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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L1830 • Carl Linnaeus to Abraham Bäck, 1 October 1754 n.s.
Dated 1754 d. 1 octobr.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Amico integerrimo,
D[omino] D[octori] BAECK,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
C[arolus] Linnaeus.

Quod ultimo me hospitio lectoque Tuo excipere non detractasti, plurimum Tibi me debere, gratus agnosco.

Vermiculos a Te mihi traditos probe examinavi cum D[omi]no Rolandro et constitit, uti dixeram, quod essent larvae Phalaenae pinguivorae F[au]n[ae] Suec[icae] et Muscae carnivorae F[au]n[ae] Suec[icae], ut de his imposterum dubium supersit nullum.

Fac, ut sciam, qua gratia Serenissimi Reges excepere collectanea D[omi]ni Dahlberg, quum Ser[enissimus] Rex possidebat antea fere omnia ab eo collecta. Superfluum duxi una petere Aulam, ut testis essem, quod eadem in ista collectione continerentur, quae antea erant in Museo Regio. Quomodo exceptus? Qua gratia? Qua spe?

Hodie, exaratis praecedentibus, accepi Tua. Miror profecto generositatem summam D[omi]ni Loewen, nec possum capere, quae liberalitas eum caperet. Quaesivi a Dalbergio, num assumeret Rolandrum, sibi destinatum a D[omi]no Ihre; ille vero regessit se scripsisse ad amicum in Belgio, quod ille procuraret sibi informatorem pro filio; dein dicebat se assumturum; sed vidi inconstantiam viri, adeoque salutem fidelis Rolandri ejus beneplacitis inedificare plurimum dubito; scripsi interim hodie ad Dahlbergium et sententiam ejus mihi expetii; hane si obtinuero, scribam mox ad D[omi]num Loewen.

Tam multa nobis potuissemus promittere ex istiusmodi itinere nova de insectorum proprietatibus, de plantarum viribus, ut forte nullibi majora.

Sed exponere D[ominu]m Rolandrum nudum non opto.

Nullus descripsit nobis plantas Surinamenses. Et si evolvas Merianae opus, videbis stupenda fugitivis oculis et turbulientibus verbis prolata de venenis animalium et plantaram, ut caetera taceam.

Si autem esset D[omi]no Dahlberg in votis, nullus dubito, quin dudum ad me scripsisset; adeoque de successu dubito. Quam autem Tu sis paratus et generosus ad promovendum res omnes, quae scientiam et artem concernunt, ex his, uti ex omnibus anteactis Tuis, satis superque vidi et video, deque Te et anima Tua candidissima mihi et omnibus Medicis gratulor.

Vale, vive ter felix!

Dabam Upsaliae 1754 d[ie] 1 octobr[is].

Archiatren
Wälborne H[err] Doctor BAECK
Stockholm Drotningholm.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus expresses his thanks to Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
for having received him during his latest visit to Stockholm.

Linnaeus has studied the worms that Bäck had given him, and assisted by Daniel RolanderRolander, Daniel (1725-1793).
Swedish. Naturalist and explorer.
Studied at Uppsala University under
Linnaeus. Went to Surinam in 1755-1756.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, he had seen that they are the larvae of Phalaena pinguivora and Musca carnivora.

Linnaeus is very eager to know how the King [Adolf FredrikAdolf Fredrik, (1710-1771).
Swedish. King of Sweden. Reigned
1751-1771. Married to Lovisa Ulrika.
Father of Gustav III. Chancellor of
Uppsala university 1747-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] and the Queen [Lovisa UlrikaLovisa Ulrika, (1720-1782).
Swedish. Queen of Sweden 1751-1771.
Married to Adolf Fredrik. Mother of
Gustav III. Sister of Fredric II of
Prussia. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] had accepted Carl Gustaf DahlbergísDahlberg, Carl Gustaf (?-?).
Swedish. Colonel and owner of a
plantation in Surinam. Daniel Rolander
went to Surinam to serve as tutor for
Dahlbergís children. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, collection, since almost all those species are already in their museum. Linnaeus had considered it superfluous to be at the Court when the sending was opened and to see for himself what was already represented in the Royal museum.

The mail has just arrived, since the first part of this was written, bringing a letter from Bäck [this letter has not come down to us]. Linnaeus is surprised at what Bäck reported on Johan LöwenLöwen, Johan (1697-1775).
Swedish. Marshal of the court.
ís generosity.

Linnaeus has written to Dalberg and asked him if he accepted Rolander, whom Johan IhreIhre, Johan (1707-1780).
Swedish. Philologist. Professor of Latin
and later of eloquence and political
science at Uppsala.
had suggested. Linnaeus is not sure that Dalberg really can reach a decision, and Linnaeus hesitates to build Rolanderís future on so vague prospects. However, Linnaeus has written to Dalberg and asked him for his views, and when Linnaeus gets an answer he will contact Löwen again.

Linnaeus is aware that the journey, for which Rolander has been suggested, would bring lots of new information on insects and plants, but he is not willing to expose Rolander to dangers. The plants of Surinam have not been described, and Maria Sibylla MerianMerian, Maria Sibylla
(1647-1717). German. Entomologist and
artist. Published Metamorphosis
insectorum Surinamensium
(1705).
ís work is full of remarkable facts about poisonous plants and animals, told after superficial investigations and in broad outline.

The main reason why Linnaeus hesitates is that he has not heard anything from Dalberg, so he is not sure of success. Bäck is an example of the contrary: Linnaeus has seen, and sees, how much Bäck cares for his profession and for science, and Linnaeus congratulates himself and the medical profession on Bäckís attitude.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original (KVA). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1910), vol. I:4, p. 306-307   p.306  p.307.