Nicolaus Joseph von JacquinJacquin, Nicolaus Joseph, baron von
(1727-1817). Dutch. Botanist. In
1755 at the order of emperor Franz I of
Austria he went to the Antilles and
South America. In 1763 he became
professor of mineralogy and chemistry at
Chemnitz, later professor of botany at
Vienna and director of the botanical
garden at Schönbrunn. Correspondent
of Linnaeus. thanks Linnaeus for a letter (26 February 1760)Letter L2679 received a few days earlier containing specimens and seeds. He expects to be able to please the Emperor, Franz IFranz I, (1708-1765).
Austrian. Reigned from 1745-1765. by bringing him new flowers, which will add to his standing. Linnaeus is asked to send all sorts of rare seeds, not Austrian, to him for the botanical garden, which is still rather small.
Among the notes on various flowers, Jacquin specially dwells on the following: Ixora is poorly depicted by Charles PlumierPlumier, Charles (1646-1704).
French. Botanist, travelled in Central
America and the Carribean. Linnaeus
generally approved of the descriptions
in his richly illustrated botanical
works. (Jacquin refers to Descriptions des plantes de l’AmériquePlumier, Charles Descriptions
des plantes de l’Amérique, avec
leurs figures (Paris 1693). ). Jacquin has a branch with leaves, flowers and immature fruits preserved for Linnaeus. Robinsonia is a Gentiana; Linnaeus is right there. In Aquartia, he wonders why Linnaeus does not believe in his drawing, and he adds an elaborated description. Of Clusia, he saw different kinds in the various islands he visited, each corresponding to what he found in each of the earlier authors, such as Plumier, Mark CatesbyCatesby, Mark (1682-1749).
British. Naturalist and artist. Best
known for his illustrated work The
Natural history of Carolina, Florida and
the Bahama islands (1736-1743).
Correspondent of Linnaeus. (Jacquin refers to The Natural history of CarolinaCatesby, Mark The Natural
history of Carolina, Florida and the
Bahama Islands: containing the figures
of birds, beasts, fishes, serpents,
insects and plants: particularly the
forest-trees, shrubs, and other plants,
not hitherto described, or very
incorrectly figured by authors. Together
with their descriptions in English and
French. To which are added observations
on the air, soil, and wate: with remarks
upon agriculture, grain, pulse, roots,
&c. To the whole is prefixed a new
and correct map of the countries treated
of, I-II (London 1731-1743). ), Patrick BrowneBrowne, Patrick (1720-1790).
Irish. Botanist who made six voyages to
the West Indies. In 1756 he published
The Civil and natural history of
Jamaica (1756). Correspondent of
Linnaeus. (Jacquin refers to The Civil and natural history of JamaicaBrowne, Patrick The Civil and
natural history of Jamaica: in three
parts: containing, I. An accurate
description of that island [...] with a
brief account of its former and present
state, government, revenues, produce,
and trade: II. A history of the natural
productions [...] native fossils [...]:
III: An account of the nature of
climates in general, and their
different effects upon the human
body (London 1756). ), Hans SloaneSloane, Hans (1660-1753).
British. Physician, naturalist and
collector. Secretary of the Royal
Society in 1693, president in 1727.
Sloane’s collections of natural history
objects were donated to the English
nation and were one of cornerstones of
the British Museum (1759). Correspondent
of Linnaeus. (Jacquin refers to A voyage to the islandsSloane, Hans A voyage to the
islands Madera, Barbados, Niciers, St
Christophers and Jamaica, I-II
(London 1707-1725). ). He is very occupied by the problem, of whether or not the species is a hermaphrodite.
Linnaeus had sent Jacquin some comments on a small publication by MygindSloane, Hans , by the counsellor Franz von MygindMygind, Franz von
Counsellor of the imperial court in
Vienna. Correspondent of Linnaeus. , and Jacquin had forwarded them. This leads to a number of detailed questions and comments to Linnaeus from both Jacquin and Mygind.
Jacquin goes on to give Linnaeus some inside information on how Linnaeus was regarded by the various professors in Vienna. Initially, all were against him, but the present opinion ranges from “eternal hostility” to acceptance. – He has not yet seen Wilhelm Heinrich KramerKramer, Wilhelm Heinrich
(?-1765). German. German-born Austrian
botanist and physician. Military surgeon
at Bruck a. Leitha. Correspondent of
A list of seeds promised for dispatch is enclosed. But Jacquin had learnt that the Swedish ambassador had not yet sent on the seeds given to him previously, and he is not pleased about that delay. The ambassador had promised to send them very soon. – Some seeds are enclosed in the same envelope since they should be sown at once.
Jacquin had had a big lizard, Lacerta iguana, for a month in Martinique without feeding it and had tried to take it along with him to Europe. The lizard withstood the voyage without food but had suddenly died on arrival at Cartagena in Spain.
Jacquin had also got twelve two-foot snakes from Oruba when he was in Curaçao. Six were dead when he got them, but the remaining six were kept in separate glass containers covered with cloth and with a few inches of sand at the bottom. They survived for three months without food, but when they were sent to Europe in May, five died during the voyage. The sixth was alive on the arrival in France, but when the person to whom it was entrusted got dysentery and almost died, the serpent also died.