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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2096 • Carl Linnaeus to Abraham Bäck, 29 October 1756 n.s.
Dated 1756 d. 29 octobr.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Archiatro Vere Magno,
ABR[AHAM] BAECKIO,
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit].
C[arolus] Linnaeus.

Accepi priorem epistolam et hodie alteram; pro utraque devo¬tissimas reddo.

Omnes hic uno ore afferunt D[omini] Rosenii vota cecidisse. An finitis comitiis ea obtineat? Non capio.

Misi cum nave libros pro S[erenissimo] Rege. Alter est Burmanni opus editionis Plumerianae 3 partibus in folio; restant adhuc ejusmodi 13, quas mittat, prout prodeant. Optat, ut S[erenissimo] Regi placeant; et si S[erenissimo] Regi placeret ipsi offere suum Museum, esset ipsi gratia singularis vereque Regia.

Alter liber est Schaefferi S[erenissimo] Regi dicata.

Quaeso, haec offeras et mihi referas accepta.

Quod voluisti demonstrare coram Regina editionem Hasselquisti devotissimas itidem reddo; tu mihi semper sincerus; semper unicus incomparabilis amicus.

Nihil petii ab ordinibus. Nec quidquam ulterius pro Historia naturali petii aut petam. Numquam verbum de hac re dixi. Accepere satis magni viri Klingenstierna, Strömmer, Ihre, Rosen, Baerch, Wallerius, Wallerius alter, Moellercreutz. Sufficiat mihi vixisse.

Immortales itidem grates refero pro Rolandro. Locutus sum cum Celsio de eo, cum praesens hic erat; rescripsit et factum dixit, meque sibi obstrictum ideo judicavit. Si velis, mittam ejus epistolam, sed quidquid sit, laetor ex animo, quod voti compos factus sit; Tu semper Tui similis, semper constans, semper promoves artes.

Miror valde, num Rolander intellexerit Brownii opus. Si novus Cactus accedat, vereor, quod Coccionellae perierint, cum frigus non ferant.

O Bone Deus, si chirurgi et Pharmacopaei intrabunt Collegium R[egium]! Quae tempora? Non audeo me hisce sacris immiscere, sed futura tempora video; nec miror, quod Collegae Tui discedere volunt, cum absque sostro sint constituti honoris caussa assessores. Si annuum salarium obtinerent Assessores, res longe alia evaderet. Doleo et valde doleo. Si possem, vellem etiamnum disuadere filium a studio incepto Medico. Certus sum, quod Chirurgi cum Pharmacopoliis caussam agant contra Medicos quotidie.

Utinam habuissem Te Collegam, longe remotum a Collegio et aula, minori cum salario, sed tranquilliori in portu.

Accepimus quartam partem Roeselii operis de insectis; in quibus delineat varios pulcherrimos papiliones.

Ego die nocteque laboro in Systema naturae.

Vale cum nobilissima conjuge et me inter genuinos Tuos cultores numera! :

Upsal[iae] 1756 d[ie] 29 octobr[is].

Non audeo mentem meam literis committere de Collegio; vestigia terrent; posset epistola in aliorum manus cadere.

Prodiit nuper alter tomus Musei ichthyologici junioris Gronovii; quaeso, si obtineas, fac, ut videam librum quamprimum acceperis.

Archiepiscopus rediit.

Archiatren
Wälborne Hr Doctor BAECK
Stockholm.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus thanks Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
for two letters [these letters have not come down to us].

In Uppsala, everybody says that Nils Rosén von Rosénstein’sRosén von Rosenstein, Nils
(1706-1773). Swedish. Physician
and professor of medicine. Colleague of
Linnaeus at Uppsala. The founder of
modern pediatrics. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
errand has been turned down in the Swedish Riksdag. Linnaeus wonders if it can be taken up again after the session, but he does not understand it.

Linnaeus has sent by ship some books meant for the King [Adolf FredrikAdolf Fredrik, (1710-1771).
Swedish. King of Sweden. Reigned
1751-1771. Married to Lovisa Ulrika.
Father of Gustav III. Chancellor of
Uppsala university 1747-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
], among them the first three volumes of Johannes Burman’sBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
edition of Charles Plumier’sPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works.
work on American plants [Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
Burmannus
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
]. There will be thirteen more parts of that work, and they will be delivered as they appear. Linnaeus will send them to the King and hopes that the King will send Burmann a copy of Museum [Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis SuecorumLinnaeus, Carl Museum S:ae
R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis
Suecorum [...] in quo animalia rariora
imprimis et exotica: quadrupedia, aves,
amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes
describuntur et determinantur, Latine et
Suetice cum iconibus
(Stockholm
1754).
]. - The other work sent is Jacob Christian Schaeffer’sSchaeffer, Jacob Christian
(1718-1790). German. Lutheran pastor
and superintendent, Regensburg.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
work that he has dedicated to the King. Linnaeus asks Bäck to present them to the King and to tell Linnaeus that they have been accepted.

