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Link: • Johannes Burman to Carl Linnaeus, 23 March 1756 n.s.
Dated 23 Mart. 1756. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to (). Written in Latin.


Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is grateful for Linnaeus’s letter [this letter has not come down to us] and his observations. Burman now sends the last illustrations of the third fascicle [Burman refers to his editing of the Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
], and as soon as he has received Linnaeus’s comments the printing will begin.

This week Burman will send, through Pierre BalguerieBalguerie, Pierre (1679-1759).
French. Swedish agent in Amsterdam.
Father of Daniel Balguerie.
, exotic seeds, most of them from Java. He also will send two excellent copies of the two first fascicles, one for Linnaeus and one for the king [Adolf FredrikAdolf Fredrik, (1710-1771).
Swedish. King of Sweden. Reigned
1751-1771. Married to Lovisa Ulrika.
Father of Gustav III. Chancellor of
Uppsala university 1747-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
]. He also adds ten copies for those who have subscribed. He asks Linnaeus to receive the money and send it to Burman.

Burman will talk to George CliffordClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeus’s benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
when he returns, and then he will send Linnaeus the illustrations. He will also send bulbs from the Cape of Good Hope and a specimen of Aletris. He will have an illustration of it engraved.

On the plate of Bucephalum Linnaeus will see a new illustration of the fruit or siliqua.

Burman is sorry to hear that Linnaeus often suffers from migraine. Burman also suffers from it, in particular in winter. His remedy for it is diluentia [diluting the blood] and diaphoretica pediluvia [bathing the feet in hot water]. If it is persistent, they apply a plaster of Spanish flies to the nape of the neck, abstaining from study, night-work, wine and anxiety.

Linnaeus had in his letter mentioned the fever, but where Burman lives they have had no experience of it and no epidemic has been raging for some time. Burman had hoped that Linnaeus could indicate some cure for it. In Dutch Zeeland the Febris haemitritaea prevails, especially in autumn, and in 1719 Burman’s father died from it.

Burman has not yet received all of Henric Bernhard Oldenland’sOldenland, Henric Bernhard
(1663-1697). German. Botanist.
Travelled to South Africa with the Dutch
Cape Colony, where he participated in an
exploratory expedition and became land
surveyor and curator of the
Company´s Garden in Cape Town. His
uncompleted herbarium and catalogue of
the local flora was later used by, among
others, Johannes Burman.
plants [Burman refers to Oldenland’s herbarium from the Cape of Good Hope], and he asks Linnaeus to investigate what has happened to the box that he sent last year [30 September 1755Letter L1942].

Burman has received a letter from Albrecht von HallerHaller, Albrecht von
(1708-1777). Swiss. Naturalist and
poet, professor of medicine, botany,
anatomy and surgery at Göttingen
1736-1753. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, who is working on the history of Orchis [published 1760 in the “Orchidum classis constituta”Haller, Albrecht von “Orchidum
classis constituta”, Acta helvetica,

4 (Basle, 1760), 82-166.
]. Haller asks Burman to send pictures and dried specimens of plants from the Cape of Good Hope, which nobody has seen before.

Johann Gottfried ZinnZinn, Johann Gottfried
(1727-1759). German. Physician and
botanist, director of the botanical
garden of Göttingen (1753).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, professor in Göttingen, is proceeding with the history of Salvia, and Burman has sent seeds of that kind.

When Burman is writing this he receives a box from Casimir Christopher SchmidelSchmidel, Casimir Christopher
(1718-1792). German. Physician,
professor of medicine at Erlangen and
personal physician to the Duke Carl
Alexander at Ansbach. Correspondent of

Burman wants to see Linnaeus’s Flora AlpinaLinnaeus, Carl Flora
, diss., resp. N. Åmann
(Uppsala 1756). Soulsby no. 1891.
and asks him to send duplicates if he has any of that kind.


a. (LS, II, 379-380). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 76-78   p.76  p.77  p.78.