico-Fisico in Chioggia, e
consecrate a Sua Eccellenza H. N. U.
Sig:or Girolamo Giustiani
(Venice
1749).
and on two dissertations by Giovanni Maria SchieraSchiera, Giovanni Maria
(17?-17?). Italian. Botanist.
[Linnaeus refers to the Dissertationes duaeSchiera, Giovanni Maria
Dissertationes duae, quorum una de
plantarum sexu, foecundatione, sistemate
sexuali & multiplicatione: Altera de
naturali & constanti plantarum
affectione ad perpendiculum
(Milano
1750).
].

Linnaeus has heard from Fredrik HasselquistHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Smyrna [Hasselquist to Linnaeus, 27 December 1749Letter L1077, 29 January 1750Letter L1090, 20 February 1750Letter L1100, 28 February 1750Letter L1097, 17 April 1750Letter L1126 ], Alexandria [ Hasselquist to Linnaeus, 18 May 1750Letter L1134] and he is now on his way to Cairo. He has sent specimens of Cornucopia [Hasselquist to Linnaeus, 17 April 1750Letter L1126].

Linnaeus reports briefly on some information from Kalm, who had sent seeds of a new species, Gallisonia, named after the French governor in Canada [the Marquis of GallisoniereGallisoniere, the Marquis of
French. Admiral, French governor of
Canada.
], who had helped Kalm much. The seeds did not grow, but Linnaeus had seen in a dried specimen of the flower that it was of the genus Swertia and that Georg Wilhelm StellerSteller, Georg Wilhelm
(1709-1746). German. Voyager, who
sailed with Vitus Bering and returned
with important collections from
Kamchatka.
and Johann Georg GmelinGmelin, Johann Georg
(1709-1755). German. Voyager, botanist
and chemist. At the initiative of
empress Anna of Russia he spent ten
years (1733-1743) exploring Siberia. In
1749 he became professor of botany and
chemistry at Tübingen. Together
with his nephew Samuel Gottlieb he wrote
Flora Sibirica (1747-1769).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
had collected it in Siberia. Linnaeus specifies some features, especially as compared with Peloria.

Linnaeus reports on two insects, one occurring in some hay and causing illness and death among horses eating it; the farmers had thought that the plants were harmful, but in other provinces of Sweden that trouble had not occurred. – The second is a small fly that occurs in corn, where its maggots cause great damage.

Linnaeus lists a dozen species, which he thinks Jussieu has seeds of, and suggests that Jussieu sends those he has available through Samuel AurivilliusAurivillius, Samuel
(1721-1767). Swedish. Professor of
medicine, Uppsala. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, the Uppsala librarian.

Linnaeus sends his regards to René-Antoine Ferchault de RéaumurRéaumur, René-Antoine
Ferchault de
(1683-1757). French.
Physicist and naturalist. His works
cover geometry, technology, mineralogy,
ornithology. His collections of natural
history objects, mineralogy etc. were
given to the Académie des
sciences after his death. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
(whom he thanks for a book on hens, Art de faire éclorre et d’élever en toute saison des oiseaux domestiques de toutes especesRéaumur, René-Antoine
Ferchault de
Art de faire
éclorre et d'élever en
toute saison des oiseaux domestiques de
toutes especes, soit par le moyen de la
chaleur du fumier, soit par le moyen de
celle du feu ordinaire
, 2 vols.
(Paris, 1749).
), Madeleine Françoise BasseporteBasseporte, Madeleine
Françoise
(1701-1780).
French. Painter, Paris. Pupil of Claude
Aubriet, painter at the French court,
where she taught the princesses.
and LaserreLa Serre, French. Physician
and naturalist, Paris.
.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (ASP, Dossier biographique Linné). [1] [2] [3] [4]