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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L1881 • Carl Linnaeus to François Boissier de La Croix de Sauvages, 20 March 1755 n.s.
Dated 1755 d. 20 Martii. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Montpellier (France). Written in Latin.

Illustrissimo Amico,
D[omino] D[octori] FR[ANCISCO] de SAUVAGES
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
Car[olus] Linnaeus, Eques.

Mitto aliquot semina ex horto meo Hyemali, quae neque ex Horto Dei legere. Tu has [sic] aequi bonique excipias.

Uxor mea laboravit dira amphimerina duplicata petechizante, e quo convaluit et ego pristino animo restitutus. Febris exacerbata quavis vespera hora 5; paroxysmus durabat in horam 7 vespertinam per duas horas. Alter paroxysmus eadem vespera insurgebat hora noctis undecima; durabat in horam matutinam 7 vel in meridiem. Alternis diebus paroxysmi duplo vehementiores fuere. Solvebatur demum morbus vomitu et exscreatu per pulmones viscidi sive glutinosi insignis copiae. Quibus sibi relinquebatur morbus, diarrhaea molestabat. Quibus vero non diarrhaea illis petechia. Ultra 300 homines mense Octobris, Novembris, Decembris hoc morbo laborabant, sed vix alii quam qui se aeri nebuloso admodum exposuere.

Hyem[s] fuit mitissima, sed protrahitur in tempus vernales [sic] plus solito, ut vix signum adhuc liquescentis ad parietes nivis appareat. Gradus frigoris in thermometro nostro (ubi 100 aqua coquens, 0 punctum congelationis), numquam ultra 21 gradus frigoris, cum tamen vehemens frigus apud nos 30 attingat; mediocris hyems 25.

Florae Suecicae altera jam sudat editio distractis omnibus apud nos exemplaribus.

Accepi Gronovii Museum de piscibus, folio; parvus tamen liber cum paucis figuris. Prodiit praeterito anno, et optime est conscriptus. Et hic filius Gronovii Botanici, Authoris floris Virginicae.

Accepi tertium tomum Seguieri de plantis Veronensibus, in quo varias pulchras observo species, nonnullas pulchre illustratas.

Zinnanni liber in folio de plantis submarinis et testis concharum rarioribus sudat Venetiis. Ego non capio, quomodo hic author praestabit 114 plantas submarinas, nisi varietates velit. Opto itaque librum obtinere.

Browne Civil and Natural History of Jamaica sudat Londini in folio. Novi juvenem virum, qui 1735 una sub Boerhavio medicinae operam dedit; fuit juvenis honestis [sic] et acutus. Ejus tabulas ad opus pertinentes incisas de Insectis vidit Gronovius et laudat.

Cum ante mensem eram ad aulam, deposui libros apud D[ominum] Grill pro tuis libris, quos promisit mox missurum ad D[ominum] Holm a Cette, uti inclusa syngrapha indicat, quam tradas D[omino] Holm, qui mox pecunias numerabit.

In hisce terris nihil novi. Avide exspecto frondescentiam. Utinam velles observare, quando arbores Tuae, quae ejusdem speciei sunt cum nostratibus sylvestribus, incipiunt folia promere prima!

Royenus professionem Botanices reseravit; successit ex fratre filius.

Vivas felix cum dulcissima familia et uxore ac liberis suavissimis, quibus meam dicas devotissimam salutem.

Dabam Upsaliae 1755 d[ie] 20 martii.

A Monsieur
Monsieur Fr[ançois] de Sauvages
le Botaniste tres illustre
Montpellier

upSUMMARY

From his winter garden Linnaeus sends seeds that François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
cannot find in Montpellier. Linnaeus’s wife [Sara Elisabet MoraeaMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeus’s wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.
] has been seriously ill in a fever that Linnaeus describes as amphimerina duplicata petechizans. She has now recovered; Linnaeus describes the symptoms in detail.

The winter has been very mild and never colder than –21 degrees Celsius.

