-Search for letters
-Search in texts






Link: • Carl Linnaeus to Domenico Vandelli, 4 March 1760 n.s.
Dated 1760. d. 4. Martii. Sent from Uppsala (Sweden) to (). Written in Latin.


Three days previously, Linnaeus had received Domenico VandelliísVandelli, Domenico (1735-1816).
Italian. Physician and botanist. Left
for Portugal in 1764, where he was a
professor at the university of Coimbra.
He was the founder of Ajuda botanical
garden in Lisboa and of the Coimbra
botanical garden, where he was also the
first director (1773-1791).
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
letter of 13 January 1760Letter L2655, and he thanks Vandelli for that.

He also thanks for the box of specimens that had arrived from Vandelli through Emanuel TreuTreu, Emanuel ?. Merchant. . He will be pleased to be able to make Vandelli a similar service in return.

Linnaeus gives a few comments on the minerals.

Linnaeus reports that John EllisEllis, John (1711-1776).
British. Merchant and naturalist, expert
on zoophytes. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
had sent him an incomplete description of the zoophyton six months previously but that only Vandelliís descriptions could help Linnaeus to understand the species. Linnaeus asks for permission to publish Vandelliís description in the Acta societatis regiae scientiarum Upsaliensis Acta societatis regiae
scientiarum Upsaliensis
[nothing by Vandelli was published there, where there was also an intermission in the publishing from 1751 to 1772].

Linnaeus compares Vandelliís labours in the Apennines with his own journey to Lapland.

Linnaeus is surprised and sorry that no Italian flora has been published, for that by Liberato SabbatiSabbati, Liberato (c.
1714-17?). Italian. Italian botanist
and surgeon, curator of the Botanical
Garden in Rome.
is inadequate [Linnaeus refers to the Synopsis plantarumSabbati, Liberato Synopsis
plantarum, quae in solo Romano
luxuriantur; cum figuris aeneis

(Ferrara, 1745).
]. It mixes exotic species with indigenous ones and is unreliable in the determinations.

Linnaeus asks about a gnat living in fig trees that has been described by Giulio PontederaPontedera, Giulio (1688-1757).
Italian. Director of the botanical
garden and professor of botany at Padua.
He rejected Linnaeusís system. Linnaeus
named a family of Narcissoides,
Pontederia, after him.

Carl Alexander ClerckClerck, Carl Alexander
(1709-1765). Swedish. Entomologist.
Assessor in Stockholm. Correspondent of
is busy drawing and painting butterflies for Linnaeus [Linnaeus refers to the Icones insectorum rariorum Clerck, Carl Alexander Icones
insectorum rariorum cum nominibus eorum
trivialibus, locisqve e C: Linnaei [...
] Syst: nat: allegatis
, 2 vol.,
(Stockholm 1759-1765).
]. He has already completed 120 moths that Linnaeus had already included in his Systema naturae, and is now working on more than 100 butterflies from India, part of the Queenís [Lovisa UlrikaLovisa Ulrika, (1720-1782).
Swedish. Queen of Sweden 1751-1771.
Married to Adolf Fredrik. Mother of
Gustav III. Sister of Fredric II of
Prussia. Correspondent of Linnaeus.
] museum. He does them all in their natural colours.

Linnaeus wants Vandelli to observe and report on the leafing in a number of tree species in Italy, just as botanists in Montpellier have done [the botanist Linnaeus must have had in mind was François Boissier de La Croix SauvagesSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
(1706-1767). French.
Botanist and clergyman and physician,
professor in medicine at Montpellier.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
and his Methodus foliorum, seu plantae florae MonspeliensisSauvages, François Boissier de
La Croix de
Methodus foliorum,
seu plantae florae Monspeliensis, juxta
foliorum ordinem ad juvandam specierum
cognitionem, digestae [...]
Méthode pour connoître les
plantes par les feüilles
Hague 1751).
]. The length of the summer can easily be calculated from those data.

John RayRay, John (1627-1705).
British. Naturalist and clergyman. One
of the most influential botanists before
had seen a bird in Florence, called Spipoleta. Linnaeus wonders what species that can be.

Pehr ForsskålForsskål, Peter
(1732-1763). Swedish. Naturalist and
explorer. Linnaeusís student, professor
in Denmark in 1759. Joined a Danish
expedition to Egypt and Arabia in 1761.
Died at Jerîm, Arabia.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
, now in Copenhagen, is going to Arabia, just like Vitaliano DonatiDonati, Vitaliano (1713-1763).
Italian. Professor of natural history,
Turin. Travelled in the Balkans and in
the Orient. Correspondent of Linnaeus.

In Lapland, there is an insect that attacks cattle and people. It attacks bare skin from above and often kills its victim within a quarter of an hour.


1. Florae lusitanicae et brasiliensis specimen (1788), p. 74-76 .