Pehr OsbeckOsbeck, Pehr (1723-1805).
Swedish. Clergyman, botanist explorer.
Studied at Uppsala under Linnaeus
1745-1750. Chaplain on ships of the
Swedish East India Company on voyages to
China. Vicar of Hasslöv (Halland).
Correspondent of Linnaeus. thanks Linnaeus for some letters [one of these letters was Linnaeus to Osbeck, 18 September 1752Letter L1474] and apologizes for the delay. Osbeck has been away from Gothenburg for some time.
Olof TorénTorén, Olof (1718-1753).
Swedish. Clergyman, naturalist.
Linnaeus’s pupil. Went to China in
1748-1749 and to India and China in
1750-1752. Correspondent of Linnaeus. is still in the countryside. Christopher Henrik BraadBraad, Christopher Henrik
(1728-1781). Swedish. Supercargo of the
Swedish East India Company. is still in Gothenburg, but he will soon go to Norrköping, where he was born. He has been to the East Indies twice at short interval, as the clerk of the ship, and he came back on the same ship as Torén. Braad has studied in Uppsala. Osbeck has forwarded Linnaeus’s thanks to them both.
Osbeck hopes that Linnaeus will not remind him of the unfortunate porcelain any more. He is sorry that it was lost. Osbeck refuses to accept any payment from Linnaeus. However, he suggests that he himself, or a friend of his if he is unable to go himself, will order another set of the same kind. If Linnaeus could send Osbeck a picture of the plant, the painting on the cups would be more accurate, and then Linnaeus would also know the price.
Osbeck is planning to get a better seal, and he thinks it would contain a miniature picture of what he calls “his flower”. He asks Linnaeus to send him a picture of it, done from nature.
Osbeck answers some questions from Linnaeus, first on an insect that was included in the latest letter. He had called it a dipteron antennis longitudinaliter fissis [a Dipteron with cleft antennas].
The largest bird with the curved beak is called man-of-war by the Englishmen. It takes the food from the booby, which is next to it in size. Osbeck sends both a male and a female specimen. They seem to belong to the genus Pelecani.
The next in size, with the nostrils prominent in its beak, is called the Cape pigeon, and the small yellow and brown bird is called “Whå m maj” in Chinese. Osbeck will tell Linnaeus later about the nature and habitat of these two birds, and tell more about Asuncion.
Osbeck thanks Linnaeus for his promise to give him a copy of Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum (Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 480. when it is ready. Osbeck does not think he is the only person who has longed to see it finished.
Osbeck offers to tell Linnaeus the locations of the plants in his collection, if Linnaeus needs the information to include in the Species plantarum.
Jonas Ahlelöf’s Ahlelöf, Jonas
(1717-1783). Swedish. Clergyman, dean
of Frillesås. Correspondent of
Linnaeus. Dioscorea is still alive. The parish he has is one where the King appoints the vicar.
Osbeck supposes that Linnaeus has received the specimens of fishes, roots and fruits preserved in sand. Among them is also the fruit of Crinum from the Flora ZeylanicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora
Zeylanica; sistens plantas Indicas
Zeylonae insulae, quae olim 1670-1677,
lectae fuere a Paulo Hermanno [...]
demum post 70 annos ab Augusto
Günthero [...] orbi redditae
(Stockholm,1747). Soulsby no. 420. . Osbeck had managed to establish its name, and the names of several others, by examination, but he was not quite sure, so he had sent some of it to Linnaeus as well. He has only a rather limited set of books, and he gives the titles of all fourteen of them, beginning by Linnaeus’s Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
Naturae 6th edition (Stockholm,
1748). Soulsby no. 51. [the seventh edition, Systema naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae, 7th edition (Leipzig 1748).
Soulsby no. 52. , 7th edition, published in Leipzig 1748, was a reprint of the sixth], Genera plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Genera
plantarum [...] Recudenda curavit Ch. C.
Strumpff [...] editio quarta (Halle
1752). , Flora SvecicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora Svecica,
exhibens plantas per regnum Sveciae
crescentes, systematice cum differentiis
specierum, synonymis autorum, nominibus,
incolarum, solo locorum, usu
pharmacopaeorum (Leiden 1745).
Soulsby no. 408. ,Flora Zeylanica, Materia medicaLinnaeus, Carl Materia
Medica. Liber I. De plantis secundum:
genera, loca, nomina, qualitates, vires,
differentias, durationes, simplicia,
modos, usus, synonyma, culturas,
praeparata, potentias, composita,
digestus, &c. I-II (Stockholm
1749). Soulsby no. 968. , Hortus UpsaliensisLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Upsaliensis, exhibens plantas exoticas,
Horto Upsaliensis academiae a sese
illatas, ab anno 1742, in annum 1748,
additis differentiis, synonymis,
habitationibus, hospitiis, rariorumque
descriptionibus, in gratiam studiose
juventutis, I (Stockholm 1748).
Soulsby no. 424 , Philosophia botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Philosophia
botanica, in qua explicantur fundamenta
botanica cum definitionibus partium,
etc. (Stockholm 1751). Soulsby no.