A second edition of Flora Svecica 2nd ed.Linnaeus, Carl Flora Svecica
: exhibens plantas per regnum Sveciae
crescentes, systematice cum differentiis
specierum, synonymis autorum, nominibus
incolarum, solo locorum, usu
oeconomorum, officinalibus
pharmacopaeorum
2nd ed. (Stockholm
1755). Soulsby no. 409.
is being printed. Linnaeus has received Musaeum de Piscibus [Linnaeus means the Museum icthyologicumGronovius, Laurens Theodor
Museum icthyologicum, sistens piscium
indigenorum et quorundam exoticorum qui
in museo L. T. Gronovii adservantur
descriptiones [... ] Accedunt nonullorum
exoticorum piscium icones aeri
incisae
, 2 vol. (Leiden 1754).
], a work by Laurens Theodor GronoviusGronovius, Laurens Theodor
(1730-1777). Dutch. Naturalist. Senator
of Leiden. Son of Johan Frederik
Gronovius. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, son of Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, author of the Flora VirginicaGronovius, Johan Frederik
Flora Virginica, exhibens plantas
quas v.c. Johannes Clayton in Virginia
observavit atque collegit. Easdem
methodo sexuali disposuit, ad genera
propria retulit, nominibus specificis
insignavit, & minus cognitas
descripsit J. F. Gronovius
, I-II
(Leiden 1739-1743).
.

He has also received the third tome of Jean François Séguier’sSéguier, Jean François
(1703-1784). French. Antiquarian
and botanist, Nimes. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
Plantae VeronensesSéguier, Jean François
Plantae Veronenses seu Stirpium
quae in agro Veronensi reperiuntur
methodica synopsis. [...] Accedit
ejusdem Bibliothecae botanicae
supplementum
, I-III (Verona
1745-1754).
.

In Venice, Giuseppe Ginanni’sGinanni, Giuseppe (1692-1753).
Italian. Botanist, Ravenna.
work on 114 submarine plants [Linnaeus refers to the Opere postume, nella quali si contengono 114 piante che vegetano nel mare AdriaticoGinanni, Giuseppe Opere
postume, nella quali si contengono 114
piante che vegetano nel mare Adriatico,
nella paludi e nel territorio di
Ravenna, coll’ istoria d’alcuni
insetti
(Venedig, 1755-1757).
] is being printed.

In London Patric Browne’sBrowne, Patrick (1720-1790).
Irish. Botanist who made six voyages to
the West Indies. In 1756 he published
The Civil and natural history of
Jamaica
(1756). Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
The Civil and natural history of JamaicaBrowne, Patrick The Civil and
natural history of Jamaica: in three
parts: containing, I. An accurate
description of that island [...] with a
brief account of its former and present
state, government, revenues, produce,
and trade: II. A history of the natural
productions [...] native fossils [...]:
III: An account of the nature of
climates in general, and their
different effects upon the human
body
(London 1756).
is being printed. Linnaeus knows the latter from his time in Holland; Browne studied medicine under Herman BoerhaaveBoerhaave, Herman (1668-1738).
Dutch. Professor of medicine, botany and
chemistry at Leiden. One of the most
influential professors of medicine of
the eighteenth century. Linnaeus visited
him during his stay in Holland.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in 1735. He was an honest and acute student.

Linnaeus has seen to it that Sauvages will be paid for the books sold in Sweden, in accordance with the enclosed statement of account and with the assistance of Claes GrillGrill, Claes (1705-1767).
Swedish. Merchant, owner of the iron
works of Söderfors, Österby
and Iggesund. Director of the Swedish
East India Company. Also known as an art
collector and patron of arts and
sciences. Brother of Anthoni Grill and
Johan Abraham Grill. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
and Christian HolmHolm, Christian Swedish.
Consul, Sêté.
.

Linnaeus is impatiently waiting for spring. Would Sauvages oblige him by reporting when trees also existing here in Sweden get their leaves in Montpellier?

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (UUB, Waller Ms se-01917). [1] [2] [3] [4]