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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2549 • Carl Linnaeus to Abraham Bäck, 31 July 1759 n.s.
Dated 1759 d. ult. julii.. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Stockholm (Sweden). Written in Swedish & Latin.

Min Kiäreste H[err] Broder.

[Att Herr][…][a][a] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
inserted readings have been taken from
ED1
]
Clerck begynt med H[ennes] M[ajeste]ts Papilioner är mig kiärt, så wida wettenskapen winner anseligt augement, och Hennes M[ajestet] odöd[e]ligit minne; mins mig att detta warar lä[nge]. Hennes M[ajestet] har på min ähra ej mer [än 300][…][a][a] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
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papilioner, och 60 Phalaener; säg endast [till] […][a][a] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
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H[err] Clerck att han ej ritar europaeiske [in]secter. Om M[in] Br[oder] har någon ledsamhet, [så] tohl, ty det angår wettenskapen; M[in] Br[oder] får meriten att räddat äfwen detta ifrån interitu, sic itur ad astra. Intet går något sönder för H[err] Clerck, och om d[et] [gingo] [---][a][a] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
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sönder, kan han [endas]t läka [---].[b][b] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
several sentences are missing
]

Wij frukta här att Hans M[ajeste]t får longsot, jag wet ej wähl af hwad ondt rykte.

Gud hielpe M[in] Br[oder]s lilla son; jag wet icke hwad går åt alla M[in] Br[oder]s B[arn som al]la plågas af ett malo äller [---][b][b] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
several sentences are missing
]
mine medel wet M[in] Br[oder]; de hafwa hulpit hos mig och andra, men ej hedrat mig hos min kiäraste wän.

jag har haft bref från h[err] Jacquin, som hemkommit ifrån Carthagena, Martinica, Cuba att sambla wäxter, har afritat präktigt 350 wäxter, ärnar sända mig dem, att höra mig öfwer dem för än de utgifwas. Har giort präktiga observationer.

Han taxerar Brownii Historia, jag wet ej med tillräckelige skiähl [--].[b][b] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
several sentences are missing
]

non sine singulari stupore eirca praestantiam tuorum principiorum pluries miratus sum Te divinasse structuram plantarum, quas numquam [vi]deras, et cognovisse rem aliter se habere [quam][a][a] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
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auctores autoptae asserebant, seu [errores] [a][a] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
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Plumieri et aliorum conjectando detexisse, ut pluribus exemplis probare potero, ac si vidiss[es][a][a] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
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vivas plantas. hoc ille.

Professor Boecler så Botanices, som Anatomiae Professoren är död i strasburg.

Botanices Professionen i Padua blifwer [in]dragen äfter Pontedera, sedan Dona[ti] som skall gå till AEgypten, ej wille […][a][a] : MS1 [manuscript damaged;
inserted readings have been taken from
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]
den emottaga.

Vale et Tuo fave Linnaeo

Upsaliae 1759 d[ie] ult[ima] julii.

Archiatren
Wälborne H[err] D[octo]r Baeck
St[ockholm]

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus has started work on depicting the butterflies in the Queen’s [Lovisa UlrikaLovisa Ulrika, (1720-1782).
Swedish. Queen of Sweden 1751-1771.
Married to Adolf Fredrik. Mother of
Gustav III. Sister of Fredric II of
Prussia. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] collection, which pleases Linnaeus. Linnaeus just reminds Bäck that Carl Alexander ClerckClerck, Carl Alexander
(1709-1765). Swedish. Entomologist.
Assessor in Stockholm. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
should not depict the European species and that the work will take a long time, but it is a very important work [Linnaeus refers to Clerck’s Icones insectorum rariorumClerck, Carl Alexander Icones
insectorum rariorum cum nominibus eorum
trivialibus, locisqve e C: Linnaei [...
] Syst: nat: allegatis
, 2 vol.,
(Stockholm 1759-1765).
].

Linnaeus has heard a rumour that the King [Adolf FredrikAdolf Fredrik, (1710-1771).
Swedish. King of Sweden. Reigned
1751-1771. Married to Lovisa Ulrika.
Father of Gustav III. Chancellor of
Uppsala university 1747-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] is developing phthisis.

Linnaeus is concerned for Bäck’s little son [Frederic Ulric Abraham BäckBäck, Fredric Ulric Abraham
(1759-1759). Swedish. Son of Anna
Charlotta and Abraham Bäck.
]. Linnaeus’s treatments have helped others in a similar situation, but when it comes to Bäck’s, his best friend’s, son they seem useless.

Linnaeus has received a letter [this letter has not come down to us] from Nicolas Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
[see also François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
to Linnaeus, 10 July 1759Letter L2557] who has returned from the islands of the West Indies. He has depicted more than 350 plants there, and he will consult Linnaeus before he publishes them. Jacquin seems to be critical against Patrick Browne’sBrowne, Patrick (1720-1790).
Irish. Botanist who made six voyages to
the West Indies. In 1756 he published
The Civil and natural history of
Jamaica
(1756). Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
"Historia" [Linnaeus refers to The Civil and natural history of JamaicaBrowne, Patrick The Civil and
natural history of Jamaica: in three
parts: containing, I. An accurate
description of that island [...] with a
brief account of its former and present
state, government, revenues, produce,
and trade: II. A history of the natural
productions [...] native fossils [...]:
III: An account of the nature of
climates in general, and their
different effects upon the human
body
(London 1756).
], and Linnaeus does not know why. Linnaeus quotes a very flattering passage in Latin from Jacquin’s letter, where Jacquin says that he is surprised that Linnaeus can so easily see the real facts and discover the errors with Charles PlumierPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works.
and others.

Johannes BoeclerBoecler, Johannes (1710-1759).
German?. Professor of Botany, Chemistry
and Physics, Strasbourg.
, professor in Strasbourg, has died.

The position of Professor of Botany in Padua will be withdrawn, since Giulio PontederaPontedera, Giulio (1688-1757).
Italian. Director of the botanical
garden and professor of botany at Padua.
He rejected Linnaeus’s system. Linnaeus
named a family of Narcissoides,
Pontederia, after him.
has died and Vitaliano DonatiDonati, Vitaliano (1713-1763).
Italian. Professor of natural history,
Turin. Travelled in the Balkans and in
the Orient. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, mentioned as his successor, preferred to go to Egypt.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnés arkiv). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Bref och skrifvelser (1911), vol. I:5, p. 71-72   p.71  p.72.

upTEXTUAL NOTES

a.
MS1 [manuscript damaged; inserted readings have been taken from ED1]
b.
MS1 [manuscript damaged; several sentences are missing]