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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2218 • Carl Linnaeus to Carlo Allioni, 2 July 1757 n.s.
Dated 1757 d. 2 julii. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Torino (Italia). Written in Latin.

Viro Experientissimo,
D[omino] D[octori] CAR[OLO] ALLIONIO,
Med[icinae] Doct[tori],
S[alutem] pl[urimam] d[icit]
C[arolus] Linnaeus.

Heri redux accepi fasci[cu]lum a Te, Vir Experientissime, gratiosissime missum, cum libris et plantis siccis curiosissimis, pro quibus mentem devotissimam reddo. Responderem ad singula, imprimis ad plantas exsiccatas, sed debeo coactus hoc gratissimum officium differre per mensem, cum cras abiturus sum ad aulam regiam; mihi redditus primum hoc absolvam.

Nullus authorum pulchrius determinavit fossilia petrefacta quam Tu, V[ir] E[xperientissime], in libello lectissimo.

Plantae Tuae Alpinae maxima voluptate me affecere, quae Tibi aeternam compararunt famam.

Nullas adjecisti literas. Et si adposuisti, periere in itinere. Sed plantae omnes bene conservatae erant. Utinam scirem, qua ratione mutuis officiis inservirem!

Citabo plantas a Te descriptas in Systematis naturae decima editione, quod sudat et brevi 2 voluminibus prodibit.

Cum ex transmissis video, quam benigno sis in me animo, supplex oro, mittas aliquando in litteris Nautilos istos minimos, quos Plancus et Gualterus detexerunt; possideo tantum vulgatissimum arimense Planc. t. 1 f. 1.

Utinam velles et posses in literis mittere plantam quam delineasti tab. 5 f. 2 t. 10 f. 1.

Inclusa plantula Buxbaumia est, quam nuper copiose reperimus; in ejus operculo vera Anthera cum suo filamento latet. Est etiam haec vera Musci species, quamvis aphylla.

Respondebo nunc ad eas plantas, in quibus facilior cognitio.

Campanula cymbalariae foliis C. B. minima est species mihi ignota et valde singularis. Faciem gerit Phytaeumae, si corolla alioquin esset ad basin divisa in 5 partes.

Lepidium caule repente. Iberis rotundifolia, rarissima planta.

Abrotanum pumilum floribus magnis sessilibus est Artemisia tanacetifolia.

Lathyrus pedunculis unifloris. Hic est Lathyrus setifolius.

Pedicularis fol. pinnatis, pinnulis dentatis obtusis, galea rostrata, est Pedicularis caulibus reflexis spica laxa purpurea. Seguier Verona. parte tertia.

Pedicularis fol. alternis, pinnis semipinnatis, fl. rostratis laxe et longiss. est Pedicularis incarnate, licet Tua fl. hirsutis.

Pedicularis alpina fl. purp. spicat. est Pedicularis verticillata.

Lychnis fol. acute cordatis pauciflora, forte Lychnis dioica.

Alsine saxatilis laricis folio major. Arenaria striata Fl. Suec. edit. secundae.

Alsine foliis subulatis, petalis ovatis, est Arenaria laricifolia.

Limonium mont. minus est Statice cordata.

Ranunculus mont. cal. villos. Ranunculus glacialis.

Polypodium fronde subbipinnata lanceol. Asplenium Trichomanes.

Lepidium fol. pinnatis [...] pari majore. Lepidium petraeum.

Virga aurea viscosa minor fol. glutin. Erigeron graveolens.

Filago floribus sessilibus. Filago pygmaea.

Atractylis invol. cancellatis ventr. Atractylis cancellata.

Andryala Guettardi. Andryala integrifolia.

Cardamine montana asari folio. Cardamine asarifolia.

Alysson pyrenaicum. rarior. Draba pyrenaica.

Coriandrum fructibus didymis. Coriandrum testiculatum.

Campanula hortens fol. et flore. Campanula Medium.

Alchimilla alpina pentaph. (rarior). Alchimilla pentaphylla.

Veronica erecta ramosa. Veronica serpyllifolia.

Veronica repens ex alis est varietas Veronicae officinalis.

Veronica corymbo terminali. Veronica bellidioides.

