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Link: • Daniel Solander to Carl Linnaeus, 15 October 1759 n.s.
Dated d 15 Octobr. 1759. Sent from Västra Karleby (Sweden) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.


Daniel SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
will to Linnaeus explain the reason why he has been delayed in Scania and asks Linnaeus not to mention that to his parents [Margareta BostadiaBostadia, Magdalena
(1713-1789). Swedish. Daniel Solander’s
mother. Married to Carl Solander, dean
at Piteå. Correspondent of
and Carl SolanderSolander, Carl (1699-1760).
Swedish. Dean of Piteå. Amateur
scientist. Father of Daniel Solander.
Members of Maupertuis’ and Anders
Celsius’s expedition visited his
vicarage in 1737 and 1737.
], who might then draw back their permission to his journey.

Now Solander feels himself at good health and without any inconvenience.

When Solander left Stockholm his desire to see England was so strong that he only rested at Jonas Theodor FagraeusFagraeus, Jonas Theodor
(1729-1797). Swedish. Physician at
Alingsås. Correspondent of
parents at Hvittaryd [Fagraeus’s father was Johan FagraeusFagraeus, Johan Swedish.
Rector of Vittaryd, father of Jonas
Theodor Fagraeus.
]. After hasting for 5 days and having spent a couple of days in Scania he feels nauseous and thinks it comes from the humid houses. He received an answer from Helsingör that the English convoy should leave in a couple of weeks. He wished then to see Scania and visited with his relatives Lund, Malmö, Landscrona and the coal mine. He was taken ill with headache while visiting Magnus PrytzPrytz, Magnus (1711-1773).
Swedish. Headmaster (rector) at Halmstad
and Sireköpinge.
at Halmstad, who is said to have visited Linnaeus, as he was going to see relatives of his in Uppsala. They sent for Doctor Herbst [presumably Christian Fredric HerbstHerbst, Christian Fredric
(1721-1767). Swedish. Physician, in
1763 town physician, Malmö.
] at Landscrona, but his heavy head did not become easier during the month of May. He thinks that fresh air might help and goes to Barsebäck (1/2 Sw. mile away) and feels well, but was the following night more affected than before. He is convinced having caught the Uppsala fever and ordered curatives recommended in Linnaeus’s dissertation, Febris UpsaliensisLinnaeus, Carl Febris
Upsaliensis [---]
, diss., resp. A.
Boström (uppsala, 1757). Soulsby
no. 1947.
, among others quinine. He goes with his cousin [Sofia Elisabet PaterssenPaterssen, Sofia Elisabet
(1716-1802). Swedish. First cousin of
Daniel Solander, wife of Mathias
Paterssen. Born Burmarck.
] to Ramlösa spa and consulted Professor Rosén [Eberhard RosenbladRosenblad, Eberhard
(1714-1796). Swedish. Born
Rosén, ennobled Rosenblad in
1770, brother of Nils Rosén von
Rosenstein. Professor of medicine at
Lund in 1744.
], and was very disappointed with him. However, he recovered and went over to Helsingör to collect his letters, botanize for Lobelia in grassy locations [possibly Lobelia urens] and arrange for his journey, but on the sea voyage he got his heavy head back. After sending a few lines to Linnaeus and visiting Mr SpäätsSpäät, Swedish. gardens he has to haste back to Ramlösa. The quinine cure was quite unknown to people in Scania, and so was the dissertation [Febris Upsaliensis]. Christian WollinWollin, Christian (1730-1798).
Swedish. Docent of oriental languages,
Lund in 1751, assistent teacher
(adjunct) at the Faculty of Medicine,
Lund in 1755, Professor of Chemistry and
Pharmacy, Lund in 1761.
is considered a good physician in Lund. Gentlefolks credit him and he has cured Jonas WåhlinWåhlin, Jonas
(1699-1777). Swedish. Professor of
theology and dean, Lund.
twice, when Rosén [Rosenblad] failed.

During the whole of July and August he was neither well nor ill. He was invited together with the spa company to one of the English men-at-war in the Sound. He feels this time ill at ease and finds his only pleasure in collecting insects.

What has much contributed to prolong his indisposition would be his own worry about the delay, especially as he did not made known the true cause neither to Linnaeus nor to others. But he thought each morning to be the beginning of recovery. The most true reason that prevented him was the fear that his parents should get acquainted with his situation.

He tells it sapped his strength to hear the guns firing in Copenhagen, to see its towers, and to be invited by Jörgen Tyge HolmHolm, Jörgen Tyge
(1726-1759). Danish. Professor of
economy and natural history, Copenhagen.
Linnaeus’s student 1750-1751, 1754-1757.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
[and not have the opportunity to go there]. It was torment to see StrengStreng, Swedish. Magister,
and Abraham HülphersHülphers, Abraham
(1734-1798). Swedish. Merchant, music
writer, topographer and genealogist,
cross over without daring accompany them.

He expresses as his luck to be with so good relatives.

He has after three weeks without any indisposition taken the decision to set out and hasten to England as a place where he can practice to his advantage. His relatives and others have wished to dissuade him from going but his ardour and the advantages that could get lost do not permit further delay.