437. , Bibliotheca botanica. Editio novaLinnaeus, Carl Bibliotheca
botanica. Editio nova multo
correctior (Halle, 1747). Soulsby
no. 251. , ”Examen Sigesbeckii epicr.,”[Osbeck refers to Johann Gottlieb GleditschGleditsch, Johann Gottlieb
(1714-1786). German. Botanist and
sylviculturist in Berlin, disciple of
Anton Wilhelm Platz and Johann Ernst
Hebenstreit, supervisor of Caspar Bose’s
garden 1731-1735, professor at the
Collegium Medico-Chirurgicum in 1746.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. , Consideratio epicriseos SiegesbeckianaeGleditsch, Johann Gottlieb
Siegesbeckianae in Linnaei systema
plantarum sexuale et methodum botanicam
huic superstructam, viro celeberrimo
cujuscumque scientiarum promotori,
communicata (Berlin 1740). ], Linnaeus, Oratio de telluris habitabilis incrementoLinnaeus, Carl Oratio de
telluris habitabilis incremento,
diss., resp. J. Westman (Leiden, 1744).
Soulsby no. 1377. , Fauna SvecicaLinnaeus, Carl Fauna Svecica
sistens animalia Sveciae regni:
quadrupedia, aves, amphibia, pisces,
insecta, vermes, distributa per classes
& ordines, genera & species. Cum
differentiis specierum, synonymis
autorum, nominibus incolarum, locis
insectorum (Leiden 1746). Soulsby
no. 1152. , Peter ArtediArtedi, Peter (1705-1735).
Swedish. Ichtyologist. Close friend of
Linnaeus. Ichthyologia sive opera omnia de piscibusArtedi, Peter Ichthyologia
sive opera omnia de piscibus, scilicet:
Bibliotheca ichthyologica. Philosophia
ichthyologica. Genera piscium. Synonymia
specierum. Descriptiones specierum.
Omnia in hoc genere perfectiora, quam
antea ulla. Posthuma vindicavit,
recognovit, coaptavit & edidit
Carolus Linnaeus (Leiden 1738). , Linnaeus, Skånska resaLinnaeus, Carl Skånska
resa, på höga
förrättad år 1749. Med
rön och anmärkningar uti
oeconomien, naturalier, antiquiteter,
seder, lefnadssätt (Stockholm
1751). Soulsby no. 209. and Jean Etienne GuettardsGuettard, Jean Etienne
(1715-1786). French. Naturalist,
geologist and mineralogist. Director of
the museum of natural history objects of
the duke of Orléans. Best known
for his geological and mineralogical
studies of France. Correspondent of
Linnaeus. , Observations sur les plantesGuettard, Jean Etienne
Observations sur les plantes,
I-II (Paris 1747). .
P.S. Osbeck also has in his possession Heinrich Bernhard RuppeRuppe, Heinrich Bernhard
(1688-1719). German. Student of
medicine, botanist, author of the
Flora Jenensis (1718). , Flora JenensisRuppe, Heinrich Bernhard
Flora Jenensis; sive Enumeratio
plantarum tam sponte circa Ienam, &
in locis vicinis nascentium, quam in
hortis obviarum, methodo conveniente in
classes distributa, figurisque rariorum
aeneis ornata; in usum botanophilorum
Jenensium ed. multisque edita
(Frankfurt & Leipzig 1718). , Elias TillandzTillandz, Elias (1640-1693).
Swedish. Botanist, professor of
medicine, Åbo. , Icones novae in usum selectaeTilliandz, Elias Erici Icones
novae in usum selectae, et catalogo
plantarum promiscue appensae (Abo,
1683). , Olof BromeliusBromelius, Olof (1639-1705).
Swedish. Physician, botanist,
Gothenburg. , Chloris gothicaBromelius, Olof Chloris
gothica, seu catalogus stirpium circa
Gothoburgum nascentium [... ]. Det
är ett register uppå de
örter, buskar och träd, som
wäxa wilt kring om
1694). , Martin Daniel JohreniusJohrenius, Martin Daniel
(?-1718). German. Professor of botany
at Frankfurt/Oder. , Vade mecum botanicumJohrenius, Martin Daniel Vade
mecum botanicum : seu hodegus
botanicus,[ ... ] quo, [...] qui studio
herbas quaesitum eunt, [... ]plantarum
cognitionem acquirere pollunt
(Colberg, ). . The quotations from Hortus Cliffortianus Linnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford (Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328. in his letter from Cadiz, Osbeck had found in Guettard’s Observations sur les plantes, and what was mentioned from Caspar BauhinBauhin, Caspar (1560-1624).
Swiss. Botanist and physician, Basle.
Bauhin’s Prodromus and Pinax
theatri botanici (1620, 1623, 1671)
were important works in the field of
botanical nomenclature. , he had borrowed from a copy of Herman Boerhaave’sBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. Index alter plantarumBoerhaave, Herman Index alter
plantarum quae in horto academico
Lugduno Batavo aluntur, I-II (Leiden
1720). during his stay in Cadiz.