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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L1977 • Johannes Burman to Carl Linnaeus, 15 November 1755 n.s.
Dated 15 Novembr. 1755. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to (). Written in Latin.

upSUMMARY

Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is grateful for the letter from Linnaeus, which he just received [this letter has not come down to us], but it hurts him to find that he cannot get the dried plants Linnaeus had collected for him owing to the unfavourable time of the year. He hopes that they will not be damaged and that he can receive them in early spring. Perhaps Linnaeus will have the opportunity to add more plants.

Burman received a lot of rare dried plants from Jakarta this autumn, unfortunately only one of each. If there are any important ones, Burman will send seeds and roots, which he also has received, in the spring.

Burman also sends the first fascicle of the American plants [Burman refers to his editing of the Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimusPlumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
Burmannus
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
], which now is complete. Burman will add a foreword, and he asks Linnaeus for his opinion of the work. Burman also sends three plates of the following fascicle, which will be ready this spring. All the plates are engraved, but there are problems with Plumierís Aster species, and Burman asks Linnaeus to examine them carefully and give appropriate names to them according to his method. Burman hopes that if Linnaeusís authority favours Burmanís work, other friends will approve of it, too.

Burman has also paid for the engraving of rare and exotic plants to be inserted in the third tome of the Hortus AmstelodamensisCommelin, Caspar Horti medici
Amstelaedamensis plantae rariores et
exoticae
(Leiden 1706).
[vol. I was published in 1697, Horti medici Amstelodamensis [...] descriptioCommelin, Jan Horti medici
Amstelodamensis rariorum tam Orientalis
quam Occidentalis Indiae, aliarumque
peregrinarum plantarum, magno studio ac
labore, sumptibus civitatis
Amstelodamensis, longa annorum serie
collectarum, descriptio et icones ad
vivum aeri incisae. Auctore Joanne
Commelino [...] Opus posthumum,
Latinitate donatum, notisque &
observationibus illustratum, a Frederico
Ruyschio [...] & Francisco
Kiggelario
, I-II (Amsterdam
1697-1701).
, vol. II in 1706; there was no third volume]. He will send a specimen of them to Linnaeus this spring, and hopes that Linnaeus will examine them and tell his opinion.

Burman will dedicate his first fascicle [Burman refers to the Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
Burmannus
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
], to George CliffordClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeusís benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, who is very well and having, considering his age, good health. Burman will dedicate the second to Linnaeus hoping that it will please him.

Burman has forgotten to add the illustration of the Japanese Radix Ninzin to Het auctuarium [Burman refers to his commentary on Georg Eberhard Rumpfís Herbarium AmboinenseRumpf, Georg Eberhard
Herbarium Amboinense, plurimas
conplectens arbores, fructices, herbas,
plantas terrestres & aquaticas, quae
in Amboina et adjacentibus reperiuntur
insulis [...] Omnia [...] Belgice
conscripsit G. E. Rumphius [...] Nunc
primum in lucem edidit, & in Latinum
sermonem vertit Joannes Burmannus [...]
qui varia adjecit synonyma, suasque
observationes
, I-VII (Amsterdam
1741-1755).
].

Burman has not dared to offer his books to the Swedish king, [Adolf FredrikAdolf Fredrik, (1710-1771).
Swedish. King of Sweden. Reigned
1751-1771. Married to Lovisa Ulrika.
Father of Gustav III. Chancellor of
Uppsala university 1747-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
], as Laurens Theodor GronoviusGronovius, Laurens Theodor
(1730-1777). Dutch. Naturalist. Senator
of Leiden. Son of Johan Frederik
Gronovius. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
did. He asks Linnaeus to propose it when he has the opportunity to talk informally to the king. Burman eagerly wants to see the first tome of the Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis SuecorumLinnaeus, Carl Museum S:ae
R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis
Suecorum [...] in quo animalia rariora
imprimis et exotica: quadrupedia, aves,
amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes
describuntur et determinantur, Latine et
Suetice cum iconibus
(Stockholm
1754).
.

Burman is glad to hear that the succulent plants germinate and grow. He can send more when spring comes.

The plants mentioned in his previous letter, sent in an earthenware pot, belong to the Arctotheca and are the same that Linnaeus sent him in his last letter. Burman has more of that genus which he can send.

Atropha, which was depicted by Louis Econches FeuilléeFeuillée, Louis Econches
(1660-1732). French. Clergyman,
explorer, astronomer and botanist.
, grows in Burmanís garden, having twice the height of a man.

Burman supposes he sent Linnaeus a Stapelia from the Cape of Good Hope, which can be found in his Rariorum Africanarum plantarum, ad vivum delineatarum, iconibus ac descriptionibus illustratarum decas prima-[decima]Burman, Johannes Rariorum
Africanarum plantarum, ad vivum
delineatarum, iconibus ac
descriptionibus illustratarum decas
prima-[decima]
(Amsterdam
1738-1739).
. Burman can forward bulbs from there.

Burman is also in communication with the island Ambon and India. From Jakarta he has received very rare and precious shells.

Johann Christian CunoCuno, Johann Christian
(1708-1790). German. Poet, botanist and
merchant. He made a fortune in the West
Indies and settled in Holland where he
kept a botanical garden. The later years
of his life were spent in Weingarten,
near Durlach in Germany. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
sends his compliments to Linnaeus and mentions that the elder Gronovius, Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeusís benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is feeble and weak.

Burman has seen different species of bulbs from the Cape flower in his garden.

Finally, Burman wants to know Linnaeusís opinion about some flowers grown from a bulb from the Cape of Good Hope. He cannot compare it with any other plant of this family.

In a postscript, Burman mentions that he adds two flowers from Cuno for examination, and two hyacinths from the Cape.

[2004-07-11]

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, II, 371-372). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 68-71   p.68  p.69  p.70  p.71.