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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L1733 • Carl Linnaeus to Abraham Bäck, 8 March 1754 n.s.
Dated 8 Martii 1754. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Viro incomparabili,
D[omino] D[octori] ABR[AHAM] BAECK,
Amico integerrimo,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
C[arolus]Linnaeus.

Dicas mihi, quantum dedisti pro Langii libello, ut pecunias mox reddam simulque grates pro studio indefesso inserviendi amico.

Semina mihi salivam movent; ea avidissime cum Langio hodie exspecto; plantas vivas certissime, si vixero, reddam cum tabellario.

Arthanitae s[ive] Cyclaminis radix, de qua in praecedenti epistola quaerebas, dubia est medicina et anceps.

Recens enim acerrima est, sicca sine acredine et demum omnino iners.

Cocta esculenta evadit uti Lathyrus tuberosus s[ive] Ärtmoss, adeoque in officinis Lathyri tuberosi radix saepe substituitur.

Recens purgat cum inflamatione primarum viarum.

Sicca magis mitescit. Antiqua certe ne minimum purgat.

Succus e recenti expressus cataplasmatis forma, et extus potens repellens in scirrhis et tumoribus induratis.

Abdominis illinitus purgat, et V[erme]s hydropicorum per alvum expellit.

Unguentum arthanitae debet e radice recenti preparari. Illud purgat ob plurima additamenta, praesertim ob o°o Tilli.

Saepe drasticum evadit et abdomini inunctum vomitus caussat.

Scripsi ante octiduum de D[omino] Scheidenburg, et submisse petii consilium, qua ratione ejus iter ad C[aput] B[onae] Spei posset promoveri; petii per Te, amice colendissime, consilium Illustr[issimi] Comitis Tessin; ad haec non respondere voluisti, quod doleo.

Mitto miseram paginam dissertationis, in quo infelix Tui mentionem injeci. Doleo, quod haec tam aegre tulisti, ut Te offenderim.

Dabam d[ie] 8 Martii 1754.

Archiatren
Wälborne H[err] Doctor Baeck
Stockholm.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus wants to know how much Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
has given for the book by Carl Nicolaus LangLang, Carl Nicolaus
(1670-1741). Swiss.
[Linnaeus refers to the Methodus nova et facilis testacea marinaLang, Carl Nicolaus Methodus
nova et facilis testacea marina [...] in
suas debitas et distinctas classes,
genera, et species distribuendi

(Luzern, 1722).
]. He will refund him, and he thanks him for his help.

Linnaeus is eagerly waiting to receive the book together with some seeds, and if he lives he will return living plants to Bäck.

The root of Arthanita is an uncertain drug. Bäck has asked about it, and Linnaeus says that it is very bitter and, if it is dried, it has no effect at all.

Cocta esculenta is very similar to Lathyrus tuberosus, so it is often substituted for it. It is good when new, but it has less power when dried and none at all when it is old. Juice pressed from the fresh root is active against hard tumours and worms.

An ointment of Arthanita should be made from fresh roots. It is effective, and causes vomiting if it is applied to the abdomen.

A week earlier, Linnaeus had written to Bäck [Linnaeus to Bäck, 26 February 1754Letter L1711] about Daniel ScheidenburgScheidenburg, Daniel (1720-?).
Swedish. Clergyman. Studied under
Linnaeus. Chaplain at the Swedish
legation in Madrid. Copied Pehr
Löfling’s manuscripts.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and asked Bäck to try to get Carl Gustaf Tessin’sTessin, Carl Gustaf
(1695-1770). Swedish. Count, important
politician and patron of science and
art. He supported Swedish artists and
scientists and collected art, books and
natural history objects. He assisted
Linnaeus’s career in many ways. Married
to Lovisa Ulrica Tessin. Uncle to
Fredrik Sparre. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
advice on how Scheidenburg’s journey to the Cape of Good Hope could be facilitated. Bäck has not answered, which does not please Linnaeus.

Linnaeus sends Bäck a page from a dissertation where Linnaeus had happened to mention Bäck [Linnaeus refers to Censura medicamentorum simplicium vegetabiliumLinnaeus, Carl Censura
medicamentorum simplicium
vegetabilium
, diss., resp. G. J.
Carlbohm (Uppsala, 1753). Soulsby no.
1786.
. Bäck’s plan with the forthcoming pharmacopeia [Pharmacopoea SvecicaSchulz von Schulzenheim, David
Pharmacopoea Svecica (Stockholm,
1775)
] was announced in the prologue, but when Linnaeus distributed a copy of the dissertation to Bäck, the first page was gone]. Bäck had been offended by this, which Linnaeus regrets.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnés arkiv). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1910), vol. I:4, p. 263-264   p.263  p.264.