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Link: • David de Gorter to Carl Linnaeus, 23 October 1759 n.s.
Dated 12 octob S.V. 1759.. Sent from St Petersburg (Russia) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


David de GorterGorter, David de (1707 or
1717-1783). Dutch. Botanist and
physician. Succeeded his father Johannes
de Gorter as physician-in-ordinary to
the Empress Elizabeth of Russia. Son of
Susanna de Gorter, brother of Herman
Boerhaave de Gorter. Correspondent of
recently received the dissertations, no. 52, 53, 55, 56-61, 63, 73, & 77 [Gorter refers to the dissertations published in in the Amoenitates academicaeLinnaeus, Carl Amoenitates
, I-X (Stockholm
1749-1790). Soulsby no. 1280.
] that Linnaeus sent him through Constantin ScepinScepin, Constantin (1727-?).
Russian?. Physician and botanist from
Siberia, doctor of medicine in Leiden in
1758. Visited Linnaeus in Uppsala in
1759. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
[see Constantin Scepin to Linnaeus, 17 September 1759Letter L2584]. Gorter thanks Linnaeus. He reminds him, though, of the missing ones which he enumerates. Gorter is sorry that he has not received the two copies of Linnaeusís Systema naturae [Gorter refers to the tenth edition, Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
] intended for himself and Johann Christian HebenstreitHebenstreit, Johann Christian
(1720-1795). German. Botanist, son of
Johann Ernst Hebenstreit, educated at
Leipzig. At St Petersburg from 1749-1751
and 1755-1761. Correspondent of
. Neither did Gorter find the live Peloria that Linnaeus had promised him.

The letter that is dated 26 March [1759; this letter has not come down to us]] is the last one that Gorter has received from Linnaeus. Gorter, however, has written several times. Gorter wants to know how Linnaeus is. On the day in honour of the name of the Empress [Elisabet Petrovna RomanovaPetrovna Romanova, Elizabeth
(1709-1762). Russian. Empress of
Russia. Reigned from 1741-1762.
] there was no public meeting of the Imperial Academy of Sciences of St Petersburg [Imperatorskaja akademija naukImperatorskaja akademija nauk,
Imperial Academy of Sciences

Russian. Imperial Academy of Sciences of
St Petersburg, founded in 1725. Its
publications are Commentarii
Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis
, 1-14 (1726 -
1744/1746 [i.e. pub. 1728 - 1751]) and
Novi Commentarii Academiae
Scientiarum Imperialis
, 1-20 (1747/1748 -
1775 [i.e. pub. 1750 - 1776]).
] and the prize for the best explication of the sexuality of plants was not awarded. There were only two dissertations on this subject; neither was satisfactory. In his letter of the previous June [Gorter to Linnaeus, 27 June 1759Letter L2542], Gorter told Linnaeus about the contribution that denied the sexuality of plants. The other work, which defends the sexuality of plants, contains nothing new. All the definitions and the illustration of the parts of the fructification originate from Linnaeusís Philosophia botanicaLinnaeus, Carl Philosophia
botanica, in qua explicantur fundamenta
botanica cum definitionibus partium,
(Stockholm 1751). Soulsby no.
. The comparisons between the parts of the animals and the plants show that the author is not so clever. He compares, for example, the lichens Usneae hanging down from the trunks of trees with the beard of animals.

On the previous day Gorter had received a letter from his father-in-law, who lives in Alkmaar in the northern part of Holland, saying that he had harvested a mature apple from a bush of Ribes rubrum. This bush grew under Pyrus malus. The apple was similar to the fruits of Pyrus malus, but it was smaller.


a. original holograph (LS, V, 110). [1] [2]