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Link: • Johan Frederik Gronovius to Carl Linnaeus, 18 December 1753 n.s.
Dated 18 Decemb. 1753.. Sent from Leiden (Netherlands) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


Linnaeus no doubt recalls that Isaac LawsonLawson, Isaac (?-1747).
British. Scottish botanist and
physician. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
often talked about Johan Daniel van Portz’sPortz, Johan Daniel van
(1688-1753). Dutch?.
collection. Portz died six months ago. In March the following year his collection will be sold. Gronovius congratulates Linnaeus on his Museum TessinianumLinnaeus, Carl Museum
Tessinianum, opera illustrissimi comitis
Dom. Car. Gust. Tessin [...]
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 1081.
; Gronovius is grateful for having been mentioned several times in this work. Portz’s library was sold at a public auction two months ago. The two foremost works in the collection were Martin Lister’sLister, Martin (1638-1712).
British. Naturalist.
“Historia Conchyliorum” [Martini Lister, Historiae sive synopsis methodicae ConchyliorumLister, Martin Martini
Lister, Historiae sive synopsis
methodicae Conchyliorum quorum omnium
(London, 1685-[1692]).
] and Hans Sloane’sSloane, Hans (1660-1753).
British. Physician, naturalist and
collector. Secretary of the Royal
Society in 1693, president in 1727.
Sloane’s collections of natural history
objects were donated to the English
nation and were one of cornerstones of
the British Museum (1759). Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
, “Historia Jamaica” [Gronovius refers to Catalogus plantarum quae in insula Jamaica sponte proveniuntSloane, Hans Catalogus
plantarum quae in insula Jamaica sponte
proveniunt, vel vulgò coluntur :
cum earundem synomymis & locis
natalibus; adjectis aliis quibusdam
quæ in insulis Maderæ,
Barbados, Nieves, & Sancti
Christophori nascuntur. Seu Prodromi
historiæ naturalis Jamaicae pars
(London, [1696]).
]. Gronovius bought Johann Joachim Lange’sSloane, Hans , “Historia lapidum Helveticorum” [Gronovius refers presumably to Vollständiges Mineralien-CabinetLange, Johann Joachim
Mineralien-Cabinet, [...] : welches
verschiedene Kenner aus allen
Ländern Europä und den
übrigen Welttheilen [...] zusammen
gebracht und zuletzt [...] A.H. Decker
besessen: mit einer Vorrede und
Verzeichniss der Oerter zum Druck
befördert von J.J.L.
] and Edward LhwydLhwyd, Edward (1660_1709).
British. Antiquary, geologist, botanist
and philologist, keeper of the Ashmolean
Museum, Oxford. He travelled extensively
in Wales to collect material for his
drawings and paintings.
, “Lithophylacium Britannicum” [Lithophylacii Britannici ichnographiaLhwyd, Edward Lithophylacii
Britannici ichnographia. Sive lapidum
aliorumque fossilium Britannicorum
singulari figura insignium [...]
distributio classica [...] cum locis
singulorum natalibus [...] Additis
rariorum aliquot figuris aere incisis;
cum epistolis ad clarissimos viros de
quibusdam circa marina fossilia et
stirpes minerales praesertim
(London, 1699)
]. Valkenerius’s [Peter ValckenierValckenier, Peter Dutch. ] collection of petrefacts had come to Portz through an inheritance; Johann Jacob ScheuchzerScheuchzer, Johann Jacob
(1672-1733). Swiss. Naturalist,
physician, historian, mathematician,
founder of palaeontology. Brother of
Johann Scheuchzer.
often mentions it in his works. However, it cannot be sold, since it is entailed property.

Gronovius read Linnaeus’s Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 480.
with great joy. Gronovius has collected lots of grasses; he asks Linnaeus about the specific names. He will send the grasses to Linnaeus, who together with Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
can choose what they want for their herbaria. Gronovius has heard nothing from America or England. In England all Gronovius’s contacts have died except Peter CollinsonCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.

The previous week Gronovius heard a speech by Eric LambergLamberg, Eric (1719-1790).
Swedish. Theologian, court preacher in
1755, bishop in Gothenburg in 1760.
in honour of the newborn Swedish princess [Sofia AlbertinaSofia Albertina, (1753-1829).
Swedish. Princess. Daughter of King
Adolf Fredrik and Queen Lovisa Ulrika,
sister of Gustav III and Karl XIII.
; the speech was published in 1754, Oratio panegyrica in [... ] natales Sophiae Albertinae] Principis Regni Suio-Gothici HereditariaeLamberg, Eric Oratio
panegyrica in [... ] natales Sophiae
Albertinae Principis Regni Suio-Gothici
Hereditariae, quam, in [...] Academia
Lugduno-Batava, ad diem XIII. Decembris,
anni 1753, habuit E. L.
]. This happened in the presence of all the professors and representatives from the Magistrate [of Leiden].

No doubt Linnaeus already knows that the third volume of Gerard van Swieten’sSwieten, Gerhard van
(1700-1772). Dutch. Pupil of Boerhaave.
Called by Maria Theresa to Vienna, where
he organised the public health system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
commentaries on Herman Boerhaave’sBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Commentaria in Hermanni Boerhaave aphorismos de cognoscendis et curandis morbisBoerhaave, Herman & Gerhard van
Commentaria in Hermanni
Boerhaave aphorismos de cognoscendis et
curandis morbis
, 5 vols. (Leiden,
has been published. Gronovius asks Linnaeus to tell Charles De GeerDe Geer, Charles (1720-1778).
Swedish. Entomologist and natural
history collector, Leufsta Bruk. Member
of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
in Stockholm and Académie des
sciences, Paris. Corresponded with
Réaumur, Bonnet and other
naturalists. Husband of Catharina
Charlotta Ribbing and father of Emanuel
De Geer. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
that Pieter van MusschenbroekMusschenbroek, Pieter van
(1692-1761). Dutch. Physicist,
naturalist. Professor of philosophy and
mathematics at Duisburg, Utrecht and
Leiden. One of the pioneers of modern
experimental physics.
will send him a catalogue of Portz’s collection as soon as it is printed. Gronovius is sorry that Musschenbroek has been at Leiden without visiting him, since they are related.


a. original holograph (LS, V, 512-513). [1] [2] [3]