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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L1247 • Carl Linnaeus to Bernard de Jussieu, 8 April 1751 n.s.
Dated d. 28 Martii 1751. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Paris (France). Written in Latin.

Viro Illustrissimo,
D[OMINO] D[OCTORI] BERN[HARDO] de JUSSIEU,
Professori Botanico Parisino,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit],
Car[olus] Linnaeus.

Pridie accepi Tua Dona, Vir Illustris, mihi omni auro chariora. Stupefactus vidi semina plantarum rarissimarum, quae antea a me numquam lectae fuere. Utinam germinarent! An Dalechampia umquam creverit in vestro horto; si creverit, quaeso, des mihi exsiccatum specimen.

Nequeo satis mirari, cur non frater Tuus junior redeat. Expecto eum anxie, qui detegat innumeras novas plantas.

Ego, qui non habeo plantas rariores, misi pauper bono animo semina qualiacunque possidebam, per Legatum vestrum, unde nullus dubito, quin haec Tibi rite sint tradita.

Pulchra et docta retulisti de Vianelli vermibus; dies dabit quodnam sit verius.

Donati Titulus est della Storia Naturale Marina dellíAdriatico, Saggio del signor Dottore Vitaliano Donati Giuntavi una lettera de signor Dottore Lionardo Sesler intorno ad un nuovo genere di piante terrestri. In Venezia appresso Francesco Storti. MCCL. 4o majori. pag. 81. tabulae 10.

Ejus novum genus Vitaliana est Sedum alpinum Fr. Gregorii Regensis. Column. Ecphr. 63, sed forte est tandem species Androsaces.

Miratus diu, e qua planta erat spica a Te missa quondam. Nunc vero intelligo hanc esse novi generis plantam, media inter Saururum & Phytolaccam. Nequit haec esse species Phytolaccae ob numerum; alioquin conjungerentur Ruta & Peganum, Evonymus & Celastrus; non minus peccarem, si conjungerem diversa genera, quam si separarem in plura genera generis hujusdem species.

D[ominus] Missa dixit Loniceram canadensem adeo exacte referre Linnaeam, ut crederet esse ejusdem generis non tantum, sed et speciei; nunc autem novi plantam, Loniceram Gron. Virg. 22., quae est:

CHAEMADAPHNE. Mitchell. Eph. n. cur. vol. octavo app. n. 15.

CAL. Perianthia bina, disjuncta, quadridentata, erecta, eidem germini insidentia.

COR. monopetala, infundibuliformis: Tubus filiformis; Limbus quadripartitus, erectus, acutus.

STAM. Filamenta 4, filiformia, erecta, ex intersticiis corollae. Antherae oblongae, acutae.

PIST. Germen orbiculatum, didymum, infra receptaculum.
         Stylus filiformis, longitudine corollae bifidus.
         Stigma quadrifidum, patens, magnum.

PER. Bacca globosa, bipartita, umbilicis disjunctis.

SEM. singulis loculis 4, rotunda, compressa, callosa.

Hybrida mea ex Verbena Veronica duravit per hyemem et incipit nunc stolones e terra, producere plures, ut nullus dubito, quin vivat.

Inclusa mitto folia Suecica ex itinere Scanico de Calamistro.

Gloriosam esse speciem Erythronii non cogitaveram antea, nec bene novi Erythronium, quod non vidi, nisi semel et quidem ante 14 annos. Gloriosam esse affinem Uvulariae, Medeolae, Asparagi, Smilacis, Tamni, &c. non dubito.

Hasselquistii observationes hac aestate prodibunt. In his etiam habet descriptionem Mimosae aculeatae, floribus polyandris spicatis, legumine compresso laevi elliptico Tuae, ni fallor, ejusdem.

Dodonaeam Pteleae accedere stupendum est.

Utinam cresceret ex seminibus Tuis Blattaria zeylanica! Annon vidisti Montii Aldrovandam, quae mira planta est?

Floret nunc in meo horto Dodecatheon, planta pulcherrima et amicissima, quae Auric[ul]a ursi virginiana. Pluk. Phyt. 79. f. 6. floribus speciosis condecoratur; si accipiam semina, uti nullus dubito, mittam libens, nisi habeas antea. Herba Primulae, flores Cyclaminis.

De Exemplaribus systematis curabo; gratulor tibi, quod Te commendatore dignum censeatur.

Discipulus meus Petr[us] Löfling hoc vere adibit Hispanias Botanices causa, impensis Potent[issimi] Regis Hispaniae; a quo minutissimas Hispaniae plantas expectabimus; est juvenis vere lynceus et ex meis discipulis optimus.

