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Link: • David de Gorter to Carl Linnaeus, 2 February 1759 n.s.
Dated 2 Febr. S.N. 1759.. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


David de GorterGorter, David de (1707 or
1717-1783). Dutch. Botanist and
physician. Succeeded his father Johannes
de Gorter as physician-in-ordinary to
the Empress Elizabeth of Russia. Son of
Susanna de Gorter, brother of Herman
Boerhaave de Gorter. Correspondent of
has received Linnaeusís letter dated 8 December 1758 [this letter hs not come down to us] in which he had asked Gorter to send him seeds. Johann Christian HebenstreitHebenstreit, Johann Christian
(1720-1795). German. Botanist, son of
Johann Ernst Hebenstreit, educated at
Leipzig. At St Petersburg from 1749-1751
and 1755-1761. Correspondent of
has given these seeds to Gorter and also a letter for Linnaeus [Hebenstreit to Linnaeus, 26 January 1759Letter L2484]. The Anemone in Linnaeusís Species plantarumLinnaeus, Carl Species
(Stockholm 1753). Soulsby
no. 480.
, n. 12, has never yielded seeds in St Petersburg. However, Gorter will send live roots on a proper occasion. Gorter will be grateful for all kinds of seeds, especially those of less known and rare plants. Gorter sent the only dried specimen of Rheum that he had to Linnaeus on 11 December 1758 [Gorter to Linnaeus, 11 December 1758Letter L2448]. At the same time the secretary of Mauritz PossePosse, Mauritz (1712-1787).
Swedish. Baron. Swedish envoy at the
Russian court. Governor of the province
of Älvsborg. Correspondent of
Linnaeus. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, the Swedish legate, wrote to Abraham BäckBäck, Abraham (1713-1795).
Swedish. Physician, president of the
Collegium Medicum, Stockholm. Close
friend of Linnaeus. Correspondent of
that he should send over as soon as possible the package that Linnaeus has entrusted him with. Gorter wants to know who has sent Linnaeus specimens of Gorteria from the Cape of Good Hope, so that Gorter, through his friends in the Holland, can ask for seeds from this man.

Gorter asks to whom in Stockholm he is to send the live plants that Linnaeus has asked for.

Gorter will send the small birds by messenger.

Gorter has no specimen of Paeonia laciniis foliorum linearibus. According to Joseph Gottlieb KölreuterKolreuter, Joseph Gottlieb
(1733-1806). German. Botanist,
published a pioneering work on plant
the character of the flower is similar to that of Paeonia vulgaris.

Prior to Johann Gottfried ZinnZinn, Johann Gottfried
(1727-1759). German. Physician and
botanist, director of the botanical
garden of Göttingen (1753).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Johann Georg SiegesbeckSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
(1686-1755). German. Prussian botanist,
doctor of medicine at Wittenberg in
1716, physician and director of the
botanical garden at St Petersburg
1735-1747. One of the most bitter
opponents of Linnaeusís sexual system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
mentioned this plant in Primitiae florae PetropolitanaeSiegesbeck, Johann Georg
Primitiae florae Petropolitanae, sive
Catalogus plantarum tam indigenarum quam
exoticarum, quibus instructus fuit
hortus medicus Petriburgensis per annum
(Riga 1736).
, Suppl., p. 25. In his manuscripts Johann Georg GmelinGmelin, Johann Georg
(1709-1755). German. Voyager, botanist
and chemist. At the initiative of
empress Anna of Russia he spent ten
years (1733-1743) exploring Siberia. In
1749 he became professor of botany and
chemistry at Tübingen. Together
with his nephew Samuel Gottlieb he wrote
Flora Sibirica (1747-1769).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
calls it Paeonia fructibus hirsutis paucis, laciniis foliorum linearibus. It does not grow in Siberia but in Ukraine, etc. Gorter would like to have two copies of Linnaeusís Systema naturae, 10th edition Linnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
as soon as it has been published. He offers to pay for them himself. Gorter has a large family consisting of five children and the sixth is on its way. He is paid ten thousand Dutch florins a year.

Gorter sends his regards to Linnaeusís family. He remembers that the name of Linnaeusís wife is Sara Elisabet Morinaea [Sara Elisabet MoraeaMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeusís wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.


a. original holograph (LS, V, 102-103). [1] [2] [3]