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Link: • John Bartram to Carl Linnaeus, 20 March 1753 n.s.
Dated March ye 20th 1753. Sent from Philadelphia (USA) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in English.


Two months earlier, John BartramBartram, John (1701-1777).
American. Botanist living in
Pennsylvania and Delaware. Father of
John Bartram the Younger and William
Bartram. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
had received a letter from Linnaeus dated 10 August 1750 [this letter has not come down to us]. He is surprised that it took so long to reach him, and he mentions that some pamphlets that Linnaeus had sent through Benjamin FranklinFranklin, Benjamin (1706-1790).
American. Publicist, scientist and
to Cadwallader ColdenColden, Cadwallader
(1688-1776). American. Physician of
Scottish origin, botanist, physicist,
politician. Lieutenant governor of New
York. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and John ClaytonClayton, John (1685-1773).
British/American. Physician and
botanist. Born i England, moved to
Virginia in North America in 1715. His
herbarium collected in Virginia was
published by Johan Frederik Gronovius
and Linnaeus in Flora Virginica
(1739, 1743). Correspondent of Linnaeus.
had met with a similar delay. Franklin was just about to send them on, as directed. Bartram had been travelling for a great part of 1751 and had found many new species of plants and shrubs, some of which are used in medicine. Bartram had sent Linnaeus a copy of a medical work [Bartram refers to his revision of Thomas Shortís, Medicina BritannicaShort, Thomas Medicina
Britannica: or A treatise on such
physical plants, as are generally to be
found in the fields or gardens in
Great-Britain : containing a particular
account of their nature, virtues, and
uses. Together with the observations of
the most learned physicians, as well
ancient as modern, communicated to the
late ingenious Mr. Ray, and the learned
Dr. Sim. Pauli. Adapted more especially
to the occasions of those, whose
condition or situation of life deprives
them, in a great measure, of the helps
of the learned. By Tho. Short, of
Sheffield, M.D. To which is added an
appendix: containing the true
preparation, preservation, uses and
doses of most forms of remedies
necessary for private families. With a
preface by Mr. John Bartram, botanist of
Pennsylvania, and his notes throughout
the work, shewing the places where many
of the described plants are to be foun
in these parts of America, their
differences in name, appearance and
virtue, from those of the same kind in
Europe; and an appendix, containing a
description of a number of plants
peculiar to America, their uses,
virtues, &c
3rd ed.
([Philadelphia] & London, 1751).
] and hopes it had been delivered. Bartram will send Linnaeus some specimens of plants next autumn, and he invites Linnaeus to let him know what sorts he is most interested in.

P.S. Pehr KalmKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has not written to any of those he met in America, and they consider him rather ungrateful.


a. original holograph (LS, I, 356-357). [1] [2] [3]


1. Memorials of John Bartram (1849), p. 371 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 166   p.166.
3. The Correspondence of John Bartram (1992), p. 345-346 .