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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L1598 • Peter Collinson to Carl Linnaeus, 26 June 1753 n.s.
Dated June 26: 1753. Sent from London (Great Britain) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in English.

upSUMMARY

On March 7, 1753, Peter CollinsonCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
wrote a letter to Linnaeus [Collinson means his letter to Linnaeus, dated 8 May 1753Letter L1592] which was sent through Peter BorgströmBorgström, Peter (?-1775).
Swedish. Probably secretary at the
Swedish East India Company.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
.

First, Collinson congratulates Linnaeus for being elected a member of the Royal SocietyRoyal Society, London,
British. The Royal Society was founded
in Oxford in 1645 and sanctioned as a
royal society in 1662.
.

Next, Collinson again describes the complex affair around Mark CatesbyísCatesby, Mark (1682-1749).
British. Naturalist and artist. Best
known for his illustrated work The
Natural history of Carolina, Florida and
the Bahama islands
(1736-1743).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
work [Collinson refers to Catesbyís The Natural history of CarolinaCatesby, Mark The Natural
history of Carolina, Florida and the
Bahama Islands: containing the figures
of birds, beasts, fishes, serpents,
insects and plants: particularly the
forest-trees, shrubs, and other plants,
not hitherto described, or very
incorrectly figured by authors. Together
with their descriptions in English and
French. To which are added observations
on the air, soil, and wate: with remarks
upon agriculture, grain, pulse, roots,
&c. To the whole is prefixed a new
and correct map of the countries treated
of
, I-II (London 1731-1743).
], two volumes of which were kept and paid for by Charles De GeerDe Geer, Charles (1720-1778).
Swedish. Entomologist and natural
history collector, Leufsta Bruk. Member
of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
in Stockholm and Académie des
sciences, Paris. Corresponded with
Réaumur, Bonnet and other
naturalists. Husband of Catharina
Charlotta Ribbing and father of Emanuel
De Geer. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, and the third kept by Linnaeus to be introduced into the library of Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Uppsala,
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
]. If Linnaeus had written to Collinson for a copy of the two remaining volumes for the Society, everything would have been all right.

As it is, four years afterwards, Collinson must conclude that one volume has been lost and that he has not got his money, two guineas, for that volume. Gottfried KiesewetterKiesewetter, Gottfried (?-?).
?. Academy bookseller 1735-1757,
publisher of Linnaeusís Philosophia
botanica
(1751).
had said that he gave it to Jennings & FinlayFinlay & Jennings,
Swedish. Trading company, Stockholm.
Conducted by Robert Finlay, Frans
Jennings and his son John Jennings.
to be delivered to Collinson, but Collinson never received it. Collinson urges Linnaeus to settle the matter, for it was Linnaeus who originally ordered the three volumes.

Collinson is surprised that he cannot find Xantoxilon mentioned in any of Linnaeusís works. It was published by Catesby, and Collinson encloses characters by Cadwallader ColdenColden, Cadwallader
(1688-1776). American. Physician of
Scottish origin, botanist, physicist,
politician. Lieutenant governor of New
York. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and by Philip MillerMiller, Philip (1691-1771).
British. Gardener of the Chelsea Physic
Garden. Corresponded with many
botanists. His rich herbarium was sold
to Joseph Banks. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
.

Collinson has not had a letter from Linnaeus for a long time. He is eager to hear what new things Linnaeus has discovered and what works he is planning.

Linnaeusís friends in England want to see Linnaeusís travel reports [Collinson refers to Öländska och gothländska resaLinnaeus, Carl
Öländska och
Gothländska Resa på Riksens
högloflige ständers befallning
förrättad åhr 1741. Med
anmärkningar uti oeconomien,
natural-historien, antiquiteter &c
med åtskillige figurer

(Stockholm & Uppsala 1745). Soulsby
no. 202.
, Wäst-göta-resaLinnaeus, Carl
Wäst-göta-resa på
riksens högloflige ständers
befallning förrättad år
1746. Med anmärkningar uti
oeconomien, naturkunnogheten,
antiquiteter, inwånarnes seder och
lefnads-sätt
(Stockholm 1747).
and Skånska resaLinnaeus, Carl Skånska
resa, på höga
öfwerhetens befallning
förrättad år 1749. Med
rön och anmärkningar uti
oeconomien, naturalier, antiquiteter,
seder, lefnadssätt
(Stockholm
1751). Soulsby no. 209.
] published in Latin or in French, for the benefit of people outside Sweden.

P.S.1. Collinson tells that Hans SloaneSloane, Hans (1660-1753).
British. Physician, naturalist and
collector. Secretary of the Royal
Society in 1693, president in 1727.
Sloaneís collections of natural history
objects were donated to the English
nation and were one of cornerstones of
the British Museum (1759). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
died in January and that Parliament paid 20,000 pounds for his collection. However, Collinson had heard from Sloane that it had cost him 50,000 pounds.

P. S. 2. Collinson had written to Linnaeus through Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
last July and sent Coldenís work New principles of action in matter [Collinson refers to Coldenís The Principles of Action in MatterColden, Cadwallader The
Principles of Action in Matter, the
Gravitation of Bodies, and the Motion of
the Planets, explained from those
principles
(London, 1751).
] as a gift to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences [Kungliga Svenska VetenskapsakademienKungliga Svenska Vetenskapsakademien,
Swedish. The Royal Swedish
Academy of Sciences, Stockholm. Founded
in 1739.
]. Collinson hopes Linnaeus received the letter, which also contained a letter to Pehr Wilhelm WargentinWargentin, Pehr Wilhelm
(1717-1783). Swedish. Astronomer and
statistician. Secretary of the Royal
Swedish Academy of Sciences since 1749.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, dated 30 October 1752, with thanks for Collinsonís election to that Academy.

P. S. 3.Collinson had written again to Linnaeus on March 7, 1753 [Collinson means his letter to Linnaeus, dated 8 May 1753Letter L1592], sent through Borgström and containing some seeds [see Borgström to Linnaeus, 16 August, 1753Letter L1633. It was to be forwarded by the first ship. In the same package, there are also letters for Pehr KalmKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, XVII, 31-33). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

upEDITIONS

1. A selection (1821), vol. 1, p. 25   p.25.