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Link: linnaeus.c18.net/Letter/L2711 • Daniel Solander to Carl Linnaeus, 21 April 1760 n.s.
Dated . Sent from Västra Karleby (Sweden) to Uppsala (Sweden). Written in Swedish.

Välborne Herr Archiater och Riddare
af Kongl[iga] Nordstjärne- orden,
höggunstige Befordrare,

Just nu på stunden hade jag den äran at ärhålla Herr Archiaterns gunstiga bref af den 11 Apr[ilis], jämte de inneslutne 150 d[aler] k[oppar]m[yn]t. Jag har den äran at aflägga ödmjukaste tacksäjelse för Herr Archiaterns beständiga gunst äfven vid detta tilfället. Herr Archiatern är ock mer än gunstig som behagat åtaga sig min K[iära]ste Faders Omständigheter. Gud gifve at hans svårighet stodo at öfverwinna. Det lär väl vara Skjörbjuggs-Vatnsot. Så har Doctor Gissler utlåtit sig. Hans ordonation ha de brukat, och svuldnaden i Scrotum hade litet gifvit sig, då jag sidst hade bref.

Hos Nådiga Frun, Mamsell Lisa Stina, de öfrige Mamsellerna och Herr Linnaeus anhåller jag om min hjärteliga vördnads förmälan. Med största högagtning har jag äran in til min död at framhärda,

Välborne Herr Archiaterns och Riddarens
ödmjukaste och lydigste tjänare
Dan[iel] C[arlsson] Solander

W[ästra] Carleby . 21 Apr[ilis]
1760.

Närlagd skickar jag en Scolopendra pedibus utrinque 30 par paria approximatis, antennis clavatis.

Habitat in terra infra lapides & turfos.

Corpus lineare, lateribus angulatum, supra paludum, infra albescens, longitudine unguis, constans segmentis 20. Primum est Caput ovatum, depressum: Antennis diaphanis, capite triplo longioribus, sexarticulatis, intra 2dum & 3tium articulum geniculatis; 5tus articulus subglobosus, obscurior 6tus minimus. Secundum segmentum s. Collum est tectum clypeo antice rotundato, postice truncato, s. lunulato. Omnia reliqua segmenta /:praeter caudam:/ tecta Clypeis supra planiusculis, tuberculatis, marginatis, subquadratis, ad latera serrulatis, angulis posticis acutis, extra corporis segmenta parum exstantibus, unde Corpus planiusculum et qvasi angulatum. Sub singulo segmento duo paria Pedum affixa, praeter in tertio & quarto segmento, sub quibus tantummodo unicum par. Ista segmenta reliquis breviora et Clypei fere lineares. Segmentis 18 & 19 etjam unicum par. Segmentum 20mum s. Cauda triangularis s. acuminata, supra et infra planiuscula, laevis Pedes utrinque 30, diaphanis, sex articulatis.

Obs. Minime agilis, congeneribus tardior et fere immobilis jacet. Citius moritur saepe intra horam, dum Sc. forficata & electrica vivaces per 3 l. 4 dies etsi acu perforatae.

Jag kan ei annat finna än at den måtte vara en Scolopendra, fast den skiljer sig ifrån den i Syst[ema] nat[urae] gifne charactere generico däruti at den har Antennas clavatas och duo paria pedum ad plurima segmenta corporis; hvaruti den kommer öfverens med Julis, men hvarken är Corpus semicylindricum, ei heller har den facies Juli, utan aldeles lik en Scolopendra. Liknar dock Julis däri är fragilis och rullar sig in spiram; Springer ei heller så fort som Scolopendrae. Är såleds ett Medium emellan desse bägge Genera.

De unge eller små äro aldeles hvite, men de gamle äro åfvanpå gråaktige.

Den rätte Scolopendra electrica har jag ei kunnat här finna, men ett annat species som väl måtte vara distinct, efter det endast har 46 a 54 par fötter. Jag har ofta däraf öfver 50 i en flaska men aldrig i mörket kunnat se något skjen. Somlige har varit pallida, somlige rubrae, men färgen lär endast differera aetate. De fläste ha 52 och 54 par fötter, någre 46 och 48. Mån det ei kan vara den Frischen har 11 t. 8 f. I. cfr Faun[a] Suec[ica] 1261.

