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C18

Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2590 • Carl Linnaeus to Nicolaus Joseph, baron von Jacquin, September-October 1759 n.s.
Dated . Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Wien (Austria). Written in Latin.

upSUMMARY

Linnaeus thanks Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus.
devotedly for his letter (28 August 1759)Letter L2562 and expresses his envy – Jacquin has been able to see all these American plants in real life.

The Lens phaseoloides issue is continued: Linnaeus has one in his garden, but it has not got flowers and he doubts that it can be the same as the one described by Jacquin, which might be a Mimosa. On the other hand, this genus is very difficult to define, and Pehr Löfling’sLöfling, Pehr (1729-1756).
Swedish. Botanist and explorer. Studied
under Linnaeus. Went to Spain in 1751
and took part in the Spanish expedition
to Venezuela in 1754, where he died.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
work on plants in South America [Linnaeus refers to Iter Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska länderna uti Europa och AmericaLöfling, Pehr Iter
Hispanicum, eller resa til spanska
länderna uti Europa och America

(Stockholm 1758).
] does not give information enough. It thus could be a new species.

On a large number of species, Linnaeus makes comments and states his disagreement with earlier descriptions or his lack of knowledge, “Zabujaco seems to be a very strange species”.

Linnaeus advises Jacquin to use the services of Swedish diplomats staying at the court in Vienna, or the Austrian embassy in Stockholm, for transfer of seeds and other material. Seeds can be sent also in ordinary letters. Linnaeus even promises to refund Jacquin for his expense. But Jacquin is also urged to publish the results of his journey without delay, since the flora of South America is so little known in Europe.

In responding to Jacquin’s criticism in the previous letter, Linnaeus defends Patrick BrowneBrowne, Patrick (1720-1790).
Irish. Botanist who made six voyages to
the West Indies. In 1756 he published
The Civil and natural history of
Jamaica
(1756). Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
and describes him as an honest, devoted and generous scholar. That he has made mistakes or that some of his published descriptions are not fully reliable or complete, is something that Linnaeus explains as human weakness, mentioning that he finds this quite acceptable.

Linnaeus ends by asking Jacquin to send him a copy of Giovanni Antonio Scopoli’sScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
(1723-1788). Italian. Physician and
naturalist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Flora CarniolicaScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
Flora Carniolica exhibens plantas
Carniolae indigenas et distributas in
classes naturales. Cum differentiis
specificis, synonymis recentiorum, locis
natalibus, nominibus incolarum,
observationibus selectis, viribus
medicis
(Vienna 1760).
as soon as it is published, to be sent to Linnaeus through the embassy, and to forward his greetings to Gerhard van SwietenSwieten, Gerhard van
(1700-1772). Dutch. Pupil of Boerhaave.
Called by Maria Theresa to Vienna, where
he organised the public health system.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
. The latter should also to be told that Linnaeus has asked Pehr ForsskålForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeus’s student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
to collect Arabic coins during his stay in Arabia.

Other persons mentioned: Carl Gustaf TessinTessin, Carl Gustaf
(1695-1770). Swedish. Count, important
politician and patron of science and
art. He supported Swedish artists and
scientists and collected art, books and
natural history objects. He assisted
Linnaeus’s career in many ways. Married
to Lovisa Ulrica Tessin. Uncle to
Fredrik Sparre. Correspondent of
Linnaeus.
and Pehr OsbeckOsbeck, Pehr (1723-1805).
Swedish. Clergyman, botanist explorer.
Studied at Uppsala under Linnaeus
1745-1750. Chaplain on ships of the
Swedish East India Company on voyages to
China. Vicar of Hasslöv (Halland).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
.

[2004-07-11]

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (UUB, G152g). [1] [2] [3] [4]

upEDITIONS

1. Caroli Linnaei epistolae ad Nicolaum Josephum Jacquin (1841), p. 3-7   p.3  p.4  p.5  p.6  p.7.