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Link: • Peter Collin to Carl Linnaeus, 17 October 1757 n.s.
Dated 17 Octobr. 1757. Sent from Göttingen (Germany) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.


Peter CollinCollin, Peter (1722-1781).
Swedish. Lecturer of theology at the
gymnasium of Wäxjö. Dean.
Correspondent of Linnaeus. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
writes to Linnaeus and makes excuses for the delay in reporting of his stay in Germany, especially as he aspires to count on Linnaeus as “Inspector stipendii”. There are many reasons for the delay. During the summer he did not know if it would be safe to stay in Göttingen, but the French [army] left the University in peace and after that he was ill in an intermittent fever for a month. At the beginning of September he accompanied Olof Ingelson RabeniusRabenius, Olof Ingelson
(1730-1772). Swedish. Professor of law,
and Johan HisingHising, Johan (1727-1790).
Swedish. Ennobled Hisingen in 1770.
Assessor. Foundry proprietor at
Fagervik, Finland.
(on their way to Strasbourg) to Cassel [Kassel] where he saw many interesting things. Upon his return he fell ill again in dysentery and had to stay in bed for almost three weeks. He is now very weak and the last two months have been hard. However, Röderer [Johann Georg RoedererRoederer, Johann Georg
(1726-1763). French. Obstetrician,
professor of medicine at Göttingen.
] has helped him and been very kind.

He writes that since the French occupation the Regiment Royal Pologne has been garrisoned in Göttingen. There have been 16 Swedish officers with the regiment: colonel LiljehökLiljehok, Swedish. Colonel. , colonel StenflychtStenflycht, Swedish. Colonel.
, captain baron Rålamb, ReuterholmReuterholm, Swedish. , von Essenvon Essen, Swedish. , WrangelWrangel, Swedish. , baron BanérBanér, Swedish. Baron.
, RosenborgRosenborg, Swedish.
, lieutenant count SparreSparre, Swedish. Lieutenant,
(who was with Gaspard Raibaud)Raibaud, Gaspard (1695-1781).
French. Teacher of French at Uppsala
University. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
), von QuantenQuanten, Swedish. Quanten. , baron KrusKrus, Swedish. Baron. , FeltstiernaFeltstierna, Swedish. , Stråhle, KinnemundKinnemund, Swedish. , FockFock, Swedish. (who was Anders Boström’sBoström, Anders
(1724-1769). Swedish. Theologian and
clergyman. Student of Linnaeus. Defended
the dissertation Febris
pro gradu under Linnaeus
in 1757. Taught mathematics and later
theology at Skara
gymnasium. [Source:Sandermann Olsen]
teacher), DrakeDrake af Hagelsrum, Swedish.
, PrintsPrints, Swedish. , MannerstiernaMannerstierna, Swedish. . However, eight days ago they marched to join the prince of Soubise’s [Charles de Rohan, the prince of Soubise’sRohan, prince de Soubise, Charles de
(1715-1787). French. Military
man. Marshal of France from 1758 and
minister to the kings Louis XV and Louis
] army at the border of Saxon. He writes that now he will be the only Swede in Göttingen as Carl Magnus WrangelWrangel, Carl Magnus
(1727-1786). Swedish. Nobleman and
clergyman. Studied at Greifswald.
Chaplain to the king, dean of Wicacoa
and the Swedish Lutheran congregations
in America. Dean of Sala. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
, who is now Doctor of Divinity, will return to Sweden next week.

He writes that he has had the opportunity to watch the war with constant marching, but the Societas Academica [it is unclear if Collin means the Royal Society of Sciences and Humanities in Göttingen [Königliche Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu GöttingenKönigliche Gesellschaft der
Wissenschaften zu Göttingen, Royal
Society of Sciences and Humanities in
German. Founded
in 1751 as Societas Regia Scientiarum
Gottingensis, and as Königliche
Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften zu
Göttingen from 1753. Its
publications were Commentarii
Societas Regiae Scientiarum
(1752-1754), continued
by Commentationes Societati Regiae
Scientiarum Goettingensi

(1763-1769), continued by Novi
Commentarii Societatis Regiae
Scientiarum Gottingensis

] or the University of Göttingen] has not been affected. He plans to stay for another six months and he thinks that it is safe to stay in Göttingen although there was an incident in the summer.

At the beginning of May he visited Hesse together with David Sigismund August BüttnerBüttner, David Sigismund August
(1724-1768). Hungarian. Professor
of medicine and botany in 1756, Berlin,
in 1760 professor of botany and zoology,
, Rabenius and Hisingen to see the salt mines in Allendorf and the coal mine on the high Weisner mountain. He writes that several strata down to the coal mine itself looked like petrified trees and roots, but the mine supervisor said that it was a natural kind of rock. Rabenius and. Hisingen collected a number of stones and they will give some of them to Linnaeus. He also tells that he has seen wine-growing.

He writes that the Hessian landscape is hilly and fertile and wild cherry and plum trees grow on the hills. They saw several springs on the coal mine hills. Strangely enough the rivers from the springs were flowing upwards in opposition to all theories. In Cassel he saw an indescribable number of curiosities.

He tells that he has tasted bitter almond from a tree growing in Johan Arckenholtz’Arckenholtz, Johan (1697-1777).
Swedish. Historian and politician.

He is surprised that the Counts in Hessian spend so much money on buildings and amusement. He reports that the autumn has been cold and wet, much worse than he experienced in Sweden.

Büttner who has studied natural science according to Linnaeus’s system sends his best regards. Büttner has an impressive cabinet and collection and he has a very high opinion of Swedes. Linnaeus himself has a high reputation in Göttingen and Collin is proud of being Swedish.

Collin ends the letter and sends his best regards to Linnaeus’ wife [Sara Elisabet MoraeaMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeus’s wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.
] and the rest of the family.


a. original holograph (LS, III, 85-86). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1911), vol. I:5, p. 310-312   p.310  p.311  p.312.