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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L1177 • Carl Linnaeus to Johann Georg Gmelin, 9 November 1750 n.s.
Dated 1750 Octobr. 29. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to (). Written in Latin.

Viro illustri
D[omino] D[octori] J[OHANNI] G[EORGIO] GMELINO,
Amico Colendo,
s[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linnaeus.

Mitto nunc prima a Te desiderata semina. Reliqua intra octiduum mittam. Nequeo enim hodie nimium onerare tabellarium.

Accessit candidatus Horticulturae, sed ille infelix naufragium passus debuit deserere navem. Adeoque nescio etiamnunc, utrum ad me poterit umquam pervenire nec non. Scirem interim lubenter, quid miseras, ut tamen Tibi easdem gratias referam ac, si accepissem, cum ipse ea miseras.

Quo magis volvo problema istud de multiplicatione specierum ex diversa copula, eo magis confirmor in hac sententia. Hac aestate in horto habui lepidam et novam plantam. Veronica Fl[orae] Suec[icae] 6 et Verbena Fl[orae] Suec[icae] 16 per aliquot annos in eodem pulvillo satae fuere.[1] Ibidem excrevit nova species, cujus spica et flosculi erant omnino omnibus partibus Veronicae. At caulis et folia absolute Verbenae, ut sagacissimum seducerent botanicum. Verbo herba erat Verbenae, fructificatio Veronicae, sed flores non majores floribus Veronicae. Haec planta floruit, sed semina non maturavit uti parentes. Si proximo anno producat, curabo, ut primus habeas.

Vidisti procul dubio Acta nova Petropolitana.[2] KrascheninnikowKrascheninnikov, Stephan Petrovich
(1713-1755). Russian. Professor
of natural history, St Petersburg. Went
with Johann Georg Gmelin to Siberia and
came as the only member of the
expedition to Kamchatka. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
descripsit nonnullas rariores plantas, inter quas praecipue arridet ejus Lunaria.

Philosophiam meam Botanicam lubenter ad Te transmitterem, sed via minus facilis et promta quam olim, dum Petropoli habitabas.[3]

Accepi plurimas plantas ad Kamtschatka[m][4] lectas praecedente anno, inter quas mihi maxime arrident:

Convolvulus foliis ovalibus tomentosis. Thea persica.

Lilium foliis verticillatis, floribus erectis, corollis campanulatis (non revolutis nec stylo instantibus).

Ornitholagum tuum Fl[orae] Sibir[icae] 45 t. 8, quod est omnino Melanthium, sed parum diversum a Virginico.[5]

Sophora foliis ternatis, spica verticillata. Lupinum mentiens.

Sedum foliis quaternis (verticillatim positis).

Mitella foliis ternatis.

Dryas pentapetala foliis pinnatis.

Helleborus foliis ternatis, scapo unifloro.

Astragalus acaulis leguminibus inflatis subglobosis.

Astragalus caulescens calycibus lanatis.

Prenanthes repens foliis trilobis.

Dracontium foliis lanceolatis.

Lycopodium repens, dichotomum, foliis quadrifariam imbricatis, spicis sessilibus (caule rubro).

Claytonia foliis linearibus.

Paris foliis ternatis.

Lycopodium Dill[enii]Dillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
musci. [sic] t. 63 f. 11.[6]

Heucheria Gron[ovii]Gronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Virg. 27.[7]

Uvularia perfoliata Gron[ovii] Virg. 37, quas non vidi in Tua egregia collectione.

Annon prodierit alter Tomus Florae tuae eximiae?

HasselquistHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
noster nunc Palaestinam, ut audio, intravit. Forte plantas ibi reperiet pulchras.[8]

Nullus apud nostrates meminerit aestatem vel potius autumnum magis siccum. Hinc deficiunt aquae pro molendinis et variis aliis usibus. At vero hyems est satis intensa.

Proxime reliqua semina mittam.

Doleo, quod locus remotissimus non sinat tam saepe tuas exosculari literas ac olim.

Dabam Upsaliae 1750 Octobr[is] 29.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus sends some seeds which Johann Georg Gmelin wants.

Linnaeus is occupied with the problem of hybridization. He sowed Veronica (Flora Svecica no. 6) and Verbena (Flora Svecica no. 16) in the same hot-bed. The result of it was a new species, whose spike and florets are those of Veronica in all respects, but the stem and leaves belong to Verbena. The new plant is a Verbena with the fructification of a Veronica.

Stephan Petrovich Krascheninnikov has described many rare plants in Novi commentarii academiae scientiarum imperialis Petropolitanae, e.g. Lunaria.

Linnaeus would like to send his Philosophia botanica, but it is difficult now that Gmelin no longer lives in St Petersburg.

Linnaeus received plants last year from Kamchatka and lists the most interesting specimens.

He wonders whether the second volume of Gmelin’s Flora Sibirica has been published.

Fredrik Hasselquist has arrived in Palestine.

The autumn is exceptionally dry. There is shortage of water.

Linnaeus will soon send more seeds.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (UUB, G152a). [1] [2] [3]

upEXPLANATORY NOTES

1.
2.
3.
4.
Kamchatka is a big peninsula in Siberia washed by the Sea of Okhotsk from its West and by the Sea of Bering and the Pacific ocean from the East, more than 1000 km in length and more than 400 km in width with two massive mountain ranges. With Kamchatka in those days was meant the whole of the Russian far East.
5.
Gmelin, Flora SibiricaGmelin, Johann Georg Flora
Sibirica, sive Historia plantarum
Sibiriae
(St Petersburg 1747-1769).
. Vol. II “1749” was published early 1752.
6.
7.
8.
In 1757 Linnaeus published Hasselquist’s Iter Palaestinum eller resa til heliga landetHasselquist, Fredrik Iter
Palaestinum eller resa til heliga
landet
(Stockholm 1757).
.