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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2235 • Johannes Burman to Carl Linnaeus, 2 August 1757 n.s.
Dated 2 Augusti 1757. Sent from () to (). Written in Latin.

Clarissimo Linnaeo suo
S[alutem] D[icit]
Joannes Burmannus.

Ante paucos dies D[omino] Balguierio tradidi cistam plantis Capensibus siccis repletam, quam ad te navi jam misit, ut & novam descriptam plantam Wachendorfiam fictili inpositam, cujus characterem & descriptionem nunc tibi mitto; quam si dignam censeas, ut actis vestris Suecicis inseratur, erit mihi gratissimum, tumque membris communices, quaeso, illustrissimae ac celeberrimae vestrae societatis, quumque hi in societatem suam me adsciscere velint, uti olim in Litteris tuis id mihi officiose obtulisti, tum in posterum alias quasdam novas nondum descriptas vel observatas communicabo plantas, quarum plurimas possideo.

Semen Wachendorfiae jam incipit maturescere, quod dein itidem mittam, sique juxta numeros plantis Capensibus adnotatos velis mihi nomina generica tradere, quae ex floribus facile detegere poteris, rem mihi facies acceptissimam, simulque addere illustrationes Iconum Plumier[ii], quas antea & jam denuo mitto; prosequar tum ipsarum descriptionem & editionem, licet dolendum sit, tam paucos reperiri Botanophilos, qui hoc Opus desiderant vel emunt, quum multum, ut puto, contribuat ad illustrationem & cognitionem tot rarissimarum plantarum, unde fere animus cadit nec sumtus sinunt, ut in integrum absolvatur, praesertim quum fata & injuria temporum adeo premant & per bella sint iniquissima.

Si quid mittas, addas, quaeso, dissertationem de Euphorbiis & Centurias binas plantarum, uti & quasdam alias, si quae sunt novae, quibus cum taedio destituor.

Uxor mea adhuc debilissima saevissimis quotidie luxatur doloribus intestinorum ac partium muliebrium.

Valeas, Vir Amicissime, cum tota tua illustriss[ima] familia!

Dabam ex praedio raptim!
2 Augusti 1757.

P. S. Nuper occupatus in Herbario Oldenlandi, cujus plantis nomina genuina adscribo, inveni te in speciebus tuis ad Asteris speciem pulcherrimam, qui nempe est Aster Afric[anus] frutescens splendentibus parvis & reflexis foliis, hunc primo ad Xeranthemum ciliatum no. 7 retulisse, dein iterum Aster reflexus no. 28 idem habet synonymon Commel[ini]; an ex proposito an vero erroneum est. Moneo hoc tantum, ut dein posses adnotare vel mutare.

Valeas amicissime!

N.B. In memorato Herbario binas distinctas inveni plantas, quarum una foliola tantum reflexa, altera reflexa & ciliata simul gerit foliola, floresque tantum verticales multo majores ramosque simplicissimos erectos, rarioribus ramulis minoribus interspersis, floribus destitutis, atque haec videtur ad Xeranthemum adcedere.

upSUMMARY

A few days ago Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
delivered a box to Pierre BalguerieBalguerie, Pierre (1679-1759).
French. Swedish agent in Amsterdam.
Father of Daniel Balguerie.
, which he sent by boat to Linnaeus. It was full of dried Cape plants and the new plant Wachendorfia in a pot. Burman now sends the description of it [later published in the WachendorfiaBurman, Johannes
Wachendorfia (Amsterdam 1757).
] and hopes that Linnaeus will find it worthy of being inserted into the Swedish documents [Burman refers presumably to the Acta societatis regiae scientiarum Upsaliensis Acta societatis regiae
scientiarum Upsaliensis
(Stockholm
1740-1751).
, where there was an intermission in the publishing from 1751 to 1772]. Burman can in the future send more plants, which are not yet described or known, when the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Uppsala,
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
] wishes to receive him as a member, as Linnaeus once offered him in a letter.

The seed of the Wachendorfia is beginning to sprout, and Burman will send it later to Linnaeus. He asks Linnaeus to add the generic names to the Cape plants and to return Charles PlumierísPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works.
illustrations, which Burman has sent and sends now again. He regrets that so few botanists are interested to buy this important work, and, being almost discouraged, he cannot afford to finish it [Burman refers to his editing of the Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
Burmannus
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
], especially considering the hard times, unfavourable because of the wars.

If Linnaeus is going to send something Burman asks him to enclose the dissertations Specimen academicum, quo Euphorbia ejusque historia naturalis et medica exhibeturLinnaeus, Carl Specimen
academicum, quo Euphorbia ejusque
historia naturalis et medica
exhibetur
, diss., resp. J. Wiman
(Uppsala [1752]). Soulsby no. 1658.
, Centuria I plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Centuria I.
Plantarum
, diss., resp. A. Juslenius
(Uppsala 1756). Soulsby no. 1848.
and Centuria II plantarum Linnaeus, Carl Centuria II.
Plantarum
, diss., resp. E.
Törner (Uppsala 1756). Soulsby no.
1853.
, and other new works which Burman has been unable to find.

Burmanís wife [Adriana BurmanBurman, Adriana (-1759).
Dutch. Wife of Johannes Burman, mother
of Nicolaas Laurens Burman and Johanna
Elizabeth Burman.
] is still very weak, suffering from internal pains.

PS. Burman mentions that he has been working with Henric Bernhard OldenlandísOldenland, Henric Bernhard
(1663-1697). German. Botanist.
Travelled to South Africa with the Dutch
Cape Colony, where he participated in an
exploratory expedition and became land
surveyor and curator of the
Company´s Garden in Cape Town. His
uncompleted herbarium and catalogue of
the local flora was later used by, among
others, Johannes Burman.
herbarium recently. He noticed that Linnaeus, deliberately or by mistake, first classified Aster reflexus and then under the heading of Xeranthemum ciliatum in his Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 480.
. Later it was classified as an African Aster.

In the same herbarium Burman found two different plants. The latter seems to be similar to Xeranthemum.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, II, 413). [1] [2]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 102-103   p.102  p.103.