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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L1213 • Carl Linnaeus to Bernard de Jussieu, 1750 n.s.
Dated 1750. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Paris (France). Written in Latin.

Illustrissimo Botanico,
D[OMINO] D[OCTORI] BERN[HARDO] de JUSSIEU,
Professori Parisino,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
C[arolus] Linnaeus.

Has non mitto literas, ut Tibi, Illustrissime Domine, oneri sit tabellarius, sed ut tester continuo, quanti Te faciam, et ut fungar officio, quum me receperis correspondentem Regiae vestrae Academiae.

Quum nihil habeam hac vice, quod scribam ex propriis observatis, mittam quae discipuli mei detexere, quorum unus Kalmius in Virginia haerens, Alter Hasselquist in urbe Cairo Aegypti, tertius nuper petiit Chinam nomine Osbeck.

Hasselquist scripsit Cairo d[ie] 7 Septembris quamplurima, quae naturalem historiam concernunt; misit antea descriptionem avium nonnullarum, et Historiam Sepiae octopodiae dictae, quomodi insidiatur Conchae Pernae s[ive] Pinnae dictae, nisi Cancer Pinnotheres ejus custos esset, et sic confirmavit Historiam antiquam Aristotelis et Plinii. Misit historiam Phaenicis s[ive] Palmae, sed in ultimis varia habet alia egregia. Cycomorus gaudet duplicis generis calycibus s[ive] Receptaculis aliis, scilicet

exsuccis, aliis succulentis et esculentis. Esculenti fructus sunt masculi, at vero hermaphroditi exsucci contrario modo ac cum Ficu, quod mirum.

Habet et Cycomorus proprium insectum s[ive] Psenes, quod est species Cynips.

Descripsit Taeniam Aegyptiorum eorumque Ophtalmiam et Scabiem. Pulchra habet de Gummi arabico contra famem. Docuit Sal Ammoniaci confectionem apud Aegyptios, negatque dari naturale tale.

Habet Casuarium minimum griseum.

Formicam minimam, corpore globoso, antennis longissimis, unam ex plagis pharaonis, ut et Cancrum cursorem Bellonii descripsit; nec non varia novi generis insecta.

Lapides, plantas, Quadrupedia Aegypti annotavit. In his video Cerastem et Jaculum esse species Anguis, nec Colubri, in Ceraste Alpini dentes caput egrediuntur. Duodecim nova genera Piscium habet.

Integram et perfectissimam descriptionem Canielopardalis & Mimosae cujusdam Actis Upsaliensibus inseram una cum Mure aegyptio. Mus hic refert Leporem capite, Suem rostro, Murem corpore, Leonem cauda. Pedibus anticis numquam terram attingit, sed semper salit pedibus posticis, quorum etiam femora nuda sunt. Anterioribus pedibus vero, solum aquam haurit, dum potat. Inter quadrupedia maxime singulare animalculum.

Permanebit in Aegypto in proximum ver, tum vero Palaestinam petat.

Kalmius autem noster redibit ex America proximo vere. Ille detexit nobis stupendam medicinam, specificum scilicet Indorum sylvestrium contra luem veneream, quam extollit tanquam medicamentum numquam incassum propinatum, ut eo aegri semiputridi e lue intra 10 vel 16 dies perfecte curati, absque incommodo absque dolore; dum e contra quamplurimi methodo usitata Mercuriali saepe diem curantur dolorifice, pereunt sub cura. At vero novum medicamentum curat absque recidiva, absque dolore, absque difficultate, absque ulla fere observatione in diaeta. Certe si Helvetius vester hanc medicinam detexisset, integros aureos montes a Rege vestro reportasset. Est haec medicina radicis Ceanothi americani infusum, cui additur, si morbus sit nimis radicatus, radix Ranunculi fol subrotundo virginici, flore parvo. Herm. Lugdb. 514.