upSUMMARY

Daniel SolanderSolander, Daniel (1733-1782).
Swedish. Naturalist, explorer. Student
in Uppsala under Linnaeus and Johan
Gottschalk Wallerius. Went to London in
1760. Curator of natural history
collections at the British Museum.
Botanist on Cook’s first voyage
1768-1771. Joseph Bank’s librarian.
Correspondent of Linnaeus.
has just received a letter from Linnaeus of 11th of April [this letter has not come down to us] including 150 daler copper coin. He is obliged to Linnaeus who has undertaken his father’s [Carl SolanderSolander, Carl (1699-1760).
Swedish. Dean of Piteå. Amateur
scientist. Father of Daniel Solander.
Members of Maupertuis’ and Anders
Celsius’s expedition visited his
vicarage in 1737 and 1737.
] disease. It is probably scurvy-dropsy according to Nils GisslerGissler, Nils (1715-1771).
Swedish. Logices, physices et medicinae
lector, Härnösand.
.

Solander sends his greetings to Linnaeus’s wife [Sara Elisabet MoraeaMoraea, Sara Elisabet
(1716-1806). Swedish. Linnaeus’s wife.
Daughter of Johan Moraeus and Elisabet
Hansdotter Moraea. Mother of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa, Sara Christina and
Sophia Linnaea.
], to Lisa Stina [Elisabeth Christina LinnaeaBergencrantz, Elisabeth Christina
(1743-1782). Swedish. Daughter of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Sister of Carl Linnaeus the Younger and
of Louisa, Sara Christina and Sophia
Linnaea. Married to Carl Fredrik
Bergencrantz.Mother of Sara Elisabeth
Martin.
], the other daughters [Louisa LinnaeaLinnaea, Louisa (1749-1839).
Swedish. Daughter of Carl Linnaeus and
Sara Elisabet Linnaea. Sister of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Sara Christina and Sophia
Linnaea.
, Sara Christina LinnaeaLinnaea, Sara Christina
(1751-1835). Swedish. Daughter of Carl
Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Sister of Carl Linnaeus the Younger and
of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa and
Sophia Linnaea.
and Sophia LinnaeaLinnaea, Sophia (1757-1830).
Swedish. Daughter of Carl Linnaeus and
Sara Elisabet Linnaea. Sister of Carl
Linnaeus the Younger and of Elisabeth
Christina, Louisa and Sara Christina
Linnaea. Wife of Samuel Christoffer
Duse.
] and to Carl Linnaeus the YoungerLinnaeus the Younger, Carl
(1741-1783). Swedish. Botanist. Son of
Carl Linnaeus and Sara Elisabet Linnaea.
Brother of Elisabeth Christina, Louisa,
Sara Christina and Sophia Linnaea.
Attended his father’s lectures, had
private tutors (Löfling, Rolander,
Solander and Falk, all Linnaeus’s
students). Demonstrator of botany at
Uppsala. Succeeded his
father.
.

He includes with the letter a specimen of Scolopendra pedibus utrinque 30 par paria approximates, antennis clavatis, which lives in the earth below stones and turf.

Follows a long description in Latin of that arthropod.

He cannot find otherwise than it must be a Scolopendra and discusses its similarities with and differences from Iulis, and conludes that it is intermediate between the two genera.

The young or small are white, the old greyish above.

He has not been able to find true Scolopendra electrica but another species which may be distinct since it has only 46 – 54 pairs of feet. It may the one that Frischen [Johann Leonhard FrischFrisch, Johann Leonhard
(1666-1743). German. High school rector
in Berlin.
] has in tome 11, folio 8, 1. [Linnaeus refers to Frisch’s Beschreibung von allerley Insecten in Teutschland Frisch, Johann Leonhard
Beschreibung von allerley Insecten in
Teutschland, nebst nützlichen
Anmerckungen und nöthigen
Abbildungen von diesen kriechenden und
fliegenden inlandischen Gewürme
, 1-13 (Berlin 1720-1738).
. Linnaeus compares with Fauna SvecicaLinnaeus, Carl Fauna Svecica
sistens animalia Sveciae regni:
quadrupedia, aves, amphibia, pisces,
insecta, vermes, distributa per classes
& ordines, genera & species. Cum
differentiis specierum, synonymis
autorum, nominibus incolarum, locis
habitationum, descriptionibus
insectorum
(Stockholm, 1746).
Soulsby no. 1151.
, 1261.

upMANUSCRIPTS

a. original holograph (LS, XIV, 117-118). [1] [2] [3] [4] [5]

upEDITIONS

1. Collected correspondence (1995), p. 92-95 .