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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2470 • Jean François Séguier to Carl Linnaeus, 23 July 1748 n.s.
Dated XVII Kal. Sextilis. MDCCXLVIII. Sent from Verona (Italia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

upSUMMARY

Jean François SéguierSéguier, Jean François
(1703-1784). French. Antiquarian
and botanist, Nimes. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
is glad that Linnaeus has seen Michele Enrico SagramosoSagramoso, Michele Enrico
(1720-1791). Italian. Marquis, Verona.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, who has told Séguier much about Linnaeus’s humanity and work. Sagramoso had written to Séguier and said that he would go to Uppsala, and Séguier had answered advising him to contact Linnaeus, whose position he had described. That had been superfluous, since the young man already knew that. Séguier had received three letters with details about what Sagramoso had seen in Uppsala.

Sagramoso is now in Russia and plans to go to Hamburg in September. He has promised to send Séguier a description of the Uppsala University Botanical Garden [Linnéträdgården]Linnéträdgården,
Swedish. The Uppsala University
Botanical Garden was founded by Olof
Rudbeck the Elder in 1655.
], which Séguier is eager to see. Séguier had never received the copies of Flora SvecicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora Svecica,
exhibens plantas per regnum Sveciae
crescentes, systematice cum differentiis
specierum, synonymis autorum, nominibus,
incolarum, solo locorum, usu
pharmacopaeorum
(Leiden 1745).
Soulsby no. 408.
and Iter Gotlandicum [Séguier refers to the Öländska och gothländska resaLinnaeus, Carl
Öländska och
Gothländska Resa på Riksens
högloflige ständers befallning
förrättad åhr 1741. Med
anmärkningar uti oeconomien,
natural-historien, antiquiteter &c
med åtskillige figurer

(Stockholm & Uppsala 1745). Soulsby
no. 202.
], which he had asked for and which Linnaeus may have sent to Johan Frederik GronoviusGronovius, Johan Frederik
(1690-1762). Dutch. Naturalist, senator
of Leiden. Linnaeus’s benefactor and
friend. Published Flora Virginica
(1743, 1762) together with John Clayton.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Leyden on his behalf. He has even tried to obtain those works from booksellers in Genua and Holland, but without result.

Séguier is sorry that Linnaeus’s pupil Tromstron [Christopher TärnströmTärnström, Christopher
(1711-1746). Swedish. Clergyman and
botanist. At the recommendation of
Linnaeus, he was accepted as chaplain by
the Swedish East India Company. In 1746
he departed for China but died on the
island of Pulo Candor, Vietnam.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] had died on his way back from China. He hopes that Pehr KalmKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
will return safe from America, and that, if the pupil sent to Palestine [Fredrik HasselquistHasselquist, Fredrik
(1722-1752). Swedish. Physician and
naturalist, explorer. Studied under
Linnaeus and Lars Roberg 1741-1749. Went
to Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Cyprus,
Rhodes and the island of Chios. Died
near Smyrna. Son of Magnus and Helena
Maria Hasselquist, brother of Andreas
Hasselquist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] returns by land, he will visit Verona during that journey.

Johann Georg Gmelin’sGmelin, Johann Georg
(1709-1755). German. Voyager, botanist
and chemist. At the initiative of
empress Anna of Russia he spent ten
years (1733-1743) exploring Siberia. In
1749 he became professor of botany and
chemistry at Tübingen. Together
with his nephew Samuel Gottlieb he wrote
Flora Sibirica (1747-1769).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Flora SibiricaGmelin, Johann Georg Flora
Sibirica, sive Historia plantarum
Sibiriae
(St Petersburg 1747-1769).
has not yet been delivered to Italy. Since no Italian botanist had visited that country, it will contain many species unknown to them. Séguier is very much concerned about the museum in St Petersburg, which is said to have been destroyed in a fire.

Séguier has two editions of Systema naturae, from Paris [Systema naturae, 4th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
naturae
, 4th edition (Paris, 1744).
Soulsby no. 48.
] and from Amsterdam [there was no edition published in Amsterdam]. He has not seen the others.

There was an epidemic disease among cattle in Séguier’s region last year, described by RaudotRaudot, French. Doctor of
Medicine, Dijon.
in French. Séguier had translated it into Italian [Del male epidemico de’bestiami dissertazioneRaudot, Del male epidemico
de’bestiami dissertazione
(Verona,
1748).
] and added a preface describing other reports on cattle diseases in Italy. They are frequent.

The year before, Séguier had collected fossils and depicted them in 70 plates. The Verona region is very rich in such. They will be published sometime, with an appendix containing others occurring elsewhere in Italy. 15 of the plates present fishes, six or seven plants [this work was never completed].

Séguier is now busy with an edition of Gabriel Grisley’sGrisley, Gabriel Portuguese.
Chemist.
Viridarium LusitanumGrisley, Gabriel Viridarium
Lusitanum in quo arborum fruticum &
herbarum differentiae onomasti insertae,
quas ager Ulyssiponensis ultra citraque
Tagum ad trigesimum usque lapidem
profert
(Lisbon 1661).
[Séguier republished it in 1749, Viridarium Lusitanum, [Verona edition]Grisley, Gabriel Viridarium
Lusitanum : in quo arborum fruticum,
& herbarum differentiæ
onomasti insertae, quas ager
Ulyssiponensis ultra citraque Tagum ad
trigesimum usque lapidem profert /
collectae per Gabrielem Grisley
chymiatrum et botanicum ; accessere
Joannis Raii de auctore, & opere
judicium, nec non adnotatiunculae ex
ejusdem stirpium exterarum catalogo ;
item index alter Lusitanarum plantarum
ex variis auctoribus excerptus

(Verona, 1749).
] together with a comment on Grisley by John RayRay, John (1627-1705).
British. Naturalist and clergyman. One
of the most influential botanists before
Linnaeus.
[Ray’s comment was published in Ray’s Stirpium Europaearum extra Britannias nascentium syllogeRay, John Stirpium
Europaearum extra Britannias nascentium
sylloge : quas partim observavit ipse,
partim è Car. Clusii Historia, C.
Bauhini Prod. & cat. Bas. F.
Columnae Ecphrasi, Catalogis
Hollandicar. A. Commelini, Altorfinarum
M. Hofmanni, Sicularum P. Bocconi,
Monspeliensium P. Magnoli Collegit
Joannes Raius : adjiciuntur catalogi
rariorum Alpinarum & Pyrenaicarum,
Baldensium, Hispanicarum Grisleii,
Graecarum & Orientalium, Creticarum,
AEgyptiacarum aliique: ab eodem

(London, 1694).
]. Séguier is not too impressed by that little work, but there should be some copies of it available, especially as Gronovius’s edition of that work is not available in Italy. Séguier will send Linnaeus a copy when it is ready.

P.S. Séguier asks Linnaeus for dried specimens of Swedish plants or rare plants from the Uppsala University Botanical Garden. He is eager to collect items for his herbarium.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, XIV, 51-52). [1] [2] [3]