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Link: • Miguel Barnades to Carl Linnaeus, 26 March 1759 n.s.
Dated 26a Martis 1759. Sent from Madrid (Spain) to (). Written in Latin.


Miguel BarnadesBarnades, Miguel (?-1771).
Spanish. Botanist. Personal physician of
Carlos III, Madrid. Correspondent of
thanks Linnaeus for his letter dated 22 December 1758 [this letter has not come down to us], received through Daniel ScheidenburgScheidenburg, Daniel (1720-?).
Swedish. Clergyman. Studied under
Linnaeus. Chaplain at the Swedish
legation in Madrid. Copied Pehr
Löflingís manuscripts.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, and admits that he should have written earlier, but as his wife had been very ill he had not been able to do so. Now, she is recovering.

Barnades was very glad that the specimens of plants and birds, sent with the young Hildebrands [Jacob Henrik HildebrandHildebrand, Jacob Henrik
(1742-1759). Swedish. Lieutenant.
and Claes Henrik HildebrandHildebrand, Claes Henrik
(1743-1809). Swedish. Lieutenant.
], had arrived in good order and had pleased Linnaeus. He is eager to see Linnaeusís comments on the plants that may grow from the seeds he sent.

Barnades congratulates Linnaeus on the publication of Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
and wants to obtain a copy, and also copies of some other works, such as Michael AlbertiAlberti, Michael (1682-1757).
German. German professor of medicine at
Halle, the successor of Georg Ernst
, De erroribus in pharmacopoliisAlberti, Michael De erroribus
in pharmacopoliis ex neglecto studio
botanico obviis
, diss., resp. J. F.
Koronzaey (Halle, 1733).
, Pehr LöflingLöfling, Pehr (1729-1756).
Swedish. Botanist and explorer. Studied
under Linnaeus. Went to Spain in 1751
and took part in the Spanish expedition
to Venezuela in 1754, where he died.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, Iter Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska länderna uti Europa och AmericaLöfling, Pehr Iter
Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska
länderna uti Europa och America

(Stockholm 1758).
], and promises to pay all the costs of getting them.

The rest of the letter is taken up by three descriptions of birds and a short discussion of the difficulties of using vernacular names and learned names fortuitously for these species. Identification is often very uncertain due to this.

Barnades gives an additional list of eighteen rare birds, recently observed, and he offers Linnaeus descriptions of those if Linnaeus wants them.

Barnades reports from their mutual friend José OrtegaOrtega, José (?-1761).
Spanish. Military pharmacist of the
Spanish army. Secretary of the Academy
of Medicine of Madrid. Correspondent of
that Pehr Löflingís plant specimens, which Linnaeus expected from Ortega, had been handed over to Scheidenburg and that they would be sent after Barnades had seen them and made additions to the brief notations that the original collector, Löfling, had once made to them.


a. (LS, I, 336-338). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]


1. Bref och skrifvelser (1916), vol. II:1, p. 156-158   p.156  p.157  p.158.