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Link: • Johannes Burman to Carl Linnaeus, 6 March 1758 n.s.
Dated 6 Martii 1758. Sent from Amsterdam (Netherlands) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


Johannes BurmanBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
recently received Linnaeusís letter dated 10 February 1758Letter L2305, but he was then in poor health, suffering from colic pains. By means of tobacco smoking he gradually could relieve himself. He had been so weak that his son [Nicolaas Laurens BurmanBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] had to read Linnaeusís letter to him. It livened him up and he seemed to regain his strength. Gradually he recovered and he has gone back to work again. It was interesting to note that his friend Ionathan some weeks ago suffered seriously from the same stomach disease. Now he has recovered, and he has been appointed to be Rector Magnificus of the Leiden University for this year [Adriaan van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
was appointed Rector Magnificus in 1758].

Burman continues the answering of Linnaeusís letter. He congratulates Linnaeus on his happy return home and that he has got through this rough winter. In Holland many died and several adults died also from smallpox.

In the letter dated 21 November1758 [Burman gives the wrong date. It should be 22 November 1758Letter L2261] Burman gives his reasons for printing the description of WachendorfiaBurman, Johannes
Wachendorfia (Amsterdam 1757).

Burmanís gardener had waited for months for an answer from Linnaeus. He had to look for an employment elsewhere, Burman does not know where.

Burmanís money can easily be transferred to him through the merchant Anthoni GrillGrill, Anthoni (1705-1783).
Swedish. Merchant in Amsterdam. Brother
of Claes Grill and Johan Abraham Grill.
who has a brother [Claes GrillGrill, Claes (1705-1767).
Swedish. Merchant, owner of the iron
works of Söderfors, Österby
and Iggesund. Director of the Swedish
East India Company. Also known as an art
collector and patron of arts and
sciences. Brother of Anthoni Grill and
Johan Abraham Grill. Correspondent of
] in Stockholm.

Burman is pleased to hear that the gifts he had sent to Linnaeus had cheered him up. Burman, too, has an Ornithogalum flowering every year. He also sent a green hyacinth. It did not flower last year, but in other years it flowered during the whole summer with peculiar flowers similar to those drawn by Johann Christian CunoCuno, Johann Christian
(1708-1790). German. Poet, botanist and
merchant. He made a fortune in the West
Indies and settled in Holland where he
kept a botanical garden. The later years
of his life were spent in Weingarten,
near Durlach in Germany. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
and sent to Linnaeus in October [1 October 1757Letter L2257]. Linnaeus has still not answered what he thinks about it and to which genus it belongs.

A new, as Burman believes, genus of a Cape plant flowered during the winter. He had it drawn and dried the thyrsus.

Burman eagerly wishes to see the new edition of the Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
and other new works, particularly Museum S:ae R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis SuecorumLinnaeus, Carl Museum S:ae
R:ae M:tis Adolphi Friderici Regis
Suecorum [...] in quo animalia rariora
imprimis et exotica: quadrupedia, aves,
amphibia, pisces, insecta, vermes
describuntur et determinantur, Latine et
Suetice cum iconibus
that Linnaeus promised to send long ago. Is a Centuria tertia to be published soon? Friends have asked him about that [there was no third edition].

Burman congratulates Linnaeus on Löflingís manuscripts [Burman refers to the publishing of the Iter Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska länderna uti Europa och AmericaLöfling, Pehr Iter
Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska
länderna uti Europa och America

(Stockholm 1758).
] with the illustrations of Plumierís plants. Burman would like to see the species Epidendrum. All the Charles PlumierPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
illustrations constituting the eighth fascicle are now engraved [Burman refers to his editing of the Plantarum Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]Plumier, Charles Plantarum
Americanarum fasciculus primus[-decimus]
continens plantas, quas olim C.
Plumierius [...] detexit, eruitque,
atque in insulis Antillis ipse depinxit.
Has primum in lucem edidit, concinnis
descriptionibus & observationibus,
aeneisque tabulis illustravit J.
(Amsterdam 1755-1760).
]. He will add some elegant cacti. The seventh is in print and he will forward it as soon as possible.

Burman waits for conchylia from India. If there are some worth saving, he will save them for Linnaeus. The duplicates belong to Linnaeus.

Burmanís dear but weak wife [Adriana BurmanBurman, Adriana (-1759).
Dutch. Wife of Johannes Burman, mother
of Nicolaas Laurens Burman and Johanna
Elizabeth Burman.
] is still suffering from intestinal pains, the menstrual flow has returned and she is gradually becoming weaker. Less appetite, more sleepiness, so that Burman fears that she will sleep once and for all never being able to listen to the nightingale again.


a. (LS, II, 424-425). [1] [2] [3]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 116-118   p.116  p.117  p.118.