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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2557 • François Boissier de La Croix de Sauvages to Carl Linnaeus, 10 July 1759 n.s.
Dated 10 julii 1759. Sent from Montpellier (France) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.

upSUMMARY

A month ago François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
sent a letter to Linnaeus from Antoine GouanGouan, Antoine (1733-1821).
French. Botanist, Montpellier. Student
under Sauvages. Director of the
botanical garden in 1767, later
professor of botany and medicine.
Although an admirer of Linnaeus he tried
to develop a hybrid of his system of
classification. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
[presumably Gouan to Linnaeus, 29 april 1759Letter L2524], who is now working on a new edition of Peter ArtediísArtedi, Peter (1705-1735).
Swedish. Ichtyologist. Close friend of
Linnaeus.
Ichthyologia sive opera omnia de piscibusArtedi, Peter Ichthyologia
sive opera omnia de piscibus, scilicet:
Bibliotheca ichthyologica. Philosophia
ichthyologica. Genera piscium. Synonymia
specierum. Descriptiones specierum.
Omnia in hoc genere perfectiora, quam
antea ulla. Posthuma vindicavit,
recognovit, coaptavit & edidit
Carolus Linnaeus
(Leiden 1738).
[Sauvages presumably means Gouanís ichtyological research, published 1770 in Historia pisciumGouan, Antoine Historia
piscium, sistens ipsorum anatomen
externam, internam, atque genera in
classes et ordines redacta [...]

(Strasbourg, 1770).
]. Gouan has recently sent insects to Linnaeus. Together with these insects Dr PechPech, French?. sent about 30 species of gramineae not yet classified. Sauvages has been visited by Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
of Leyden. He is a physician and also the Emperorís [Josef IIJosef II, Emperor of Austria
(1741-1790). Austrian. Reigned from
1765-1790.
], botanist. On imperial orders he was sent to Martinique, Cuba and other islands, from which he has returned with drawings and pictures of 350 plants, all well characterized according to the Linnean system. Sauvages has advised Jacquin to offer the whole collection to Linnaeus for expert analysis and publication.

In America Jacquin acquired Patrick BrowneísBrowne, Patrick (1720-1790).
Irish. Botanist who made six voyages to
the West Indies. In 1756 he published
The Civil and natural history of
Jamaica
(1756). Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
flora [Sauvages refers to The Civil and natural history of JamaicaBrowne, Patrick The Civil and
natural history of Jamaica: in three
parts: containing, I. An accurate
description of that island [...] with a
brief account of its former and present
state, government, revenues, produce,
and trade: II. A history of the natural
productions [...] native fossils [...]:
III: An account of the nature of
climates in general, and their
different effects upon the human
body
(London 1756).
] and found many faults and misconceptions there, e.g. Browne had mistaken the faeces of insects for seeds. Among these American species there are many that are not classified including 5-6 palms. One plant is said to be very effective against snakes, and its mere smell can chase them away. A long list of Jacquinís plants is presented. Jacquin is extremely impressed by Linnaeusís precision in predicting the structure and properties of plants he has not even seen. Unfortunately, Jacquin did not bring back one single dried plant, no species of grass, no mosses, no algae, no stones.

Vitaliano DonatiDonati, Vitaliano (1713-1763).
Italian. Professor of natural history,
Turin. Travelled in the Balkans and in
the Orient. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
could not accept the chair offered him because the King of Sardinia [Carlo Emanuele III de SavoieCarlo Emanuele III, King of Sardinia
(1701-1773). Italian. Reigned
1730-1773.
] sent him on a mission to Egypt together with Sauvagesís disciple Dr Roche [Sauvages means Bartolomo Giambattista RoncoRonco, Bartolomo Giambattista
Italian.
]. Sauvages needs Linnaeusís Swedish edition of Species animalium [Fauna SvecicaLinnaeus, Carl Fauna Svecica
sistens animalia Sveciae regni:
quadrupedia, aves, amphibia, pisces,
insecta, vermes, distributa per classes
& ordines, genera & species. Cum
differentiis specierum, synonymis
autorum, nominibus incolarum, locis
habitationum, descriptionibus
insectorum
(Stockholm, 1746).
Soulsby no. 1151.
], because the Leyden edition [Fauna SvecicaLinnaeus, Carl Fauna Svecica
sistens animalia Sveciae regni:
quadrupedia, aves, amphibia, pisces,
insecta, vermes, distributa per classes
& ordines, genera & species. Cum
differentiis specierum, synonymis
autorum, nominibus incolarum, locis
habitationum, descriptionibus
insectorum
(Leiden 1746). Soulsby
no. 1152.
], the only available one, is incomplete. The third volume of Amoenitates academicaeLinnaeus, Carl Amoenitates
academicae
, I-X (Stockholm
1749-1790). Soulsby no. 1280.
,impossible to acquire in Montpellier [volume 3 was published in 1756], is also desired.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. (LS, XIII, 113-114). [1] [2] [3]