Linnaeus thanks Bäck for having introduced Fredrik Hasselqvist’sHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
report, now printed, to the Queen [Lovisa Ulrika Lovisa Ulrika, (1720-1782).
Swedish. Queen of Sweden 1751-1771.
Married to Adolf Fredrik. Mother of
Gustav III. Sister of Fredric II of
Prussia. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
].

Linnaeus has not asked for anything from the Swedish Riksdag, nor will he. Several prominent men have received grants, such as Samuel KlingenstiernaKlingenstierna, Samuel
(1698-1765). Swedish. Physicist and
mathematician, professor of experimental
physics at Uppsala. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
, Martin StrömerStrömer, Martin
(1707-1770). Swedish. Astronomer,
professor in Uppsala from 1745.
, Johan IhreIhre, Johan (1707-1780).
Swedish. Philologist. Professor of Latin
and later of eloquence and political
science at Uppsala.
, Rosén von Rosénstein, Anders BerchBerch, Anders (1711-1774).
Swedish. Professor of economics,
Uppsala.
, Johan Gottschalk WalleriusWallerius, Johan Gottschalk
(1709-1785). Swedish. Professor of
chemistry at Uppsala.
, Nils WalleriusWallerius, Nils (1706-1764).
Swedish. Professor, Uppsala, Wolffian
philosopher.
, Jonas MeldercreutzMeldercreutz, Jonas
(1715-1785). Swedish. Professor of
mathematics, Uppsala.
, but it will be enough for Linnaeus to have lived.

Linnaeus thanks Bäck for his efforts with Daniel RolanderRolander, Daniel (1725-1793).
Swedish. Naturalist and explorer.
Studied at Uppsala University under
Linnaeus. Went to Surinam in 1755-1756.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. Linnaeus has talked to Olof CelsiusCelsius, Olof (1716-1794).
Swedish. Bishop, historian, politician.
over the issue, and he has received a letter from Celsius which Linnaeus will send to Bäck if Bäck wants to see it. – Linnaeus wonders if Rolander knows Patrick Browne’sBrowne, Patrick (1720-1790).
Irish. Botanist who made six voyages to
the West Indies. In 1756 he published
The Civil and natural history of
Jamaica
(1756). Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
work.

If another Cactus arrives from Rolander, with the Coccionellae worms, Linnaeus is afraid that the worms will not have stood the cold but died.

Linnaeus is very critical of a proposal to admit surgeons and pharmacists as members of the Collegium medicumCollegium Medicum, Swedish.
The Swedish Board of Physicians,
originally Collegium medicorum, in
Stockholm, was founded in 1663.
. Linnaeus is not surprised that Bäck’s colleagues want to leave Collegium if that happens, especially as they are not paid for being members. Linnaeus is very sorry, and he would not advise his son to study medicine, but that is too late now.

Linnaeus wishes that he could have Bäck as a colleague in Uppsala. It would mean a smaller salary for Bäck and a greater distance to the Court and Collegium, but also a quieter life.

Linnaeus has received the fourth part of August Johann Rösel von Rosenhof’sRösel von Rosenhof, August
Johann
(1705-1759). German.
Naturalist and painter.
work on insects with many elegant pictures of butterflies [Insecten-BelustigungenRösel von Rosenhof, August
Johann
Der
monatlich-herausgegebenen
Insecten-Belustigung erster [-vierter]
Theil [...] Nebst einer Vorrede, in
welcher von dem Nutzen der Insecten
gehandelt, was sie seyen gezeiget, und
von der Eintheilung derselben Nachricht
gegeben wird
, 4 vol.
(Nürnberg, 1746-[1761].
].

Linnaeus works day and night on his Systema naturae,10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
]. He sends his regards to Bäck’s wife [Anna Charlotta BäckBäck, Anna Charlotta
(1737-1767). Swedish. Wife of Abraham
Bäck. Born Adlerberg.
].

P.S. 1 Linnaeus admits that he does not dare to write what he really thinks of Collegium medicum. The letter could come to the wrong persons.

P.S. 2 Linnaeus mentions that the younger Gronovius’ [Laurens Theodor GronoviusGronovius, Laurens Theodor
(1730-1777). Dutch. Naturalist. Senator
of Leiden. Son of Johan Frederik
Gronovius. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] work Museum icthyologicumGronovius, Laurens Theodor
Museum icthyologicum, sistens piscium
indigenorum et quorundam exoticorum qui
in museo L. T. Gronovii adservantur
descriptiones [... ] Accedunt nonullorum
exoticorum piscium icones aeri
incisae
, 2 vol. (Leiden 1754).
has been published. If Bäck receives that book, he should let Linnaeus see it as soon as possible.

P.S. 3 Linnaeus mentions that the archbishop has returned.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnés arkiv). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1911), vol. I:5, p. 14-16   p.14  p.15  p.16.