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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2103 • Johannes Burman to Carl Linnaeus, 12 October 1756 n.s.
Dated 12 Octobr. 1756. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to (). Written in Latin.

Nobilissimo & Doctissimo Viro,
Carolo Linnaeo, Equiti
& Professori Clarissimo,
S[alutem] D[icit]
Joannes Burmannus.

Ante paucos dies binas tuas accepi Litteras mihi quam gratissimas & acceptissimas, pro quibus devotas tibi reddo gratias.

In priore gavisus vidi, Cactos binos ad te bene conservatos appulisse, gratumque ac laetum te eos admirasse, caveas modo, ne nimis irrorentur aqua; sponte & laete crescent in terra nuda, [ne] nimis sit pinguis sed potius arenosa. Dolui vero quum viderim, te Hortulanum tuum amississe, tibique esse per Phtysin ereptum, quod forte multum incommodi tibi caussabit.

Scribis de Cliffortii figura, tibi displicere, quod veritus fui, quum icones sint incisae ad picturas, in horto nostro ante meum adventum exaratas; plantis vero ipsis jam caremus, ut nil certi de iis tibi possere possim.

Aleteris sane speciosissima planta est, quae diu in praedio meo floruit superbe, cujus bulbum possideo, sed qui nondum regerminat, putoque me alteram ejus possidere speciem, quae folia jam emittit magis intorta seu convoluta multoque latiora; spero florituram esse.

Quod vero attinet ad binas alias plantas bulbiferas Capenses Tabulae missae insculptas, indicavi tibi in ultimis harum unam jam a Ferrario de fl[orum] cultura pag. 171 fuisse exhibitam, quodque ipsi dicatur Flos Indicus violaceo fuscus &c.; hujus bulbum saepius e Cap[ite] Bonae Spei accepi, & ante aliquot annos floruit in praedio, sed tunc flores neglexi examinare, ita ut incertus sim, ad quodnam proprie pertineat genus; si itaque hoc mihi declarare posses, eris mihi magnus Apollo. In eadem vero tabula ad latus notaveram, Brunswigiam Heisteri ab eodem Ferrario jam fuisse olim delineatam, quae Narcissus Indicus, flore liliaceo ab eo dicitur pag. 129 & seqq., ita ut per summam festinationem, forte me non recte intellexeris, quum non putem meas esse Brunswigias, sed Sisyrinchii forte vel Ixiae species; si tempus tibi permittat, haec apud Ferrarium examines, & inter se conferas, quaeso.

Mitto tibi flores Iris Uvariae, ut cum illis Aleteris conferre eos posses, sique thyrsum totum cupias floriferum, pro te exsiccabo & mittam.

Dolui me non vidisse Roelandrum ex Surinama reducem, qui mecum plura nova potuerat communicare, et ego ipsi plurima rarissima, ab ipso forte jam nunquam videnda ostendere. Si Surinamenses siccas habeas in duplo, sis mei memor, quaeque tibi supersunt, erunt mihi quam acceptissima, uti & ego plura ex illa regione exspecto semina ac bulbos, sicuti ante paucos dies accepi tubera Ari esculenti, quibus uti & foliis instar Spinachiae vescuntur; si tibi usui esse possint, mittere quoque possum cum plantis siccis ex Java nuper mihi missis, sed quorum specimina non rite sunt siccata & conservata; si tamen illa desideras habere, mittam cum fasciculo quarto, qui jam inprimitur; quintus fere absolutus est, cujus icones quasdam jam mitto, sed quae non ita festinant, ut statim opus sit rescribere, ita ut hoc facere possis tuo commodo, sique tempus vacat.

Musei Ichthyol[ogici] Gronovii secundum volumen nuper accepi, ita ut non dubitem, quin brevi habiturus sis.

Nauita Bergh nondum appulit, ita ut vereor nunquam me visurum mihi destinatas plantas & praeterito die Jovis horrenda fuit tempestas, qua plures naves ad litus nostrum devastatae & submersae sunt, plurimaeque ingentes arbores prostratae & eradicatae, sed nulla, quod laetor, in praedio meo, quid variis cinctum est ambulacris.

