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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2164 • Johannes Burman to Carl Linnaeus, 9 March 1757 n.s.
Dated 9 martii MDCCVII. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to (). Written in Latin.

Nobiliss[imo] & Doctiss[imo] Viro,
Carolo Linnaeo, Equiti &c.,
S[alutem] D[icit]
Joannes Burmannus. Paucos ante dies a Gronovio accepi fasciculum tibi destinatum, in quo sine dubio Musei Ichthyol[ogici] tam diu apud vos desiderati erit exemplar, quod cistae includam, quam intra paucos dies tradam D[omino] Balguerio, ut cum prima navi ad te deferatur; in ista Cista continentur decem exemplaria Fasciculi Quarti & Quinti Pl[antarum] Americ[anarum] cum binis optimis exemplaribus, Serenissimo tuo Regi, tibique destinatis, quae serena fronte acceptura fore spero, uti & ego quam maxime desidero videre & habere Musei Regii Volumen primum cum aliis nuper tuis editis Operibus, sique hisce semina ac plantas siccas jungere velis, erit mihi quam gratissimum, uti & ego hisce addidi icones variarum Volucrum aliorumque animalium, quae in Capite Bonae Spei ad vivum delineata sunt, ut tibi forte usui esse possent in elaboranda nova editione Systhematis tui Naturae; sique iis nomina justa adscribere velis, rem mihi facies exoptatissimam, quumque iis usus fueris, remittas, quaeso, bona fide ac sancte mihi, quum nullas ulterius habeam in duplo. Inclusi simul isti Cistae Helleborines species viginti sex, a Plumierio depictas, quarum nomina Plum[ierii] juxta numeros notavi in charta adjecta, sique sub iis denominationibus juxta generica & specifica nomina adnotare velis cum brevissimis partium descriptionibus, haecque omnia simul prima occasione mihi remittere velis, tum eas in ordinem redigam juxta varia sua genera, ut pro Fasciculo septimo ipsarum icones aeri incidi possint, ac justo tempore in publicum prodire.

Dein simul adjunxi prototypa quaedam Tabularum antea jam missarum, praesertim Cliffortiae, ut puto, aliarumque quae novae editioni parandae insererentur.

Die 18 Aprilis & sequentibus hujus anni ingens hic erit venditio Conchyliorum, quae collegit & reliquit Albertus Homvet, quorum splendidissima exstat collectio; ipsorum vero Catalogum non misi, quum is sit Belgico idiomate inpressus, ita ut ex eo detegere vix posses, quaenam essent ipsorum species; caeterum stupenda haec collectio ultra viginti millibus florenorum constitit.

Nil porro novi tecum communicandum scio; interim hisce tibi mitto junctas quinque Tabulas Operis Plumierii pro sexto fasciculo, quas commodo tuo examines, & de iis tuas mecum communices observationes.

Caeterum ego pancratice valeo, sed uxor mea charissima per totam saevissimam hanc hyemem excruciata fuit doloribus spasmodicis, & Arthriticis, inprimis vero fluxu menstruo irregulari ac fere continuo, unde quam maxime emaciata & debilitata est, ita ut saepius de ejus vita quam maxime sollicitus fuerim; spero tandem instante vere, calidiore tempore, usu lactis recentis & tranquillae vitae statu in libero aere in praedio meo nempe suburbano illam reconvalescere, & quasi reviviscere, uti Bulbi mei exotici, inprimis Capenses, jam caput suum attollere incipiunt; Persicae etiam per plures dies floruere, ac Vites in Hypocaustis racemos suos jam promunt, quod post tam tristem ac lugubrem hyemem, animum meum jam aliquoties exhilaravit, naturam observans & admirans adeo obsequiosam.

Desidero scire, quomodo Cacti praeterito tibi anno missi jam valeant, reliquique exotici Bulbi.

Cliffortius reconvaluit quidem, sed senex factus est, nec agilis corpore nec mente.

Caeterum Valeas, Amicorum Dulcissime, mihique faveas, atque ad priores Litteras, variasque reliquarum periodos, si vacat ac lubet, commodo tuo respondeas ac rescribas!

Dabam Amst[elodami] 9 martii MDCCLVII.

upSUMMARY

Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has received a parcel for Linnaeus from Laurens Theodor GronoviusGronovius, Laurens Theodor
(1730-1777). Dutch. Naturalist. Senator
of Leiden. Son of Johan Frederik
Gronovius. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, without any doubt containing the Museum icthyologicumGronovius, Laurens Theodor
Museum icthyologicum, sistens piscium
indigenorum et quorundam exoticorum qui
in museo L. T. Gronovii adservantur
descriptiones [... ] Accedunt nonullorum
exoticorum piscium icones aeri
incisae
, 2 vol. (Leiden 1754).
wished for. Burman will include it in the box, which he will send through Pierre BalguerieBalguerie, Pierre (1679-1759).
French. Swedish agent in Amsterdam.
Father of Daniel Balguerie.
with the next ship together with ten copies of fascicles four and five of the Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
Burmannus
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
and two excellent copies intended for the Swedish king [Adolf FredrikAdolf Fredrik, (1710-1771).
Swedish. King of Sweden. Reigned
1751-1771. Married to Lovisa Ulrika.
Father of Gustav III. Chancellor of
Uppsala university 1747-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
]. Burman wishes to have the first volume of Linnaeusís Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis SuecorumLinnaeus, Carl Museum S:ae
R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis
Suecorum [...] in quo animalia rariora
imprimis et exotica: quadrupedia, aves,
amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes
describuntur et determinantur, Latine et
Suetice cum iconibus
(Stockholm
1754).
and other new books edited by Linnaeus, as well as seeds and dried plants.

Burman also sends illustrations of various birds and other animals from the Cape of Good Hope, drawn from living specimens. Perhaps they could be of use in a new edition of the Systema naturae. Burman asks Linnaeus to add the right names and to return them since he has no duplicates of them.

Burman also includes 26 specimens of the Helleborine depicted by Charles PlumierPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works.
. Burman has noted down Plumierís names on a separate sheet. If Linnaeus could add the correct names of genus and species and a short description of the parts Burman will arrange them according to genus and have them engraved for the seventh fascicle and publish them in due course.

Burman sends prototypes of some plates that he had previously sent, in particular some from the Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
Clifford
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
, which can be inserted in the new edition.

On the 18 of April and the following days there will be a great sale of Albertus Homvetís collection of shells. Burman does not send a catalogue since it is written in Dutch. This amazing collection is worth more than twenty thousand florins.

Burman sends five more plates of the sixth fascicle of Plumierís work, waiting for Linnaeusís observations on them.

Burman feels quite well, but during this very cold winter his wife [Adriana BurmanBurman, Adriana (-1759).
Dutch. Wife of Johannes Burman, mother
of Nicolaas Laurens Burman and Johanna
Elizabeth Burman.
] has been suffering from spastic and arthritic pains and in particular almost continuous irregular menstrual flows and is therefore very weak. Burman has been in fear of her life but hopes that she will recover when spring comes with warmer weather, having fresh milk and being in the open air in the country, similar to his exotic bulbs, especially those from the Cape of Good Hope, now showing their heads. The peaches flower and the stems of the vines are growing out in his greenhouse.

Burman wants to know how the cacti and the exotic bulbs, which he sent last year, are getting on.

George CliffordClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeusís benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
has recovered but he has become old and he is not alert physically and mentally.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, II, 401-402). [1] [2] [3]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 94-95   p.94  p.95.