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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2217 • David de Gorter to Carl Linnaeus, 15 July 1757 n.s.
Dated 4 to Julii S. V. 1757. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

Viro Illustrissimo,
Equiti Carolo Linnaeo,
S[alutem] D[icit]
D[avid] de Gorter.

Decennium est, Vir Illustrissime, quod a Te acceperim Literas. Ab eo tempore una alterave vice ad Te quoque exaravi Literas, ad quas, quum nullum acceperim responsum, dubito, an ad Te pervenerint. Notum procul dubio Tibi erit me ante triennium patriam reliquisse et ad hasce boreales oras demigrasse, honorifica accepta vocatione, ut munere Archiatri Augustissimae Rossiorum Imperatricis fungerer.

Autumno ante meum ex Hollandis discessum mihi ab Amplissimo Viro D[omi]no H. van Westervelt, Academiae curatore, offerebatur ramus Pini vulgaris ex Praedio Ipsius a rusticis allatus. Obstupui tantam videre Strobilorum luxuriem, quorum ultra 90 numerabam. Iconem istius rami ad naturam hic Petropoli satis accurate delineari curavi, eamque hac occasi[on]e ad Te mittere volui, quum neminem sciam, cui naturae opera contemplari magis volupe est.

Nuper Harderovici impressus est Appendix Florae meae Gelro-Zutphanici, quae anno 1745 prodiit. Eam auxi centum fere speciebus plantarum, et multum emendavi, Indicesque necessarios addidi. Exemplaria hujus opusculi ad me praeterito mense missa naufragio perierunt, sed alia propediem exspecto, quorum unum ad Te transmittere non deero.

Otii penuria rem herbariam ulterius excolere, ut vellem, mihi non permittit. Ex annotatis B[eatorum] Ammanni, Gmelini, Krascheninnikofii aliorumque mihi ab Academia Imperiali Scientiarum, cujus mecum membrum est, traditis confeci Floram Ingricam secundum Tuam methodum dispositam, sed eam non ita facile typis mandabo, potius talem laborem committens nostro Hebenstreitio, cui diligentia & otium suppetunt. Idem Vir laboriosus ejusque adjunctus D[ominus] Koelreuter jam concinnarunt Catalogum plantarum, quas superstites invenerunt in Horto Academico Petropolitano. Inter illas sunt variae pulcrae plantae Sibiricae et quaedam etiam necdum sufficienter descriptae.

Intellexi Te non ita pridem desiderasse figuras & descriptionem rariorum animalium aliarumque rerum naturalium, quae in Catalogo musei Imperialis Petropolitani citantur. Utinam cuncta superessent! Ast multa incendio ante aliquod annos perierunt, ita quidem ut nunc ipse etiam Catalogus supprimatur. Vidi ex novis literariis Te, Vir Illustrissime, varias Botanici inprimis argumenti edidisse dissertationes, uti de somno plantarum, Centurias plantarum, &c., quae neque in Amoenit[ationibus] Acad[emicis] exstant, neque hic comparari possunt. Insatiabili desiderio captus sum eas videndi, quare, si tua ex liberalitate eas acciperem, mihi pergratum foret.

Senex meus Parens pro aetate satis firma fruitur valetudine, Teque plurimum salvere jubet.

Vale, Vir Illustrissime, Praeceptor semper colende (sic enim Te nuncupare numquam desinam) & me porro ama! Iterum Vale!

Dabam Petropoli 4to Julii S[tyli] V[eteris] 1757.

upSUMMARY

During the last ten years David de GorterGorter, David de (1707 or
1717-1783). Dutch. Botanist and
physician. Succeeded his father Johannes
de Gorter as physician-in-ordinary to
the Empress Elizabeth of Russia. Son of
Susanna de Gorter, brother of Herman
Boerhaave de Gorter. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
has received no letters from Linnaeus. Gorter has written to Linnaeus but since there has been no reply he believes that his letters have been lost.

For three years now Gorter has been the physician-in-ordinary to the Russian Empress [Elizabeth Petrovna RomanovaPetrovna Romanova, Elizabeth
(1709-1762). Russian. Empress of
Russia. Reigned from 1741-1762.
].

