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Link: • Peter Collinson to Carl Linnaeus, 25 July 1759 n.s.
Dated July 25:1759. Sent from London (Great Britain) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in English.


Peter CollinsonCollinson, Peter (1694-1768).
British. Merchant and amateur naturalist
in London, corresponded with many
scientists. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
regrets that Daniel SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has been away for so long. He wonders about the name of the ship and from what port it sailed.

Collinson thanks Linnaeus for his letter of May 31 [this letter has not come down to us]. The winter in England has been the mildest ever known, spring was early and agreeable and the summer was the warmest since 1750. Crops are abundant, and the new wheat has been on the market since July 21.

Bierken [Pehr af BjerkénBjerkén, Pehr af
(1731-1774). Swedish. Pupil of
Linnaeus. City medical officer,
Stockholm. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] will be able to give Linnaeus more news from England.

Collinson has two species of Rhabarbarum vera, one with broad leaves, one with narrow and curled leaves. One has come from the Jesuits in Peking, and the other from Johann AmmanAmman, Johann (1707-1741).
Swiss/Russian?. Curator of Hans Sloane’s
natural history collection. Professor of
botany at the Imperial Academy of
Sciences at St Petersburg. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
. In the Chelsea garden, however, Collinson has seen a third kind, very different, which Philip MillerMiller, Philip (1691-1771).
British. Gardener of the Chelsea Physic
Garden. Corresponded with many
botanists. His rich herbarium was sold
to Joseph Banks. Correspondent of
told him was sent from Holland. It has all other characteristics of the true rhubarb. Collinson encloses some seeds gathered on July 18 in the Chelsea garden.

Collinson sends Linnaeus some money owed to him after he had paid six shillings for Patrick Browne’sBrowne, Patrick (1720-1790).
Irish. Botanist who made six voyages to
the West Indies. In 1756 he published
The Civil and natural history of
(1756). Correspondent of
specimens [Collinson refers to the Jamaican Herbarium collected by Browne, and purchased by Linnaeus].

Linnaeus had mentioned he would send Collinson the new edition of Systema naturae [Collinson refers to the forthcoming, Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
], but Collinson has not yet got it, which disappoints him.

Collinson is glad that Linnaeus received the butterflies he had sent him.

Collinson asks Linnaeus to let him hear from him, and he repeats his address.

P.S. In a postscript dated July 26, Collinson reminds Linnaeus that he wants to know about what is discovered about the migration of swallows, and what Linnaeus himself and other people think about the matter.


a. original holograph (LS, XVII, 67r-67v). [1] [2]


1. A selection (1821), vol. 1, p. 52-54   p.52  p.53  p.54.
2. “Forget not Mee & My Garden ...” (2002), p. 218 .