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Link: • Johannes Burman to Carl Linnaeus, 14 December 1756 n.s.
Dated XIV Decembr. MDCCLVI. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to (). Written in Latin.


Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
is glad having received a letter from Linnaeus, dated 16 November 1756 [this letter has not come down to us]. Burman can now go on printing the fifth fascicle [Burman refers to his editing of the Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
]. He sends three plates of the sixth fascicle.

Burman is very pleased with what Linnaeus wrote about the green hyacinth. Burman will make a description of it. He is surprised that it has not flowered yet at Linnaeus’s place because he is convinced he sent it in early spring together with other bulbs from the Cape of Good Hope. Burman describes the plants of Sisyrinchium aethiopicum, and hopes that the winter will not harm them. He has admonished the gardener to take the necessary precautions, and is glad, today, to see that they are all unharmed. This also applies to Lactuca capitata and other plants for the table, which, as can be seen from the Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
, can be cultivated under glass the whole winter in Holland.

If Linnaeus considers Burman a worthy member of the Royal Society of Sciences [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
] at Uppsala, Burman will send a description of a new Aletris and other bulbous plants from the Cape of Good Hope. He asks when the new volume will be published [there was an intermission in the publishing of the Acta societatis regiae scientiarum Upsaliensis Acta societatis regiae
scientiarum Upsaliensis
from 1751 to 1772], and he will provide the illustrations needed.

Burman is glad to note that Linnaeus is willing to prepare a new edition of the Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
. Burman will attend to the printing. He wants to have Linnaeus’s opinion of the illustrations he sent to him earlier, if they are proper for the new edition.

Burman wants to see Daniel Rolander’sRolander, Daniel (1725-1793).
Swedish. Naturalist and explorer.
Studied at Uppsala University under
Linnaeus. Went to Surinam in 1755-1756.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Fredrik Hasselquist’sHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
itineraries [Burman refers to the Iter Palaestinum eller resa til heliga landetHasselquist, Fredrik Iter
Palaestinum eller resa til heliga
(Stockholm 1757).
] as well as Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis SuecorumLinnaeus, Carl Museum S:ae
R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis
Suecorum [...] in quo animalia rariora
imprimis et exotica: quadrupedia, aves,
amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes
describuntur et determinantur, Latine et
Suetice cum iconibus
, which the king [Adolf FredrikAdolf Fredrik, (1710-1771).
Swedish. King of Sweden. Reigned
1751-1771. Married to Lovisa Ulrika.
Father of Gustav III. Chancellor of
Uppsala university 1747-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] has promised him. He is grateful for the cure for epilepsy, which Linnaeus wrote about. Linnaeus had sent a package of dried plants, though the ambassador’s wife. Burman is not sure if it is the same package that he received from an officer this summer.

Burman asks for more duplicate dried plants and he is grateful for the Peloria he just received. He hopes that Linnaeus feels the same about the Javanese plants which Burman sent.

Burman could not find the moss Buxbaumia in the letter, but he had a picture of it from his friend Casimir Christopher SchmidelSchmidel, Casimir Christopher
(1718-1792). German. Physician,
professor of medicine at Erlangen and
personal physician to the Duke Carl
Alexander at Ansbach. Correspondent of

Burman has been talking to the bookseller ReyRey, Dutch?. Bookseller. who told him that he had sent to Linnaeus three copies of Patrick Browne’sBrowne, Patrick (1720-1790).
Irish. Botanist who made six voyages to
the West Indies. In 1756 he published
The Civil and natural history of
(1756). Correspondent of
work [The Civil and natural history of JamaicaBrowne, Patrick The Civil and
natural history of Jamaica: in three
parts: containing, I. An accurate
description of that island [...] with a
brief account of its former and present
state, government, revenues, produce,
and trade: II. A history of the natural
productions [...] native fossils [...]:
III: An account of the nature of
climates in general, and their
different effects upon the human
(London 1756).
] by boat in September. According to the timetable Linnaeus can see that the ship should have arrived by now. Burman hopes that Linnaeus also received the second volume of Laurens Theodor Gronovius’sGronovius, Laurens Theodor
(1730-1777). Dutch. Naturalist. Senator
of Leiden. Son of Johan Frederik
Gronovius. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Museum icthyologicumGronovius, Laurens Theodor
Museum icthyologicum, sistens piscium
indigenorum et quorundam exoticorum qui
in museo L. T. Gronovii adservantur
descriptiones [... ] Accedunt nonullorum
exoticorum piscium icones aeri
, 2 vol. (Leiden 1754).
. As he has heard from a friend, Gronovius has inserted many fishes, which are to be found in the third and fourth volumes of Albert Seba’sSeba, Albert (1665-1736).
Dutch. Pharmacist and collector of
natural history specimens, Amsterdam.
work [Locupletissimi rerum naturalium thesauri accurata descriptioSeba, Albert Locupletissimi
rerum naturalium thesauri accurata
descriptio, et iconibus
artificiosissimis expressio, per
universam physices historiam. Opus, cui,
in hoc rerum genere, nullum par
exstitit. Ex toto terrarum orbe
collegit, digessit, descripsit, et
depingendum curavit Albertus Seba
I-IV (Amsterdam 1734-1765).
]. These will soon be published.

Burman wishes Linnaeus and his family a happy end of the old year and all the best for the next and many years to come. He hopes to be numbered among Linnaeus’s best friends and to be admitted to his society, and he will be a sincere and faithful friend unto death and a supporter forever.


a. (LS, II, 398-399). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 91-93   p.91  p.92  p.93.