Hoc infusum s[ive] debile decoctum hauritur mane, vacuo ventriculo, si vero purgat tum insequentibus diebus parciori dosi et debiliori infuso. Radix Ranunculi tamen parcissime addenda, cum illa ventriculo infesta sit.

In debiliori morbo sufficiunt solae radices Lobeliae secundae Hort. Cliff., in infuso s[ive] decocto, non diu decocto, et quotidie pro potu ordinario poto.

Confirmata observationibus legi cum stupore, [a][a] : MS1 videas ... Stockholmensibus
[added in the margin]
haec videas graphice ab authore descripta in Actis Stockholmiensibus.

Quaeso, et supplex, quaeso, mittas mihi semina istius Lobeliae, ut habeam in horto; non dubito, quin ea secum ducat Kalmius, sed forte sero nimis accedat, ut semina vix germinent.

His vale et fave!

Dabam Upsaliae 1750.

Monsieur
Mons[ieu]r Bernh[ard] de Jussieu
Professeur en Botanique
Membre de l’academie Royal
des sciences
Paris

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus writes to Bernhard de JussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillant’s
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
to fulfil his duties as a corresponding member of the Académie royale des sciences, ParisAcadémie royale des sciences,
Paris,
French. The French
Académie des sciences was founded
in 1666 and became a royal academy in
1699. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
.

This time, there is no news from Linnaeus himself, but he reports on Pehr KalmKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Virginia and on Fredrik HasselquistHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Cairo. He adds that Pehr OsbeckOsbeck, Pehr (1723-1805).
Swedish. Clergyman, botanist explorer.
Studied at Uppsala under Linnaeus
1745-1750. Chaplain on ships of the
Swedish East India Company on voyages to
China. Vicar of Hasslöv (Halland).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has just left for China.

A letter from Hasselquist of 7 September 1750Letter L1170 had contained very many items of information on plants, animals and medical practice. In the the Acta of the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Uppsala,
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
] Linnaeus will publish descriptions of Camelopardalis [“Cervus camelopardalis. Descriptus”Hasselquist, Fredrik
"Cervus camelopardalis.
Descriptus," Acta societatis
regiae scientiarum Upsaliensis

(1744-1750, [1751]).
], Mimosa [“Mimosa Africana. Descripta”Hasselquist, Fredrik
"Mimosa Africana. Descripta",
Acta societatis regiae scientiarum
Upsaliensis
(1744-1750 [1751]),
9-10.
] and the Egyptian rat, a strange little animal, looking something between a rat and a hare [“Mus Aegyptius”Hasselquist, Fredrik "Mus
Aegyptius", Acta societatis
regiae scientiarum Upsaliensis

(1744-1750, [1751]).
, also published in “Egyptiska bärg-råttan. Beskrifven”Hasselquist, Fredrik
"Egyptiska bärg-råttan.
Beskrifven", KVAH 13 (1752),
123-128.
]. – Hasselquist will continue to Palestine in the spring.

Kalm will return from America in the spring, and from his letter Linnaeus mentions a medicine against syphilis, used by the native Red Indians in the forest, which had proven very effective and without negative effects on the patient. Linnaeus comments that a French king would have paid a handsome sum for that medicine.

Linnaeus gives some more detailed advice on the use of the medicine. It may be given in a smaller quantity during the following days, if it causes diarrhoea. The root of Ranunculus shall be added with caution, since it hurts the stomach.

In benign cases, the root of Lobelia can be used alone, as a decoction, taken each day as ordinary drink.

Linnaeus reads this, that has been confirmed by observations, with surprise, and Jussieu will see it described by the author [Kalm] in Acta Stockholmiensia [Linnaeus means the Transactions of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Kungliga Svenska VetenskapsakademienKungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien,
Swedish. The Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. Founded
in 1739.
].

Linnaeus again reminds Jussieu about the seeds of Lobelia, which he is very eager to receive in time for the spring of 1751. Kalm would bring some, but he may not be back in time for them to be sown.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (ASP, Dossier biographique Linné). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 videas ... Stockholmensibus [added in the margin]