Rapunculus montanus fol. gramineo. Phyteuma hemisphaericum.

Bupleurum alpi. angustis remotis fol. Bupleurum stellatum.

Saxifraga viscosa procumbens varietas Saxifragae oppositifoliae.

Saxifraga alp. subhirsuta. Saxifraga caespitosa.

Eruca tanacetifolia. Sisymbrium tanacetifolium.

Coronilla fruticosa stipulis subrotundis. Minime. Est Ferrum equinum gallicum, siliquis in summitate CB.

Ptarmica alpina matricariae foliis. Achillea macrophylla.

Campanula anchusae foliis. Diversa a mea Campanula spicata; vide Tuam pulchram figuram. Pluk. phyt. 153 f. 6. Bauh. hist. 2 p. 208. Caetera proxime!

Dabam Upsaliae 1757 d[ie] 2 julii.

Quaeso, examines tab. X. f. 1 tuae plantam et quot in ea pistilla sint mihi dicas, cum missum specimen nimis imperfectum erat.

Viro Experientissimo
D[omino] D[octori] Car[olo] Allioni
Turin

upSUMMARY

On his return the day before, Linnaeus had found a package from Carlo AllioniAllioni, Carlo (1725-1804).
Italian. Professor of botany, Turin.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
with books and dried specimens of plants. He thanks Allioni for it all but regrets that he must postpone a more detailed comment for a month since he had been called to the Swedish court.

Linnaeus is very pleased with Allioni’s presentation of fossils in the nice little book [Linnaeus refers to the Oryctographiae Pedemontanae specimenAllioni, Carlo Oryctographiae
Pedemontanae specimen, exhibens corpora
fossilia terrae adventitia
(Paris
1757).
], and also with the alpine plants. They had arrived in good order. But there was no accompanying letter with the package, so Linnaeus is not sure what he is meant to do about compensation for the material.

The plants described by Allioni will be included in the tenth edition of Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
, which will be published rather soon.

Linnaeus asks Allioni to send him specimens of the smallest species of Nautilus, described by Janus PlancusPlancus, Janus (pseud. for Giovanni
Bianchi)
(1693-1775). Italian.
Naturalist and physician. Professor of
Anatomy at Siena.
[Linnaeus refers to the Jani Planci [... ] De conchis minus notis liberPlancus, Janus (pseud. for Giovanni
Bianchi)
Jani Planci [... ] De
conchis minus notis liber. Cui accessit
specimen aestus reciproci Maris Superi
ad littus portumque Arimini
(Venice
1739).
] and Nicola GualtieriGualtieri, Nicola (1688-1744).
Italian. Doctor of medicine, physician
at Pisa.
[Linnaeus refers to the Index testarum conchyliorumGualtieri, Nicola Index
testarum conchyliorum, quae adservantur
in museo Nicolai Gualtieri
(Florence
1742).
], and of some of the plants mentioned in one of the books sent [Linnaeus refers to Caroli Allionii [... ] Rariorum Pedemontii stirpiumAllioni, Carlo Caroli
Allionii [... ] Rariorum Pedemontii
stirpium specimen primum
(Torino
1755).
].

In return, he sends a small Buxbaumia.

Linnaeus gives a list of plants that he has found easy to determine. Allioni had given them some names and brief characters, and Linnaeus lists those and the trivial name that he had for that species. A few of them have a brief comment on a variation or a citation of literature.

For example, Linnaeus identifies one of them, a Pedicularis, with one published by Jean François SéguierSéguier, Jean François
(1703-1784). French. Antiquarian
and botanist, Nimes. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
[Linnaeus refers to the supplement of the Plantae VeronensesSéguier, Jean François
Plantae Veronenses seu Stirpium
quae in agro Veronensi reperiuntur
methodica synopsis. [...] Accedit
ejusdem Bibliothecae botanicae
supplementum
, I-III (Verona
1745-1754).
].

The Campanula anchusae foliis is not Linnaeus’s Campanula spicata as can be seen from a plate published by Allioni.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (Accademia delle scienze, Torino, Carteggi Collection, Allioni´s letters, cart. 2703). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 20-22   p.20  p.21  p.22.