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Link: • Peter Collinson to Carl Linnaeus, 20 September 1753 n.s.
Dated Sepr:20th:1753. Sent from London (Great Britain) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in English.


Peter CollinsonCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
uses what he thinks will be the last ship of the season and sends Linnaeus a book [Collinson refers to Thomas ShortShort, Thomas (1690?-1772).
British. Physician.
, Medicina BritannicaShort, Thomas Medicina
Britannica: or A treatise on such
physical plants, as are generally to be
found in the fields or gardens in
Great-Britain : containing a particular
account of their nature, virtues, and
uses. Together with the observations of
the most learned physicians, as well
ancient as modern, communicated to the
late ingenious Mr. Ray, and the learned
Dr. Sim. Pauli. Adapted more especially
to the occasions of those, whose
condition or situation of life deprives
them, in a great measure, of the helps
of the learned. By Tho. Short, of
Sheffield, M.D. To which is added an
appendix: containing the true
preparation, preservation, uses and
doses of most forms of remedies
necessary for private families. With a
preface by Mr. John Bartram, botanist of
Pennsylvania, and his notes throughout
the work, shewing the places where many
of the described plants are to be foun
in these parts of America, their
differences in name, appearance and
virtue, from those of the same kind in
Europe; and an appendix, containing a
description of a number of plants
peculiar to America, their uses,
virtues, &c
3rd ed.
([Philadelphia] & London, 1751).
], which John BartramBartram, John (1701-1777).
American. Botanist living in
Pennsylvania and Delaware. Father of
John Bartram the Younger and William
Bartram. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Pennsylvania had sent as a gift to Linnaeus. At its end, Linnaeus can see Bartram’s additions to the work on American plants.

Collinson also sends Linnaeus some reports on observations made by The Earl of Bute [John StuartStuart, John (1713-1792).
British. 3rd Earl of Bute. Scottish
nobleman who served as Prime Minister of
Great Britain (1762–1763) under George
] [Lord Bute to Collinson, 4 August 1753Letter L5477 and 10 August 1753Letter L5478]. They are in Bute’s handwriting, and the first is on Menispermum. Bute has it in his garden, but its characteristics are quite different from that in Johann Jacob DilleniusDillenius, Johann Jacob
(1684-1747). German/British. Studied at
Giessen. Sherardian professor of botany
at Oxford. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Hortus ElthamensisDillenius, Johann Jacob
Hortus Elthamensis (London 1732).

Then, Linnaeus will find Lord Bute’s descriptions of Cytisus and Colutras. Linnaeus will understand why new descriptions are needed, and Lord Bute does not think any of the names given to these plants is sufficiently expressive.

Lord Bute has also made some remarks on an Apocinon with purple flowers that is 15 feet high in Collinson’s garden. Collinson also encloses a specimen of its flowers.

Collinson again returns to the matter of the missing payment for the volume by Mark CatesbyCatesby, Mark (1682-1749).
British. Naturalist and artist. Best
known for his illustrated work The
Natural history of Carolina, Florida and
the Bahama islands
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and mentions that he has already written two letters to Linnaeus [Collinson to Linnaeus, 8 May 1753Letter L1592, 26 June 1753Letter L1598 about it. The letters were given to Peter BorgströmBorgström, Peter (?-1775).
Swedish. Probably secretary at the
Swedish East India Company.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
to be mailed, so Linnaeus must have received them [see Borgström to Linnaeus, 16 August, 1753Letter L1633]. Collinson is very anxious to hear from Linnaeus and to have the issue settled.

In the first of these letters, Collinson had told Linnaeus that he had been unanimously elected a member of the Royal SocietyRoyal Society, London,
British. The Royal Society was founded
in Oxford in 1645 and sanctioned as a
royal society in 1662.

Collinson was very glad to see the first volume of Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 480.
, and he congratulates Linnaeus on it. He wishes God will let Linnaeus finish the work.


a. original holograph (LS, XVII, 35-36). [1] [2] [3]


1. A selection (1821), vol. 1, p. 25-26   p.25  p.26.