-Search for letters
-Search in texts






Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Peter Collinson, 19 October 1756 n.s.
Dated october 19 1756. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to London (Great Britain). Written in English.


Linnaeus pays his respect to Peter CollinsonCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, from whom he has received so many letters, seeds and favours.

Spring had been cold, but the autumn is mild and longer than usual.

Linnaeus gives the status of several of his pupils: Daniel RolanderRolander, Daniel (1725-1793).
Swedish. Naturalist and explorer.
Studied at Uppsala University under
Linnaeus. Went to Surinam in 1755-1756.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has returned from Surinam with a large collection of natural objects. He is still in Stockholm, but Linnaeus has got letters from him and expects him to come to Uppsala in the near future.

Pehr KalmKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is well, and the second volume of his travel report [Linnaeus refers to En resa til Norra AmericaKalm, Pehr En resa til Norra
America, på Kongl. Swenska
Wetenskaps Academiens befattning, och
publici kostnad
, I-III (Stockholm
1753-1761). Soulsby no. 2586a.
], has appeared. He praises John BartramBartram, John (1701-1777).
American. Botanist living in
Pennsylvania and Delaware. Father of
John Bartram the Younger and William
Bartram. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
very much, which Linnaeus asks Collinson to forward to Bartram.

Pehr Osbeck’sOsbeck, Pehr (1723-1805).
Swedish. Clergyman, botanist explorer.
Studied at Uppsala under Linnaeus
1745-1750. Chaplain on ships of the
Swedish East India Company on voyages to
China. Vicar of Hasslöv (Halland).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
report about his journey to China [Linnaeus refers to Dagbok öfwer en ostindisk resaOsbeck, Pehr Dagbok
öfwer en ostindisk resa åren
1750. 1751. 1752. Med anmärkningar
uti naturkunnigheten, främmande
folkslags språk, seder,
hushållning, m.m. [...] Jämte
12 tabeller och afledne
skepps-predikanten : Toréns
(Stockholm 1757).
] will be printed in the winter.

The report of Fredrik Hasselquist’sHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
travels [Linnaeus refers to Iter Palaestinum eller resa til heliga landetHasselquist, Fredrik Iter
Palaestinum eller resa til heliga
(Stockholm 1757).
] is being printed.

Pehr LöflingLöfling, Pehr (1729-1756).
Swedish. Botanist and explorer. Studied
under Linnaeus. Went to Spain in 1751
and took part in the Spanish expedition
to Venezuela in 1754, where he died.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is in Mexico and other countries out there, and Linnaeus has not heard from him for a year and a half.

Köhler [Mårten KählerKähler, Mårten
(1728-1773). Swedish. Physician, orator
and poet. Studied under Linnaeus and
Nils Rosén von Rosenstein. Served
as physician of the admirality at
Karlskrona. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] is in Rome.

Linnaeus has not received Patrick Browne’s “History of Jamaica” [Linnaeus refers to The Civil and natural history of JamaicaBrowne, Patrick The Civil and
natural history of Jamaica: in three
parts: containing, I. An accurate
description of that island [...] with a
brief account of its former and present
state, government, revenues, produce,
and trade: II. A history of the natural
productions [...] native fossils [...]:
III: An account of the nature of
climates in general, and their
different effects upon the human
(London 1756).
], but he had borrowed it from a friend for some days and studied it. Linnaeus asks Collinson to forward to the author a letter [to Browne] which is attached to this letter to Collinson [Linnaeus to Browne, 19 October 1756Letter L2101]. Browne really deserves every acknowledgement for this great work.

Linnaeus is preparing a new edition of Systema naturae [Linnaeus refers to his forthcoming Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
] which will contain a list of every animal known to him, from the biggest to the smallest.

Linnaeus wishes Collinson a long and healthy life.

P.S. 1. Linnaeus reports that his gardener Niezel [Diedrich NietzelNietzel, Diedrich (1703-1756).
German. George Clifford’s gardener at
Hartecamp. Became university gardener at
Uppsala, where he died. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
] is dead and that he cannot find a successor of the same ability.

P.S. 2. Collinson should forward Linnaeus’s thanks to Georg Dionysius EhretEhret, Georg Dionysius
(1710-1770). German/British. Botanical
illustrator. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
for his drawing of Beveria, which is very neat. Linnaeus wonders whether the plant is male or female. Ehret should also be told that Linnaeus has received his plates, nos. 9, 10, 11 and 12, and that he studies them with admiration.


a. contemporary copy [by Solander] (LS, IX, 211).


1. “Short memoir of George Dionysius Ehret” (1886), p. 55-56 .