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Link: • David de Gorter to Carl Linnaeus, 23 February 1759 n.s.
Dated 23 Februarii S. N. 1759.. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


The previous week David de GorterGorter, David de (1707 or
1717-1783). Dutch. Botanist and
physician. Succeeded his father Johannes
de Gorter as physician-in-ordinary to
the Empress Elizabeth of Russia. Son of
Susanna de Gorter, brother of Herman
Boerhaave de Gorter. Correspondent of
received Linnaeus’s letter dated 8 January [1759] [this letter has nt come down to us] and finally also the package that Linnaeus had destined for him long ago. He thanks Linnaeus for his gift. Gorter has read and reread Linnaeus’s dissertations. Gorter lists the dissertations that he is still lacking and asks Linnaeus to send these as well: ”Centura plant. officinalis” [Gorter means Centuria I. PlantarumLinnaeus, Carl Centuria I.
, diss., resp. A. Juslenius
(Uppsala 1756). Soulsby no. 1848.
, CynographiaLinnaeus, Carl
Cynographia, diss., resp. E. M.
Lindecrantz (Uppsala, 1753). Soulsby no.
, Flora AnglicaLinnaeus, Carl Flora
, diss., resp. I. O.
Grufberg (Uppsala, 1754). Soulsby no.
, Herbarium Amboinense, quod [...] sub praesidio [...] Caroli LinnaeiLinnaeus, Carl Herbarium
Amboinense, quod [...] sub praesidio
[...] Caroli Linnaei
, diss., resp.
O. Stickman (Uppsala [1754]).
, Cervus rhenoLinnaeus, Carl Cervus
, diss., resp. C. F. Hoffberg
(Uppsala 1754). Soulsby no. 1823.
, ”Mus Indicus” [Gorter means Dissertatio academica de mure IndicoLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
academica de mure Indico
, diss.,
resp. J.J. Nauman (Uppsala, 1754).
Soulsby no. 1833.
], Horticultura academicaLinnaeus, Carl Horticultura
, diss., resp. J. G.
Wollrath (Uppsala 1754). Soulsby no.
, ”Chinensia Lagerström” [Gorter means Specimen academicum sistens Chinensia LagerströmianaLinnaeus, Carl Specimen
academicum sistens Chinensia
, diss., resp. J.
L. Odhelius (Uppsala, 1754). Soulsby no.
], ”Metamorphos. plant.” [Gorter means Dissertatio botanica metamorphoses plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
botanica metamorphoses plantarum
, diss., resp. Nils E.
Dahlberg (Uppsala, 1755). Soulsby no.
], AcetariaLinnaeus, Carl Acetaria,
diss., resp. H. von den Burg (Uppsala
1756). Soulsby no. 1928
, Febris UpsaliensisLinnaeus, Carl Febris
Upsaliensis [---]
, diss., resp. A.
Boström (uppsala, 1757). Soulsby
no. 1947.

On 2 February 1759 Gorter sent Linnaeus the seeds that he wanted [Gorter to Linnaeus, 2 February 1759Letter L2507]. Next spring he will send Pulmonaria and Cucumis together with other plants. Gorter now sends the illustration of the small birds, that, filled with tow, Gorter received from America a few years ago.

Gorter has a dried specimen of Arundo chamaecalamus but there is no fructification.

Gorter has found Marsilea salvinia among the plants collected in Italy.

Johann Georg Gmelin’sGmelin, Johann Georg
(1709-1755). German. Voyager, botanist
and chemist. At the initiative of
empress Anna of Russia he spent ten
years (1733-1743) exploring Siberia. In
1749 he became professor of botany and
chemistry at Tübingen. Together
with his nephew Samuel Gottlieb he wrote
Flora Sibirica (1747-1769).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Solidago, Flora SibiricaGmelin, Johann Georg Flora
Sibirica, sive Historia plantarum
(St Petersburg 1747-1769).
, II, n. 138, t. 74, is not Othonna sibirica in Linnaeus’s, Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 480.
, n. 4, etc.

Gorter wants Linnaeus to send him his explanation of the sexuality of plants but written in another hand. Gorter will then see to it that it is handed over to the Imperial Academy of Sciences of St Petersburg [Imperatorskaja akademija naukImperatorskaja akademija nauk,
Imperial Academy of Sciences

Russian. Imperial Academy of Sciences of
St Petersburg, founded in 1725. Its
publications are Commentarii
Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis
, 1-14 (1726 -
1744/1746 [i.e. pub. 1728 - 1751]) and
Novi Commentarii Academiae
Scientiarum Imperialis
, 1-20 (1747/1748 -
1775 [i.e. pub. 1750 - 1776]).
] without Linnaeus’s name. [Gorter refers to Linnaeus’s contribution to a competition regarding the sexuality of plants].

Gorter is very grateful to the Swedish legate, Mauritz PossePosse, Mauritz (1712-1787).
Swedish. Baron. Swedish envoy at the
Russian court. Governor of the province
of Älvsborg. Correspondent of
Linnaeus. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, who sends on Gorter’s letters.


a. original holograph (LS, V, 104-105). [1] [2] [3]