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Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Antoine Gouan, 4 March 1760 n.s.
Dated . Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to Montpellier (France). Written in Latin.


Linnaeus received Antoine Gouan’sGouan, Antoine (1733-1821).
French. Botanist, Montpellier. Student
under Sauvages. Director of the
botanical garden in 1767, later
professor of botany and medicine.
Although an admirer of Linnaeus he tried
to develop a hybrid of his system of
classification. Correspondent of
letter [Gouan to Linnaeus, 8 January 1760Letter L2656] the previous day.

Linnaeus enjoyed Gouan’s account of the fish Phycis. Without doubt the Phycis is a species of Blennius. In the summer Linnaeus will publish this account in the transactions of the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
; there was an intermission in the publishing of these transactions, Acta societatis regiae scientiarum Upsaliensis Acta societatis regiae
scientiarum Upsaliensis
from 1751 to 1772], and at the next meeting he will read it. The number of the members of the Royal Society of Sciences at Uppsala [Kungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i UppsalaKungliga Vetenskaps-Societeten i
Swedish. The Royal
Society of Sciences at Uppsala was
founded in 1728.
] in Uppsala is fixed. However, when there is a vacancy, Linnaeus will suggest Gouan.

Linnaeus wants Gouan to send him illustrations of Phycis and Squalus so that the account will be complete.

Linnaeus is very pleased with the method that Gouan wants to use for Peter Artedi’sArtedi, Peter (1705-1735).
Swedish. Ichtyologist. Close friend of
work. When Linnaeus published Artedi’s work, he intended to do what Gouan is doing now, but he was sick with a fever that broke him down.

Linnaeus prays to God that Gouan’s collection of insects will reach him safely. No doubt there will be much new and rare.

Linnaeus wants Gouan to examine the insects that produce the long, coloured follicles of Lentiscus, Pistacia and Terebinthus that Charles de LecluseLecluse, Charles de
(1525-1609). French. Botanist, director
of the imperial gardens in Vienna,
professor at Leiden.
and others have delineated. He wonders whether they are Aphides.

It was a chock to hear that François Boissier de La Croix de SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, who is not only the foremost in medicine but also a very skilled botanist, had been replaced by a young man called Chicoyneau [Jean-François Chicoyneau the YoungerChicoyneau the Younger,
French. Professor of botany, director of
the University botanic garden,
chancellor at the university of
Montpellier. Son of
Aimé-François Chicoyneau.
]. Linnaeus wonders what has become of science in France. Nobody in Sweden can believe that Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de BuffonBuffon, Jean-Louis Leclerc, comte de
(1707-1788). French.
is considered a star.

Linnaeus wants to know who has succeeded Giulio PontederaPontedera, Giulio (1688-1757).
Italian. Director of the botanical
garden and professor of botany at Padua.
He rejected Linnaeus’s system. Linnaeus
named a family of Narcissoides,
Pontederia, after him.
as supervisor of the Padua University Botanic Garden.

Linnaeus wonders about Vitaliano DonatiDonati, Vitaliano (1713-1763).
Italian. Professor of natural history,
Turin. Travelled in the Balkans and in
the Orient. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
in Alexandria.

A few days ago Linnaeus’s disciple Alexander LogieLogie, Alexander (?-?).
Swedish. Lived in Algier. Brother of
Fredrik Logie. Correspondent of
returned to his country, Algeria, especially for the sake of insects. If possible, Logie should go to Mount Atlas.

Another of Linnaeus’s disciples, Clas AlströmerAlströmer, Clas
(1736-1794). Swedish. Baron,
industrialist. Sent plants and specimens
to Linnaeus from his travels abroad.
Bought Linnaeus’s “little herbarium”,
now in the Natural History Museum in
Stockholm. Son of Jonas Alströmer,
brother of August, Johan and Patrick
Alströmer. Correspondent of
, has gone to Portugal and Spain. When Alströmer returns, he will go to Montpellier. Linnaeus asks Gouan to receive Alströmer well.

Linnaeus has received a skin from a Satyrus tulpii [Tulpius’s Satyrus]; it is beautifully prepared.

In the summer Linnaeus will try to send Carl Alexander Clerck’sClerck, Carl Alexander
(1709-1765). Swedish. Entomologist.
Assessor in Stockholm. Correspondent of
dissertation on the Phalaenae [Linnaeus refers to Clerck’s Icones insectorum rariorumClerck, Carl Alexander Icones
insectorum rariorum cum nominibus eorum
trivialibus, locisqve e C: Linnaei [...
] Syst: nat: allegatis
, 2 vol.,
(Stockholm 1759-1765).
] to Gouan. There are more than 120 illustrations which cannot be found in other authors. Linnaeus will also send his Systema naturae; in the third volume of this work there will be an appendix with more than hundred of Gouan’s new insects [Linnaeus refers to Systema naturae, 10th editionLinnaeus, Carl Systema
, 10th edition (Stockholm
1758-1759). Soulsby no. 58.
; the 10th edition was published in two volumes, “Animalia” 1758 and “Vegetabilia” 1759. The third volume, “Mineralia” was never published].

Wilhelm Heinrich Kramer’sKramer, Wilhelm Heinrich
(?-1765). German. German-born Austrian
botanist and physician. Military surgeon
at Bruck a. Leitha. Correspondent of
Elenchus vegetabilium et animalium per Austriam inferiorem observatorumKramer, Wilhelm Heinrich
Elenchus vegetabilium et animalium
per Austriam inferiorem observatorum

(Vienna and Prague 1756).
is a beautiful work. Giovanni Antonio Scopoli’sScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
(1723-1788). Italian. Physician and
naturalist. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
Flora CarniolicaScopoli, Giovanni Antonio
Flora Carniolica exhibens plantas
Carniolae indigenas et distributas in
classes naturales. Cum differentiis
specificis, synonymis recentiorum, locis
natalibus, nominibus incolarum,
observationibus selectis, viribus
(Vienna 1760).
is being printed in Vienna.

Linnaeus recently published his dissertation Dissertatio academica de politia naturaeLinnaeus, Carl Dissertatio
academica de politia naturae [...]
diss., resp. C. D. Wilcke (Uppsala,
1760). Soulsby no. 2104.
dealing with the fact that animals are created for the sake of plants and not the other way round. Linnaeus is teaching dietetics in public and amphibia privately.

The third volume of Pehr Kalm’sKalm, Pehr (1716-1779).
Swedish. Botanist and traveller,
professor of natural history at
Åbo. Disciple of Linnaeus.
Travelled in North America 1748-1751.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
journey to Canada is being printed in Stockholm in the vernacular [Linnaeus refers to the En resa til Norra AmericaKalm, Pehr En resa til Norra
America, på Kongl. Swenska
Wetenskaps Academiens befattning, och
publici kostnad
, I-III (Stockholm
1753-1761). Soulsby no. 2586a.
; vol. 2 was published in 1756, vol. 3 in 1763].

Linnaeus sends his regards to Sauvages, the one and only that he admires.

As soon as he has received Gouan’s insects, Linnaeus will write again.

Linnaeus asks Gouan to entreat Sauvages to send him seeds of Alyssum foliis pinnatis.


a. original holograph (BL, Additional Ms 22935, 179). [1] [2] [3] [4]