Adansoniae genus perplacet. Assumam mox nomen. Utinam nossem characterem! Si habeas, quaeso, mittas, ut inseratur Tuo sub nomine Actis nostris.

In Te hodie Res Herbaria, uti in illustr[issimo] Reaumurio sacra Zoologiae se vertunt et innituntur; conservet hos ocellos orbis Deus Ter optimus, in Gallia decus et scientiarum fulcimentum. Alta scientiarum quies et somnus occupavit jam Anglos, Belgas, Italos, Germanos, Russos, Danos, et cum vestra jactura aliquando forte Gallos, nisi aliqui e vestra schola prodeant digni artis Filii.

Tu vale et vive felicissime, diutissime et patiare me numerari inter eos, qui Te sincera devotione colunt, venerantur, amant.

Dabam Upsaliae d[ie] 28 Martii 1751.

Devota mea officia dicas Illustrissimo Reaumurio et fratri Tuo Medicorum Parenti et Principi, nec non salutes plurimum D[omin]o Laserre et dulcissimae meae Bassaport. Ter vale!

Monsieur
Mons[ieu]r Bernh[ard] de Jussieu
Professeur en Botanique
Paris

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus thanks Bernhard de JussieuJussieu, Bernard de
(1699-1777). French. Professor of
botany, brother of Antoine and Joseph de
Jussieu. Demonstrator at the Jardin des
plantes. Sébastien Vaillantís
successor. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
for letter [Jussieu to Linnaeus, 19 February 1751Letter L1236] and gifts and hopes the seeds will prove viable. He asks about the species Dalechampia and wonders if it has ever grown in Paris.

Linnaeus is surprised that Jussieuís brother [Joseph de JussieuJussieu, Joseph de (1704-1779).
French. Botanist, mathematician,
explorer. Member of the French
expedition in South America 1735.
Brother of Antoine and Bernard de
Jussieu. Uncle of Antoine Laurent de
Jussieu.
] has not returned. He should bring new species to Europe.

Linnaeus collects what seeds he has and sends them as a gift in his turn, and he uses the French ambassador for the transport.

Linnaeus comments briefly on some items in Jussieuís letter, such as Giuseppe VianelliVianelli, Giuseppe (17?-17?).
Italian. Entomologist.
and the unnamed species.

Vitaliano DonatiísDonati, Vitaliano (1713-1763).
Italian. Professor of natural history,
Turin. Travelled in the Balkans and in
the Orient. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
work is entitled Della storia naturale marina dellí AdriaticoDonati, Vitaliano Della
storia naturale marina dellí Adriatico
saggio giuntavi una lettera del Signor
L. Sesler intorno ad un nuovo genere di
piante terrestri
(Venice 1750).
.

Linnaeus gives a full character of Lonicera, which is manifestly not identical with Linnaea.

The hybrid of Verbena and Veronica has survived the winter.

Fredrik HasselquistísHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
observations will be published in the summer.

Linnaeus will arrange for the copies of the Systema naturae [presumably Systema naturae, 6th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 7th edition (Leipzig 1748).
Soulsby no. 52.
] that are needed in Paris.

Linnaeus reports that Pehr LöflingLöfling, Pehr (1729-1756).
Swedish. Botanist and explorer. Studied
under Linnaeus. Went to Spain in 1751
and took part in the Spanish expedition
to Venezuela in 1754, where he died.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
will visit Spain at the Spanish kingís expense [Ferdinand VIFerdinand VI, (1713-1759).
Spanish. King of Spain. Reigned from
1746 to 1759.
], and Linnaeus expects many plants from him. He is a very able botanist with sharp eyes.

Linnaeus notes that botany relies on Jussieu, just as zoology relies on René-Antoine Ferchault de RéaumurRéaumur, René-Antoine
Ferchault de
(1683-1757). French.
Physicist and naturalist. His works
cover geometry, technology, mineralogy,
ornithology. His collections of natural
history objects, mineralogy etc. were
given to the Académie des
sciences after his death. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
, whereas there is almost no activity in most other countries. So hopefully, Jussieu will have a long life.

The letter concludes with greetings to Réaumur, Antoine de JussieuJussieu, Antoine de
(1686-1758). French. Botanist,
professor of botany, Paris. Brother of
Bernard and Joseph de Jussieu. Joseph
Pitton de Tournefortís successor. Uncle
of Antoine Laurent de Jussieu.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, LasserreLa Serre, French. Physician
and naturalist, Paris.
, and Madeleine Françoise BasseporteBasseporte, Madeleine
Françoise
(1701-1780).
French. Painter, Paris. Pupil of Claude
Aubriet, painter at the French court,
where she taught the princesses.
.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (ASP, Dossier biographique Linnť). [1] [2] [3] [4]