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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2101 • Carl Linnaeus to Patrick Browne, 19 October 1756 n.s.
Dated 19:th 8.br 1756. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to London (Great Britain). Written in English.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus had managed to borrow a copy of a work [The Civil and natural history of JamaicaBrowne, Patrick The Civil and
natural history of Jamaica: in three
parts: containing, I. An accurate
description of that island [...] with a
brief account of its former and present
state, government, revenues, produce,
and trade: II. A history of the natural
productions [...] native fossils [...]:
III: An account of the nature of
climates in general, and their
different effects upon the human
body
(London 1756).
] by Patrick BrowneBrowne, Patrick (1720-1790).
Irish. Botanist who made six voyages to
the West Indies. In 1756 he published
The Civil and natural history of
Jamaica
(1756). Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
from an Englishman in Stockholm. He has read it day and night with great interest, and he praises Browne’s detailed and honest presentation, which made him see the items so clearly that he thought he had living specimens before him.

Browne has published a large number of new genera. Linnaeus lists several that he accepts quite straightforward, while he is less persuaded by a number of others. He also suggests that some species might be transferred to other genera, and he mentions about twenty such cases.

The part of the work that deals with animals pleases Linnaeus no less, but he has not had time to study them in as much detail as the plants.

Linnaeus thanks Browne heartily for this publication and especially for the information about American plants, formerly known only through Charles Plumier [Plumier’s work was published in 1693, Descriptions des plantes de l’AmériquePlumier, Charles Descriptions
des plantes de l’Amérique, avec
leurs figures
(Paris 1693).
, and in a new edition in 1755, Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
Burmannus
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
]. Linnaeus has introduced Browne’s findings into his own work [Linnaeus presumably means Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
], and, when it is reprinted, Browne will see that Linnaeus has cited Browne carefully.

Linnaeus regrets that they cannot meet, but he asks Browne to send him specimens of any dried plants of which he has a larger stock.

The information on Spigelia against worms means very important progress in medicine, which would merit a gold statue of Browne.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, IX, 206a-b). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. “Short memoir of George Dionysius Ehret” (1886), p. 53-55 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 342-344   p.342  p.343  p.344.