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Link: • Johannes Burman to Carl Linnaeus, 9 March 1757 n.s.
Dated 9 martii MDCCVII. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to (). Written in Latin.


Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has received a parcel for Linnaeus from Laurens Theodor GronoviusGronovius, Laurens Theodor
(1730-1777). Dutch. Naturalist. Senator
of Leiden. Son of Johan Frederik
Gronovius. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, without any doubt containing the Museum icthyologicumGronovius, Laurens Theodor
Museum icthyologicum, sistens piscium
indigenorum et quorundam exoticorum qui
in museo L. T. Gronovii adservantur
descriptiones [... ] Accedunt nonullorum
exoticorum piscium icones aeri
, 2 vol. (Leiden 1754).
wished for. Burman will include it in the box, which he will send through Pierre BalguerieBalguerie, Pierre (1679-1759).
French. Swedish agent in Amsterdam.
Father of Daniel Balguerie.
with the next ship together with ten copies of fascicles four and five of the Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
and two excellent copies intended for the Swedish king [Adolf FredrikAdolf Fredrik, (1710-1771).
Swedish. King of Sweden. Reigned
1751-1771. Married to Lovisa Ulrika.
Father of Gustav III. Chancellor of
Uppsala university 1747-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
]. Burman wishes to have the first volume of Linnaeusís Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis SuecorumLinnaeus, Carl Museum S:ae
R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis
Suecorum [...] in quo animalia rariora
imprimis et exotica: quadrupedia, aves,
amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes
describuntur et determinantur, Latine et
Suetice cum iconibus
and other new books edited by Linnaeus, as well as seeds and dried plants.

Burman also sends illustrations of various birds and other animals from the Cape of Good Hope, drawn from living specimens. Perhaps they could be of use in a new edition of the Systema naturae. Burman asks Linnaeus to add the right names and to return them since he has no duplicates of them.

Burman also includes 26 specimens of the Helleborine depicted by Charles PlumierPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
. Burman has noted down Plumierís names on a separate sheet. If Linnaeus could add the correct names of genus and species and a short description of the parts Burman will arrange them according to genus and have them engraved for the seventh fascicle and publish them in due course.

Burman sends prototypes of some plates that he had previously sent, in particular some from the Hortus CliffortianusLinnaeus, Carl Hortus
Cliffortianus, plantas exhibens quas in
hortis tam vivis quam siccis Hartecampi
in Hollandia coluit [...] Georgius
(Amsterdam 1737). Soulsby
no. 328.
, which can be inserted in the new edition.

On the 18 of April and the following days there will be a great sale of Albertus Homvetís collection of shells. Burman does not send a catalogue since it is written in Dutch. This amazing collection is worth more than twenty thousand florins.

Burman sends five more plates of the sixth fascicle of Plumierís work, waiting for Linnaeusís observations on them.

Burman feels quite well, but during this very cold winter his wife [Adriana BurmanBurman, Adriana (-1759).
Dutch. Wife of Johannes Burman, mother
of Nicolaas Laurens Burman and Johanna
Elizabeth Burman.
] has been suffering from spastic and arthritic pains and in particular almost continuous irregular menstrual flows and is therefore very weak. Burman has been in fear of her life but hopes that she will recover when spring comes with warmer weather, having fresh milk and being in the open air in the country, similar to his exotic bulbs, especially those from the Cape of Good Hope, now showing their heads. The peaches flower and the stems of the vines are growing out in his greenhouse.

Burman wants to know how the cacti and the exotic bulbs, which he sent last year, are getting on.

George CliffordClifford, George (1685-1760).
Dutch. Banker and merchant in Amsterdam,
Linnaeusís benefactor. Owner of
Hartecamp and its botanical garden
outside Haarlem. Correspondent of
has recovered but he has become old and he is not alert physically and mentally.


a. (LS, II, 401-402). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 94-95   p.94  p.95.