The only profit he has obtained of the delay is insight in Scanian economy. He thinks he knows Scania as well as any native. In Lund he saw the collections of natural history objects but everything in disorder. A catalogue by Erik Gustaf LidbeckLidbeck, Erik Gustaf
(1724-1803). Swedish. Professor of
natural history and economy at Lund.
Studied under Linnaeus. Accompanied
Linnaeus as secretary on his
Västgöta journey in 1746.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and his Ebbe BringBring, Ebbe (1733-1804).
Swedish. Lecturer; Lund, vicar at
Brönnestad, dean in Malmö.
was on the table. There were not so many insects, they were probably neglected, except for by one student named Fischerström [presumably Johan FischerströmFischerström, Johan
(1735-1796). Swedish. Financial
]. He finds botanical names such as Hyacinthus for Scilla amoena confused and thinks names had been taken from the dealer who sent the bulb. He cannot believe such barbary with a disciple of the great Linnaeus – that would have been reserved for Daniel RolanderRolander, Daniel (1725-1793).
Swedish. Naturalist and explorer.
Studied at Uppsala University under
Linnaeus. Went to Surinam in 1755-1756.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
alone. Other engagements have probably taken up their time, such as building a house, acquiring of land, plantations and silkworm farming,not to mention a sick mind.

He thinks to weary Linnaeus with too many words but gives the excuse that so long a time has passed since he could call upon the one to whom he had been accustomed to express all his thoughts without fears.

He expresses his thanks for letters [these letters have not come down to us] obtained from Linnaeus.

He thanks Linnaeus for having honoured him in Systema naturae [Solander refers to the tenth edition of the Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
] with a Solandria. Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his father’s lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeus’s
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
has informed him that Linnaeus has let him keep his Stipendium regium [Royal Scholarship].

He does not know Lostbom [Johan LåstbomLåstbom, Johan
(1732-1802). Swedish. Professor, dean
] unless he did not read for count Stenbock [either Gustaf Leonhard StenbockStenbock, Gustaf Leonhard
(1711-1758). Swedish. Vice Governor,
the province of Kronoberg in 1757.
Father of Arvid Nils Stenbock.
or his son Arvid Nils StenbockStenbock, Arvid Nils
(1738-1782). Swedish. Count,
chamberlain, colonel.
; is he related to Borgström [Solander means Johan AdelheimAdelheim, Johan (1685-1763).
Swedish. Iron foundry proprietor.

Has Peter ForsskålForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeus’s student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
become professor? Linnaeus had mentioned that in his letter [this letter has not come down to us].

Count Piper [presumably Carl Gustaf PiperPiper, Carl Gustaf (1737-1803).
Swedish. Chamberlain at the Swedish
Court. Son of Carl Fredrik Piper and
brother of Fredrik Thure Piper.
] has assured Solander that his father [Carl Fredrik PiperPiper, Carl Fredrik
(1700-1770). Swedish. President of the
Swedish Judicial Board for Public Lands
and Funds. Son of Carl Piper, father of
Carl Gustaf and Fredrik Thure
] would name Solander to Stipendium Piperianum if he only could be let free from a promise to Mathias Alexander Ungern-SternbergUngern-Sternberg, Mathias Alexander
(1689-1763). Swedish. Colonel,
field marshal.
, who had been asked by Pehr Niklas ChristierninChristiernin, Pehr Niklas
(1725-1799). Swedish. Professor,
philosopher and economist, Uppsala.
to recommend SvenssonSvensson, Swedish. . Solander has written to Baron Ungern asking him to query his father [Mathias Alexander Ungern-Sternberg] how much he had promised Christiernin.

He tells about Prussian prisoners of war, who have arrived in Scania and work in Malmö, Landscrona and Christianstad, and are well treated by the inhabitants. It is said that the Queen [Lovisa UlricaLovisa Ulrika, (1720-1782).
Swedish. Queen of Sweden 1751-1771.
Married to Adolf Fredrik. Mother of
Gustav III. Sister of Fredric II of
Prussia. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] has written to Georg Bogislaus Stäel von HolsteinStäel von Holstein, Georg
(1685-1763). Swedish.
about this.

He finally tells that while at Ramlösa he travelled to Kropp vicarage to see the big Buxus pyramid surrounded by a strong Buxus hedge; the winter of 1740 had hampered its growth; last year they obtained some fully ripe sweet almonds. He visited also Rosenlund, which belonged to Professor Bring [Sven LagerbringLagerbring, Sven (1707-1787).
Swedish. Professor of history, Lund.
Married to Maria Beata Bring, born
], from whom he enjoyed. Lagerbring has this estate from his wife [Maria Beata BringBring, Maria Beata (1729-1760).
Swedish. Wife of Sven Lagerbring,
daughter of Jacob Lagercreutz. Her
husband was ennobled Lagerbring in 1769.
, daughter of the Judge Advocate General [Jacob LagercreutzLagercreutz, Jacob Swedish.
Judge Advocate General. Father of Maria
Beata Bring, father-in-law of Sven

Solander sends his greetings to Linnaeus’s wife [Sara Elisabet MoraeaMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeus’s wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.
] and the daughters [Elisabeth Christina LinnaeaBergencrantz, Elisabeth Christina
(1743-1782). Swedish. Daughter of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Sister of Carl Linnaeus the Younger and
of Louisa, Sara Christina and Sophia
Linnaea. Married to Carl Fredrik
Bergencrantz.Mother of Sara Elisabeth
, Louisa LinnaeaLinnaea, Louisa (1749-1839).
Swedish. Daughter of Carl Linnaeus and
Sara Elisabet Linnaea. Sister of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Sara Christina and Sophia
, Sara Christina LinnaeaLinnaea, Sara Christina
(1751-1835). Swedish. Daughter of Carl
Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Sister of Carl Linnaeus the Younger and
of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa and
Sophia Linnaea.
and Sophia LinnaeaLinnaea, Sophia (1757-1830).
Swedish. Daughter of Carl Linnaeus and
Sara Elisabet Linnaea. Sister of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa and Sara Christina
Linnaea. Wife of Samuel Christoffer


a. original holograph (LS, XIV, 97-100). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]


1. Collected correspondence (1995), p. 44-59 .