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Link: • Antoine Gouan to Carl Linnaeus, 8 January 1760 n.s.
Dated 8a januarii anno 1760. Sent from Montpellier (France) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Latin.


Antoine GouanGouan, Antoine (1733-1821).
French. Botanist, Montpellier. Student
under Sauvages. Director of the
botanical garden in 1767, later
professor of botany and medicine.
Although an admirer of Linnaeus he tried
to develop a hybrid of his system of
classification. Correspondent of
thanks Linnaeus for a letter with characters.

Gouan sends Linnaeus descriptions of the fish Phycis jugularis, which should be brought to the Gadi, and of Squalus. If the descriptions please Linnaeus, he can present them to Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
]. Gouan would like to be a member of this Society.

A few days ago a friend sent Guillaume Rondelet’sRondelet, Guillaume
(1507-1566). French. Naturalist,
ichtyologist whose De piscibus
(1555) was one of the first works in
marine zoology.
dried Capriscus. Gouan has some doubts about it. Gouan plans to send his work on fish to Linnaeus and hopes that he will give his opinion of it. Gouan considers Peter Artedi’sArtedi, Peter (1705-1735).
Swedish. Ichtyologist. Close friend of
, method rare and useful, but he has made some changes. Gouan describes his work on fish: 1. He has kept Artedi’sArtedi, Peter (1705-1735).
Swedish. Ichtyologist. Close friend of
, “Philosophia icthyologica“ [Gouan refers to one section of theIchthyologia sive opera omnia de piscibusArtedi, Peter Ichthyologia
sive opera omnia de piscibus, scilicet:
Bibliotheca ichthyologica. Philosophia
ichthyologica. Genera piscium. Synonymia
specierum. Descriptiones specierum.
Omnia in hoc genere perfectiora, quam
antea ulla. Posthuma vindicavit,
recognovit, coaptavit & edidit
Carolus Linnaeus
(Leiden 1738).
] but added his own observations 2. He has brought together genera and synonyms in one and the same book; he has added other synonyms from Marcgravius [Georg MarggrafMarggraf, Georg (1610-1644).
German. Naturalist and astronomer, who
accompanied Willem Piso to Brazil to
undertake zoological, botanical, and
astronomical expeditions.
] and from Linnaeus’s Fauna SvecicaLinnaeus, Carl Fauna Svecica
sistens animalia Sveciae regni:
quadrupedia, aves, amphibia, pisces,
insecta, vermes, distributa per classes
& ordines, genera & species. Cum
differentiis specierum, synonymis
autorum, nominibus incolarum, locis
habitationum, descriptionibus
(Stockholm, 1746).
Soulsby no. 1151.
. He has also added Linnaeus’s new genera. To every genus he has added a new character of system, for example, Malacopterygii. The Sygnathae, and similar genera, he brought to the Branchiostegi, but he wrote Cyprinus abdominalis and after that the generical character, Gadus jugularis, etc., Ophidion jugularis, Muraena apos, etc., and after the others Acanthopterygii, etc. 3. By using Artedi’s method Gouan has found more than fifty new species. Gouan hopes that his new dissertation on fish will please Linnaeus.

Gouan’s copy of Linnaeus’s tenth edition of Systema naturae is incomplete [this edition, Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
; the 10th edition was published in two volumes, “Animalia” 1758 and “Vegetabilia” 1759. The third volume, “Mineralia” was never published]. He therefore asks Linnaeus to send him a complete copy of his work. Three or four months ago Gouan sent Linnaeus a box with insects, i.e., Cicada minima elegans, Leptura, Tenebrio ridiculus, Hemerobius monstrosus and a Scarabaeus that is not like its congeners. Gouan marvels at the freaks of nature.

In the spring, Gouan will send his entire collection, which consists of about 400 specimens, to Linnaeus. However, he does not have Panorpa, Raphidia, Sphex, Necydalis, etc. Gouan could have written the Fauna of France in a few years, had he not lacked the means. The most ignorant Louis Jean Marie DaubentonDaubenton, Louis Jean Marie
(1716-1800). French. Curator at Jardin
des plantes in Paris. Professor of
mineralogy. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de BuffonBuffon, Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de
(1707-1788). French.
, do not realize the utility of peregrination.

P.S. Scarabaeus no. 6 is a true species distinct from no. 5.


a. original holograph (LS, V, 144-147). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6]