-Search for letters
-Search in texts






Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Johannes Burman, 11 March 1760 n.s.
Dated 11 martii 1760. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Amsterdam (Netherlands). Written in Latin.


Linnaeus will answer to Johannes BurmanísBurman, Johannes (1707-1779).
Dutch. Botanist, professor of medicine
in Amsterdam. Close friend of Linnaeus.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letter dated 25 February 1760Letter L2680 in proper order since in his earlier letter, 15 January 1760Letter L2662 he had been hindered by many duties and wrote rather hastily.

Linnaeus began his public and private lectures in March and he continues every day. His private lectures are on insects, fishes and amphibians and in spring he will go on with botany when plants and flowers appear.

Linnaeus cannot manage to write about the lost Cape bulbs. He is sure that they are dead before he gets them.

Burmanís paper on Ferraria will be printed this summer in the Acta of the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
;there was an intermission in the publishing of the Acta societatis regiae scientiarum Upsaliensis Acta societatis regiae
scientiarum Upsaliensis
from 1751 to 1772, and Burmanís paper was never published]. Linnaeus has thoroughly studied the flowers Burman sent. They are very similar to Sisyrinchium and therefore he did not dare to insert it into his Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
. Then, however, after further deliberation, he is convinced that it is a separate species and he will insert it into the appendix of the third volume. There is also a Sisyrinchium palmae folio, unknown to Linnaeus. If Burman knows it Linnaeus asks him to tell if it belongs to Ferraria or to Sisyrinchium.

Linnaeus has long ago read Burmanís observations on Ferraria to the Royal Society of SciencesRoyal Society, London,
British. The Royal Society was founded
in Oxford in 1645 and sanctioned as a
royal society in 1662.

The bulb with warty leaves did not flower. He asks Burman if there is a picture of it somewhere.

It will please Linnaeus very much to receive Burmanís son [Nicolaas Laurens BurmanBurman, Nicolaas Laurens
(1734-1793). Dutch. Professor of
botany. Linnaeusís pupil in Uppsala in
1760. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
]. Linnaeus will see to it that he will have a place to live and if he is easily satisfied it will not be expensive. Linnaeus will be pleased to be able to return all things that Burman has done for him. He also wishes that his son [Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his fatherís lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeusís
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
] could visit Holland. Burman should not worry about his sonís Uppsala stay. Only the journey will be laborious. The sooner he arrives, the better.

Pharmacists are more prominent in Sweden than in Amsterdam but in Uppsala there are only two, living far from Linnaeusís house, and there is no possibility for accommodation. Linnaeus will, however, see to it that Burmanís son will have what he wants.

Linnaeus wants him to bring some tshoots and suckers of succulent plants: Aloe, Agave, Euphorbia, Cacalia, Ficus, and perhaps also some bulbs. Linnaeus does not have Erythronium.

Vitaliano DonatiísDonati, Vitaliano (1713-1763).
Italian. Professor of natural history,
Turin. Travelled in the Balkans and in
the Orient. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Flora [presumably Della storia naturale marina dellí AdriaticoDonati, Vitaliano Della
storia naturale marina dellí Adriatico
saggio giuntavi una lettera del Signor
L. Sesler intorno ad un nuovo genere di
piante terrestri
(Venice 1750).
] has turned up in Alexandria due to Roqueís [Linnaeus means Bartolomo Giambattista RoncoRonco, Bartolomo Giambattista
] incompetence.

It has been a very hard winter and it is still very cold.

If Burman has conchylia with uncertain names, his son can bring them and Linnaeus will add the names according to his system.

Burman need not mention Linnaeusís name in his preface. Linnaeus has not done anything other than can be expected of a friend. The third tome of Pehr KalmísKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
journey has been published, but in Swedish [Linnaeus refers to En resa til Norra AmericaKalm, Pehr En resa til Norra
America, på Kongl. Swenska
Wetenskaps Academiens befattning, och
publici kostnad
, I-III (Stockholm
1753-1761). Soulsby no. 2586a.

Linnaeus gives Burmanís son his kindest regards.


a. original holograph (KVA, Carl von Linnes arkiv, 1601-1604). [1] [2] [3] [4]


1. Epistolae ineditae Caroli Linnaei (1830), p. 42-44 .
2. Bref och skrifvelser (1943), vol. II:2, p. 155-157   p.155  p.156  p.157.