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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2448 • David de Gorter to Carl Linnaeus, 11 December 1758 n.s.
Dated 30 Novemb. S. V. 1758. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

upSUMMARY

David de GorterGorter, David de (1707 or
1717-1783). Dutch. Botanist and
physician. Succeeded his father Johannes
de Gorter as physician-in-ordinary to
the Empress Elizabeth of Russia. Son of
Susanna de Gorter, brother of Herman
Boerhaave de Gorter. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
sends a dried specimen of Rheum foliis palmatis. There is a reference to Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
plantarum
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 480.
. Joseph Gottlieb KölreuterKolreuter, Joseph Gottlieb
(1733-1806). German. Botanist,
published a pioneering work on plant
hybridization.
has made a description of it, which will perhaps be published in four years, as is the custom in St Petersburg [Gorter refers to the publishing process as to the transactions of the Imperial Academy of Sciences of St Petersburg, Imperatorskaja akademija naukImperatorskaja akademija nauk,
Imperial Academy of Sciences

Russian. Imperial Academy of Sciences of
St Petersburg, founded in 1725. Its
publications are Commentarii
Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-14 (1726 -
1744/1746 [i.e. pub. 1728 - 1751]) and
Novi Commentarii Academiae
Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, 1-20 (1747/1748 -
1775 [i.e. pub. 1750 - 1776]).
, i.e. Novi commentariiImperatorskaja akademija nauk,
Imperial Academy of Sciences

Novi Commentarii Academiae
Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
(St Petersburg,
1747/1748 - 1775 [i.e. pub. 1750 -
1776]).
]. Some small American birds will be depicted. He will send them to Linnaeus on another occasion.

The description of Aloë americana will not be inserted in the Novi commentarii but will be published separately by its author, Johann Christian HebenstreitHebenstreit, Johann Christian
(1720-1795). German. Botanist, son of
Johann Ernst Hebenstreit, educated at
Leipzig. At St Petersburg from 1749-1751
and 1755-1761. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
. In his last letter [Gorter to Linnaeus, 21 November 1758Letter L2453], Gorter enumerated the plants still growing in the Academy Garden. There are also Johann Georg GmelinísGmelin, Johann Georg
(1709-1755). German. Voyager, botanist
and chemist. At the initiative of
empress Anna of Russia he spent ten
years (1733-1743) exploring Siberia. In
1749 he became professor of botany and
chemistry at Tübingen. Together
with his nephew Samuel Gottlieb he wrote
Flora Sibirica (1747-1769).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Solidago, Pulmonaria with references to Flora SibiricaGmelin, Johann Georg Flora
Sibirica, sive Historia plantarum
Sibiriae
(St Petersburg 1747-1769).
and Cucumis with a reference to Species plantarum.

For all other Siberian plants, Gorter will find them in the Uppsala University Botanical Garden.

Arundo repens with a reference to Caspar Bauhin, Pinax theatri botaniciBauhin, Caspar Pinax theatri
botanici sive index in Theophrasti
Dioscoridis, Plinii et botanicorum qui a
seculo scripserunt opera plantarum
circiter sex milium ab ipsis exhibitarum
nomina cum earundem synonymiis &
differentiis methodice secundum genera
& species proponens
(1623) 2 ed.
(Basle 1671).
and Robert Morison, Morison, Robert (1620-1683).
British. Botanist and physician.
Physician-in-ordinary to Charles II.
Professor in botany at Oxford.
, Plantarum historiae universalis Oxoniensis pars secunda-tertiaMorison, Robert Plantarum
historiae universalis Oxoniensis pars
secunda-tertia, seu Herbarum distributio
nova, per tabulas cognationis et
affinitatis [...] observata &
detecta
(Oxford 1680-1699).
, Lunaria with a reference to Species plantarum and Senecio with a reference to Adriaan van RoyenRoyen, Adriaan van (1705-1779).
Dutch. Professor of botany, director of
the botanical garden of Leiden.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Florae Leydensis ProdromusRoyen, Adriaan van Florae
Leydensis Prodromus, exhibens plantas
quae in horto academico Lugduno-Batavo
aluntur
(Leiden 1740).
are discussed.

The Imperial Academy of Sciences has recently received a description of Nitraria by Linnaeus. Gorter hopes that there still will be time to insert it in volume 5 of the Academyís transactions which is being printed [Linnaeusís description was published in vol. VII, Nitraria "Nitraria, planta obscura
explicata a Carolo Linnaeo",
Novi Commentarii Academiae
Scientiarum Imperialis
Petropolitanae
, VII ([1758-1759],
1761), 315-320. Soulsby no. 559
]. Gorter wants Linnaeus to send a description and delineation of the parts of the fructification of Gorteria, so that he can have it engraved.

Gorter wants Linnaeus to send him dissertations that he has written himself as well as those written under his presidency.

He has still not yet received the package that Linnaeus had left in Stockholm.

Willem Hendrik van RouwenoortRouwenoort, Willem Hendrik van
(1705-1782). Dutch. Baron, at the
estate Ulenpas in Holthuysen.
at his estate Ulenpas near Doesburg in Geldern is the one who devotes himself most to botany among the Dutch magnates.

Gorter has received a letter from his father [Johannes de GorterGorter, Johannes de
(1689-1762). Dutch. Physician.
Professor of medicine at Harderwijk in
1725. Succeeded Abraham Kaauw Boerhaave
as physician-in-ordinary to the Empress
Elizabeth of Russia at the court in St
Petersburg 1754 to 1758. Returned to
Holland in 1758. Husband of Susanna de
Gorter. Father of David de Gorter and
Herman Boerhaave de Gorter.
], who sends his regards to Linnaeus.

P.S.1. Some plants are discussed: Erica, Zostera, Salix and Jungermannia with references to Pinax theatri botanici, Species plantarum and Flora Sibirica.

P.S. 2. Gorter asks Linnaeus to send him his dissertations, BuxbaumiaLinnaeus, Carl Buxbaumia quam
sub praesidio [...]
diss., resp.
Anton Rolandsson Martin (Uppsala
1757). Soulsby no. 1969.
and Somnus plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Somnus
plantarum
, diss., resp. P. Bremer
(Uppsala [1755]).
.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, V, 100-101). [1] [2] [3]