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Link: • David de Gorter to Carl Linnaeus, 24 April 1759 n.s.
Dated 1759. 13 april. S. V.. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


David de GorterGorter, David de (1707 or
1717-1783). Dutch. Botanist and
physician. Succeeded his father Johannes
de Gorter as physician-in-ordinary to
the Empress Elizabeth of Russia. Son of
Susanna de Gorter, brother of Herman
Boerhaave de Gorter. Correspondent of
has received Linnaeus’s letters dated 10 March [1759] and 26 March [1759 [these letters have not come down to us]. He eagerly awaits Linnaeus’s Systema naturae [Gorter refers to Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
] and the dissertations he ordered.

Gorter is happy that many of the seeds that he has sent have now germinated.

Gorter already has in his possession Wilhelm Heinrich Kramer’sKramer, Wilhelm Heinrich
(?-1765). German. German-born Austrian
botanist and physician. Military surgeon
at Bruck a. Leitha. Correspondent of
, ”Floram Austriae Inferioris & Faunam” [Gorter refers to Elenchus vegetabilium et animalium per Austriam inferioremKramer, Wilhelm Heinrich
Elenchus vegetabilium et animalium
per Austriam inferiorem observatorum

(Vienna and Prague 1756).
] which is a beautiful work; had only Kramer also described the insects. Gorter has not yet seen George Edwards’sEdwards, George (1693-1773).
British. Ornithologist and artist.
Visited the Netherlands, France and
Scandinavia. Best known for his
History of birds (1747-1751).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
work on birds [Gorter refers to A natural history of uncommon birdsEdwards, George A natural
history of birds : Most of which have
not been figur'd or describ'd, and
others very little known from obscure or
too brief Descriptions without Figures,
or from Figures very ill design'd.
Containing the figures of sixty birds
and two quadrupedes, engrav'd on
fifty-two copper plates, after curious
Original Drawings from Life, and exactly
colour'd. With full and accurate
(London, [1743]). [Also
issued as part of: 'A natural history of
uncommon birds', London, [1751]].
]. Perhaps it will be among the works he is expecting from Holland this spring.

With Arundo chamaecalamus Gorter means Arundo repens or Chamaecalamus C.B. His specimen responds to a paragraph in Robert Morison’sMorison, Robert (1620-1683).
British. Botanist and physician.
Physician-in-ordinary to Charles II.
Professor in botany at Oxford.
”hist” [Gorter refers to Plantarum historiae universalis Oxoniensis pars secunda-tertiaMorison, Robert Plantarum
historiae universalis Oxoniensis pars
secunda-tertia, seu Herbarum distributio
nova, per tabulas cognationis et
affinitatis [...] observata &
(Oxford 1680-1699).

Gorter wants Linnaeus to send him Daniel Solander’s Elementa botanica printed in Uppsala in 1756 [Gorter refers to Elementa botanica. Edidit Dan. SolanderLinnaeus, Carl Elementa
botanica. Edidit Dan. Solander

(Uppsala 1756), Soulsby no. 540.
, reprinted in Systema naturae, 10th edition, vol. 2, pp. 825-827].

Gorter would be very grateful for specimens of dried rare plants.

Gorter would like to have the type of the medallion that Carl Gustaf Tessin Carl Gustaf TessinTessin, Carl Gustaf
(1695-1770). Swedish. Count, important
politician and patron of science and
art. He supported Swedish artists and
scientists and collected art, books and
natural history objects. He assisted
Linnaeus’s career in many ways. Married
to Lovisa Ulrica Tessin. Uncle to
Fredrik Sparre. Correspondent of
has had engraved in honour of Linnaeus.

Gorter has forwarded Linnaeus’s letter and seeds to Johann Christian HebenstreitHebenstreit, Johann Christian
(1720-1795). German. Botanist, son of
Johann Ernst Hebenstreit, educated at
Leipzig. At St Petersburg from 1749-1751
and 1755-1761. Correspondent of

Gorter still remembers Linnaeus’s wife’s name [Sara Elisabet Moraea’sMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeus’s wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.
], because in 1735 Linnaeus had often drunk a toast to her health. Those were happy days.

Gorter’s wife [Cornelia de GorterGorter, Cornelia de
(1726-1772). Dutch. Wife of David de
Gorter, born Bucerus.
] sends her regards.

P.S. The present letter was written in the house of Mauritz PossePosse, Mauritz (1712-1787).
Swedish. Baron. Swedish envoy at the
Russian court. Governor of the province
of Älvsborg. Correspondent of
Linnaeus. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, where Gorter that very day had lunch.


a. original holograph (LS, V, 106-107). [1] [2] [3]