Gratias ago pro centuria secunda plantarum, quae mihi quam maxime placet & acceptissima est, quum plurimas contineat plantas, quas habeo nondum rite denominatas; in illa inveni plantulam siccam foliis linearibus, fl[oribus] verticalibus luteis sessilibus; si posses recordare, quaenam proprie sit species, moneas, si velis.

Quamprimum quartus fasciculus sit inpressus & paratus, tibi mittam ante hyemem, quum naves in portu tenentur.

Desidero videre primum Musei Regii volumen, reliquaque nova tua opera, quae haud frequenter hic inveniuntur. Brouwnii Historiam accepi Jamaicam, sed nimis multa permutat recepta & optima nomina non tantum, sed etiam tota genera, & quod vix ferendum, descriptiones Anglica lingua, quae exteris nullius est usus forte ex invidia in alias nationes.

Caeterum valeas, uti ego pancratice firmus quotidianas subeo occupationes non interruptas; devotissima mea dicas officia uxori tuae suavissimae & delicatulae, mihique porro faveas.

Dabam Amstel[odami] 12 Octobr[is] 1756.

upSUMMARY

Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has received two letters from Linnaeus [these letters have not come down to us] and he is very grateful. He sees that the cactuses have arrived intact, and he is sorry to hear of Diedrich Nietzel’sNietzel, Diedrich (1703-1756).
German. George Clifford’s gardener at
Hartecamp. Became university gardener at
Uppsala, where he died. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
death.

Linnaeus is displeased at the illustration of the Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
, but there is nothing Burman can do about it. The illustrations were made from pictures, and the plants are no longer extant in his garden.

Burman discusses some plants from the Cape of Good Hope and asks Linnaeus to examine the Brunsvigia, which Giovanni Battista FerrariFerrari, Giovanni Battista
(1584-1655). Italian. Botanist.
also has depicted and called Narcissus indicus.

Burman sends flowers of Iris uvaria, which Linnaeus can compare with the flowers of Aletris, and if he wants the whole thyrsus, Burman will dry it for him.

Burman regrets not having seen Daniel RolanderRolander, Daniel (1725-1793).
Swedish. Naturalist and explorer.
Studied at Uppsala University under
Linnaeus. Went to Surinam in 1755-1756.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
who has returned from Surinam. He asks Linnaeus for dried plants from Surinam. Burman can send dried plants from Java and the tuberous roots of Arum esculentum. Also the leaves are edible, eaten as spinach, and dried plants from Java. He also sends the fourth fascicle, which is being printed, and some illustrations of the fifth fascicle, which is almost completed [Burman refers to his editing of the Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
Burmannus
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
], but there is no hurry.

Andreas Bergh’sBergh, Andreas Swedish. ship has not yet arrived, and Burman fears that he will never see his plants. Last Thursday there was a terrible storm, many ships went down and huge trees fell, fortunately none at Burman’s estate.

Burman is grateful for the Centuria II plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Centuria II.
Plantarum
, diss., resp. E.
Törner (Uppsala 1756). Soulsby no.
1853.
. It contains many plants, which Burman not yet has named properly.

Burman will send the fourth fascicle before winter as soon as it is in print and ready. He asks for the first volume of Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis SuecorumLinnaeus, Carl Museum S:ae
R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis
Suecorum [...] in quo animalia rariora
imprimis et exotica: quadrupedia, aves,
amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes
describuntur et determinantur, Latine et
Suetice cum iconibus
(Stockholm
1754).
and other new books, which are difficult to procure in Holland.

Burman has received Patrick Browne’s The Civil and natural history of JamaicaBrowne, Patrick The Civil and
natural history of Jamaica: in three
parts: containing, I. An accurate
description of that island [...] with a
brief account of its former and present
state, government, revenues, produce,
and trade: II. A history of the natural
productions [...] native fossils [...]:
III: An account of the nature of
climates in general, and their
different effects upon the human
body
(London 1756).
. Browne has changed current and good names, even names of whole genera. His descriptions are in English and of no use to foreigners. Burman thinks that he might have done so out of spite.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, II, 393-394). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 86-88   p.86  p.87  p.88.