The autumn before Gorter left Holland, he received a branch of Pinus vulgaris from Heribert van WesterveltWestervelt, Heribert van
(1711-1792). Dutch. Mayor, Harderwijk.
Curator at the University of Harderwijk
1747-1792.
, the curator of the University; it is discussed.

The appendix of Gorterís Flora Gelro-ZutphanicaGorter, David de Flora
Gelro-Zutphanica, exhibens plantas per
ducatum Gelriae et comitatum Zutphaniae
crescentes
(Harderwijk 1745).
was recently printed in Harderwijk [Gorter refers to Flora Gelro-Zutphanica : exhibens plantas per Ducatum Gelriae et Comitatum Zutphaniae crescentes. (... Florae Gelro-Zutphaniae appendix. - AddendaGorter, David de Flora
Gelro-Zutphanica : exhibens plantas per
Ducatum Gelriae et Comitatum Zutphaniae
crescentes. (... Florae Gelro-Zutphaniae
appendix. - Addenda. Emendanda)

(Harderwijk 1745-57).
]; it contains about hundred new species. Linnaeus will receive a copy.

Gorter has written Flora IngricaGorter, David de Flora
Ingrica ex schedis S. Krascheninnikow
confecta et propriis observationibus
aucta
(St. Petersburg 1761[-1764]).
out of the notes made by Johann AmmanAmman, Johann (1707-1741).
Swiss/Russian?. Curator of Hans Sloaneís
natural history collection. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences at St Petersburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
, Johann Georg GmelinGmelin, Johann Georg
(1709-1755). German. Voyager, botanist
and chemist. At the initiative of
empress Anna of Russia he spent ten
years (1733-1743) exploring Siberia. In
1749 he became professor of botany and
chemistry at Tübingen. Together
with his nephew Samuel Gottlieb he wrote
Flora Sibirica (1747-1769).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Stephan Petrovich KrascheninnikovKrascheninnikov, Stephan Petrovich
(1713-1755). Russian. Professor
of natural history, St Petersburg. Went
with Johann Georg Gmelin to Siberia and
came as the only member of the
expedition to Kamchatka. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
and others of the Imperial Academy of Sciences of St Petersburg [Imperatorskaja akademija naukImperatorskaja akademija nauk,
Imperial Academy of Sciences

Russian. Imperial Academy of Sciences of
St Petersburg, founded in 1725. Its
publications are Commentarii
Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-14 (1726 -
1744/1746 [i.e. pub. 1728 - 1751]) and
Novi Commentarii Academiae
Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-20 (1747/1748 -
1775 [i.e. pub. 1750 - 1776]).
]. The plants are arranged according to Linnaeusís method. Johann Christian HebenstreitHebenstreit, Johann Christian
(1720-1795). German. Botanist, son of
Johann Ernst Hebenstreit, educated at
Leipzig. At St Petersburg from 1749-1751
and 1755-1761. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
and his assistant, Joseph Gottlieb KölreuterKolreuter, Joseph Gottlieb
(1733-1806). German. Botanist,
published a pioneering work on plant
hybridization.
are preparing a catalogue of the remaining plants in the Academy Garden in St Petersburg. Among them are different kinds of beautiful Siberian plants.

Linnaeus had wished to receive some illustrations and descriptions of rare animals and other natural history things quoted from the catalogue of the imperial museum of St Petersburg. However, much was destroyed in a fire some years ago; the catalogue itself is now suppressed.

Gorter wants Linnaeus to send him his dissertations Somnus plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Somnus
plantarum
, diss., resp. P. Bremer
(Uppsala [1755]).
, Centuria I plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Centuria I.
Plantarum
, diss., resp. A. Juslenius
(Uppsala 1756). Soulsby no. 1848.
and Centuria II plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Centuria II.
Plantarum
, diss., resp. E.
Törner (Uppsala 1756). Soulsby no.
1853.
.

Gorterís father [Johannes de GorterGorter, Johannes de
(1689-1762). Dutch. Physician.
Professor of medicine at Harderwijk in
1725. Succeeded Abraham Kaauw Boerhaave
as physician-in-ordinary to the Empress
Elizabeth of Russia at the court in St
Petersburg 1754 to 1758. Returned to
Holland in 1758. Husband of Susanna de
Gorter. Father of David de Gorter and
Herman Boerhaave de Gorter.
], who has been incapacitated by illness for six months, sends his regards.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 92-93). [1] [2] [3]